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30 mei

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2006 6:46    Onderwerp: 30 mei Reageer met quote

1916

Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Die französischen Stellungen zwischen "Toter Mann" und Cumières erstürmt

1348 Franzosen gefangen

Der Vormarsch in Mazedonien

Großes Hauptquartier, 30. Mai.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Lebhafte Feuerkämpfe fanden auf der Front zwischen dem Kanal La Bassée und Arras statt, auch Lens und seine Vororte wurden wieder beschossen. In der Gegend von Souchez und südöstlich von Tahure scheiterten schwache feindliche Vorstöße.
Gesteigerte Gefechtstätigkeit herrschte im Abschnitt von der Höhe 304 bis zur Maas. Südlich des Raben- und Cumièreswaldes nahmen deutsche Truppen die französischen Stellungen zwischen der Südkuppe des "Toten Mannes" und dem Dorf Cumières in ihrer ganzen Ausdehnung. An unverwundeten Gefangenen sind 35 Offiziere (darunter mehrere Stabsoffiziere), 1313 Mann eingebracht. Zwei Gegenangriffe gegen das Dorf Cumières wurden abgewiesen.
Östlich der Maas verbesserten wir durch örtliches Vordrücken die neugewonnene Linie im Thiaumontwalde. Das beiderseitige Feuer erreichte hier zeitweise größte Heftigkeit.
Unsere Flieger griffen mit beobachtetem Erfolge gestern abend ein feindliches Zerstörungsgeschwader vor Ostende an. Ein englischer Doppeldecker stürzte nach Luftkampf bei St. Eloi ab und wurde durch Artilleriefeuer vernichtet.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Südlich von Lipsk stießen deutsche Abteilungen über die Schtschara vor und zerstörten eine russische Blockhausstellung.
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Deutsche und bulgarische Streitkräfte besetzten, um sich gegen augenscheinlich beabsichtigte Überraschungen durch die Truppen der Entente zu sichern, die in diesem Zusammenhang wichtige Rupelenge an der Struma. Unsere Überlegenheit zwang die schwachen griechischen Posten auszureichen; im übrigen sind die griechischen Hoheitsrechte gewahrt worden.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Abreise des Kaisers ins Feld

Berlin, 30. Mai.
Der Kaiser hat sich wieder zur Front begeben.


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Der Übergang über die Posina erzwungen

Wien, 30. Mai.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Lebhaftere Artilleriekämpfe, namentlich an der bessarabischen Front und in Wolhynien.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Gestern fiel das Panzerwerk Punta Corbin in unsere Hand. Westlich von Arsiero erzwangen unsere Truppen den Übergang über den Posinabach und bemächtigten sich der südlichen Uferhöhen. Vier heftige Angriffe der Italiener auf unsere Stellung südlich Bettale wurden abgeschlagen.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Ruhe.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)



Der türkische Heeresbericht:
Englische Artillerie am Tigris niedergekämpft

Konstantinopel, 30. Mai.
(Bericht des Hauptquartiers.)
An der Irakfront brachte im Abschnitt von Felahie am rechten Ufer des Tigris unsere Artillerie zwei feindliche Geschütze zum Schweigen. Wir erbeuteten an diesem Ufer 17 Wagen mit Vieh und machten bei einem Überfall 24 Engländer zu Gefangenen.
Kaukasusfront: Am rechten Flügel und im Zentrum Patrouillenkämpfe, am linken Flügel Scharmützel einzelner Abteilungen.
Im Abschnitt von Smyrna verjagten unsere Geschütze drei feindliche Flieger, die Phokia überflogen. Einige feindliche Kriegsschiffe unterhielten eine kurze Zeit unwirksames Feuer gegen die Hügel westlich von der Insel Kensten und zogen sich dann zurück.
An der Kaukasusfront vertrieben wir Erkundungsabteilungen, mit denen der Feind gegen unsere Stellung vorgehen wollte. Auf dem linken Flügel kam es nur zu örtlichen Artilleriekämpfen.
Am 29. Mai warfen feindliche Flugzeuge dreißig Bomben auf einige Stadtviertel von Smyrna, wobei sie mehrere Personen teils töteten, teils verletzten und einige Häuser beschädigten.

Am 27. Mai gingen ein feindliches Torpedoboot und feindliche Flugzeuge gegen El Arisch (auf der Sinai-Halbinsel östlich Port Said) vor. Die von dem Flugzeug geschleuderten Bomben verletzten sieben Personen. Zwei unserer Flugzeuge griffen das Schiff und die Flugzeuge des Feindes vor El Arisch an. Sie warfen mit Erfolg Bomben ab und feuerten aus Maschinengewehren.
www.stahlgewitter.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 17:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

100 Events in the Gallipoli Campaign

30 May 1915 - U21 torpedoed and sank the transport Tiger which had been disguised to look like a battlecruiser

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/may-1915.html

When is a Tiger not a Tiger

This picture shows the dummy HMS Tiger, who was one of two merchantmen that had been disguised as battle cruisers. The idea behind this scheme was to fool the Germans into thinking that a far greater part of the Navy was being sent to the Dardanelles. The plan worked so admirably well, that the Tiger was spotted by the U21, who had already sunk the Majestic and Triumph. After the inevitable torpedo had struck home, and the ship was sinking fast, the German commander could not believe his eyes when he saw the complete superstructure, the turrets and the guns of the Tiger calmly float away on the water.

During World War I the Royal Navy decided to convert a select number of merchant ships, particularly ocean liners, into imitation capital ships. Fourteen ships in total were selected for the task, each re-modelled individually with mock turrets, guns and other sham devices made of wood and canvas, and specially ballasted, to enable them to masquerade as the capital ships of the Grand Fleet. Just how successful these dummy battleships and battlecruisers were is not known. The objective behind the subterfuge was to confuse the enemy over fleet dispositions as well as to mislead them as to the actual total fleet strength Only the Merion, disguised as the battlecruiser, HMS Tiger, was lost during the war, while in support of the Dardanelles Campaign, in the Aegean Sea by UB8 on 30 May 1915

Plaatje... http://www.tstiger.org.uk/about.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 17:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Fred Garrett War Diary

30 May 1915 Sunday - Now for today's buzzes and rumours.

The "Triumph" was torpedoed in three places the first torpedo entering her coal bunkers. The nets were ineffective as the torpedoes are fitted with some cutting appliances. She carried 4 ten inch guns, speed 18 knots and tonnage 11500 tons.

A beautiful buzz going around is that we leave here, get our horses and leave for some unknown destination, which may be India, Austria, Timbuktu or the North Pole.

On duty last night and got little sleep and I have had only 5 hours sleep for two nights, am hoping the terrible, unspeakable Turk keeps in his kennel tonight and does not come out to bark at the moon. A strange thing about this campaign of ours is the remarkable absence of tales of Turkish atrocities going among us.

At about 9.00pm tonight we heard a peculiar noise that roused us from our dugouts to see what was going on. We expected to see a crowd of Turks coming over the cliff being driven by Australian bayonets, I though it was a flock of curlews or something on the wing. It was, however, a Turkish machine gun pumping bad messages into the hill just above our bivouac. They made a most percular twanging singing whine.

30 May 1915 Sunday cont… - It rained shrapnel for tea last night but luckily the shell burst too high above us and the force of the pellets was becoming spent. Several got nasty whacks however. And our medic demanded, indignantly, as to who was throwing stones at him. Alex who was sitting next to me had one struck him on the ankle, doubling him up in pain. It left a rough nasty bruise on his foot but otherwise no damage done. Hard to say where it came from, some reckon that it was one of ours bursting prematurely or the cap had come off and the pellets were leaking.

Great doings on Quinn's Post today

The 10th L.H. and 13th INF. Amongst others were in it. Two successive trenches were taken and 3 machine guns taken. The lot had to evacuate their new position. but as to how our boys fared in the rest of the trenches it is hard to say. There are so many contradictory reports. We have been standing to arms most of the day prepared to make a gallant charge or something like that, but nothing happened, as far as we were concerned.

I was watching some of the lads tossing bombs at the Turks, they split the labor among them, passing their all each contributing to the final result and the last man doing the throw. The Jap mortar continued to do good work "imshing" snipers and making the Turks squeal and "Alah". They reckon that after firing six shots into a Turkish sap, 60 dead Turks were tossed out the next day.

A fine 'buzz" going around, our "wazur" is that Atchi Babra is taken. The French on the right wing lost heavily however.

http://www.grantsmilitaria.com/garrett/html/may1915.htm
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 20:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

By the President of the United States of America - A Proclamation

My Fellow Countrymen:

Many circumstances have recently conspired to turn our thoughts to a critical examination of the conditions of our national life, of the influences which have seemed to threaten to divide us in interest and sympathy, of forces within and forces without that seemed likely to draw us away from the happy traditions of united purpose and action of which we have been so proud, It has therefore seemed to me fitting that I should call your attention to the approach of the anniversary of the day upon which the flag of the United States was adopted by the Congress as the emblem of the Union, and to suggest to you that it should this year and in the years to come be given special significance as a day of renewal and reminder, a day upon which we should direct our minds with a special desire of renewal to thoughts of the ideals and principles of which we have sought to make our great Government the embodiment.

I therefore suggest and request that throughout the nation and if possible in every community the fourteenth day of June be observed as FLAG DAY with special patriotic exercises, at which means shall be taken to give significant expression to our thoughtful love of America, our comprehension of the great mission of liberty and justice to which we have devoted ourselves as a people, our pride in the history and our enthusiasm for the political programme of the nation, our determination to make it greater and purer with each generation, and our resolution to demonstrate to all the world its, vital union in sentiment and purpose, accepting only those as true compatriots who feel as we do the compulsion of this supreme allegiance. Let us on that day rededicate ourselves to the nation, "one and inseparable" from which every thought that is not worthy of our fathers' first vows in independence, liberty, and right shall be excluded and in which we shall stand with united hearts, for an America which no man can corrupt, no influence draw away from its ideals, no force divide against itself,-a nation signally distinguished among all the nations of mankind for its clear, individual conception alike of its duties and its privileges, its obligations and its rights.

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington this thirtieth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and sixteen, and of the independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fortieth.

WOODROW WILSON

By the President:

ROBERT Lansing
Secretary of State

John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa Barbara, CA. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=62991.
_________________

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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 20:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1916, Commons Sitting

PRISON TREATMENT OF REBELS.


HC Deb 30 May 1916 vol 82 cc2535-8 2535

Mr. GINNELL asked the Under-Secretary for War whether the late Mr. Sean MacDermott while in prison, including the night between sentence and execution, was confined in a cell without bed or stretcher of any kind, with no clothing but what he wore on his body, except two extremely small light blankets; whether he had to wrap his boots in one of these to form a pillow; why the priest he specially desired to attend him was not 2536 sent for; and whether in all these particulars this was the treatment of all those executed?

Mr. TENNANT This man received the same treatment as all other prisoners. He asked for more blankets, and these were supplied to him. He asked to see one of the Capuchin Friars, but, on being visited by Father McCarthy, he expressed himself perfectly satisfied, and if he had not done so the Friar in question would have been summoned at once, as has been done in all cases where a special priest has been named. This is another instance of the hon. Member's inaccuracy.

Mr. GINNELL Was the prisoner treated as described in the question, or was he not? I hold in my hand a letter from a gentleman who visited this prisoner on the night in question, and I am willing to put it into the hands of any independent Member.

Mr. TENNANT The statement as to the blanket is the only one which seems to be correct.

Mr. GINNELL Is it a fact he had no pillow and wrapped his boots up in one of the blankets to make a pillow. I am willing to put this letter into your hands, Mr. Speaker—or into the hands of any independent Member. If you will allow me—

Mr. SPEAKER The hon. Member can ask a question.

Mr. GINNELL If you will allow me, as a matter of personal explanation, in view of the statement made by the right hon. Gentleman—

Mr. SPEAKER Order, order!

Mr. OUTHWAITE If a Minister, after answering a question, proceeds to comment on the question, is not the Member putting it a right of reply?

Mr. SPEAKER It depends on whether the hon. Member brought the comment on himself by reason of the nature of his question.

Mr. GINNELL The nature of the question was the truth of it.

Mr. DEVLIN asked the Prime Minister if he will lay upon the Table of the House of Commons the Reports of the medical officers regarding the sanitary accommodation provided for, and treatment of, prisoners awaiting trial in the various prisons and hospitals under the military authorities in Dublin?

The PRIME MINISTER (Mr. Asquith) I thought that the right hon. Gentleman the Home Secretary answered this yesterday. It is not desirable to produce these reports, but the sanitary accommodation and treatment of these prisoners have been most carefully considered. I myself visited one of the most important places of detention and I asked for complaints and invited complaints, but received none. If my hon. Friend has got any cases to bring to my notice I shall inquire into them.

Mr. W. O'BRIEN asked the Prime Minister, in view of his statement that the Irish political prisoners are allowed the ordinary facilities extended to prisoners of war, he will give instructions that all political prisoners incarcerated in connection with the late rebellion in Ireland shall be treated on the same terms as the German prisoners of war are treated in England?

The PRIME MINISTER This was answered yesterday.

Mr. GINNELL (at the end of Questions): In the course of questions your attention, Mr. Speaker, was called to the fact that while you ruled out criticisms of answers, you allowed Ministers to criticise the questions on the Paper, and you appeared to justify that ruling by saying that it was due to the nature of the question on the Paper. The question referred to was No. 10. I hold in my hand a short letter from a gentleman who was in the prison and in the cell on the night preceding the execution. It is only one of the documents of evidence on which this question is based, and no question has been put on the Paper by me without evidence as good, sometimes even better. This gentleman writes: ‘There was no bed, or stretcher of any kind in the cell. There was no clothing, except what Mr. MacDermott wore on his body, and a light raincoat and two extremely small blankets, one of which Mr. MacDermott was obliged to use by rolling it about his boots to form a pillow. Mr. MacDermott specially asked to have Father Augustine, of Church Street, with him while being shot. Father Augustine declares he never got the message.’ So much of the letter applies to the question on the Paper, and it fully justifies the putting of it. It shows that the Minister was not justified in criticising it, and that you were not correct in sustaining him in that. The character of the question on the Paper has no other defect than this, absolute truth, and that it shows to all concerned who are, indeed, the Huns. I invite you and the Minister to justify yourselves.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1916/may/30/prison-treatment-of-rebels
Zie ook http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=4763 (11 mei)
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oprichting van de ‘Proefvliegafdeeling’ in Nederlands-Indië (30 mei 1914)

In Indië is de animo onder de legerleiding voor een vliegdienst aanvankelijk gering. Desondanks wordt op 30 mei 1914 de ‘Proefvliegafdeeling’ opgericht. Aanvankelijk bestaat deze uit drie officieren en vijftien onderofficieren en manschappen. Om kosten te besparen besluit de legerleiding om eerst twee watervliegtuigen aan te schaffen, zodat er niet een apart vliegveld hoeft te worden aangelegd. Op 18 juli 1918 verandert de naam in Vliegafdeeling.

Groei - Voor de opleidingen worden een vliegschool en een waarnemersschool opgericht. Personeel en materieel groeien in de jaren daarna snel. In 1921 bestaat de Vliegafdeeling al uit 164 man.

Onderdeel van het KNIL - In datzelfde jaar wordt de Indische vliegdienst officieel onderdeel van het KNIL en krijgt het weer een nieuwe naam: Luchtvaartafdeeling.

http://www.defensie.nl/nimh/geschiedenis/tijdbalk/1914-1945/oprichting_van_de_proefvliegafdeeling_in_nederlands-indi_(30_mei_1914)
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 30 Mei 2018 7:56, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

RMS Aquitania

De RMS Aquitania was een 275 meter lang passagiersschip van de Cunard Line. Ze was gebouwd bij John Brown and Company. Ze werd te water gelaten op 21 april 1913, haar eerste reis begon op 30 mei 1914, toen ze voor het eerst naar New York voer. De Aquitania was het derde grote luxe passagiersschip in de Cunard Line.

Het heeft tijdens de oorlogsjaren miljoenen soldaten vervoerd. Ze heeft beide oorlogen overleefd en ze is na de oorlogsjaren weer in dienst gekomen van de Cunard Line. De Aquitania werd na de Tweede Wereldoorlog een mooi schip genoemd. Ze heeft meer dan 450 reizen gemaakt. Haar laatste reis was geen prettige reis, door het slechte weer verslapte de constructie van het schip. Een piano viel dwars door de vloeren op de eetzaal, ook werd er gevreesd dat een pijp van de Aquitania door het schip zou storten. Hierbij was het definitief het einde voor de Aquitania in Schotland, 1950.

Lees verder op http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Aquitania
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Americans Aid French Students - May 30, 1915 - NY Times

http://www.iment.com/maida/family/mother/vicars/americansaidfrenchartists5-30-1915.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Charles Hamilton Sorley

Charles H. Sorley (1895-1915) werd in Aberdeen, Schotland, geboren, waar zijn vader hoogleraar Wijsbegeerte was. Het gezin verhuisde in 1900 naar Cambridge, Engeland, waar zijn vader ook weer professor werd. Hij bezocht het befaamde Marlborough College, een ‘public school’ (dure kostschool), waar hij een uitstekend debater was en de poëzieprijs won. Hij won een beurs voor University College, Oxford en zou daar gaan studeren, maar eerst ging hij, voor de taal, naar Duitsland, naar Mecklenburg en naar de universiteit van Jena in Pruisen.

Toen de oorlog uitbrak werd hij geïnterneerd in Trier en de volgende dag vrijgelaten met de instructie onmiddellijk het land te verlaten. In Engeland nam hij dienst bij het Suffolk Regiment als 2e luitenant en op 30 mei 1915 ging hij, als luitenant, naar het Frankrijk en Vlaanderen, waar hij bij Ploegsteert vocht. In augustus werd hij kapitein. Op 13 oktober werd hij, bij Loos, door een sluipschutter in het hoofd geschoten. Hij werd snel begraven. Zijn graf bleef onbekend en zijn naam staat vermeld op de muur (Loos Memorial to the Missing) van Dud Corner Cemetery. Volgens één bron vond men het bovenstaande gedicht op zijn lichaam, volgens een andere bron waren er 37 gedichten (inclusief het bovenstaande) in zijn uitrusting. In 1916 werd de bundel Marlborough and Other Poems uitgegeven, die vier drukken beleefde.

Robert Graves (‘Goodbye to All That’, ‘ I, Claudius’, maar ook dichter) vond Sorley één van de drie grote ‘war poets’ die tijdens de oorlog sneuvelden. De andere twee waren Rosenberg en Owen.

Lees verder op http://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/corner/sorley.html

His poems, 37 of which were complete, were found in his kit following his death, and Marlborough and Other Poems was published posthumously in 1916, and went through four editions.

When You See Millions Of The Mouthless Dead (1915)
When you see millions of the mouthless dead
Across your dreams in pale battalions go,
Say not soft things as other men have said,
That you'll remember. For you need not so.
Give them not praise. For, deaf, how should they know
It is not curses heaped on each gashed head?
Nor tears. Their blind eyes see not your tears flow.
Nor honour. It is easy to be dead.
Say only this, "They are dead." Then add thereto,
"yet many a better one has died before."
Then, scanning all the overcrowded mass, should you
Perceive one face that you loved heretofore,
It is a spook. None wears the face you knew.
Great death has made all this for evermore
.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/poetsandprose/sorley.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Accident Pfalz D.III , 30 May 1918

"Shot down by air ace Alfred Atkey flying his Bristol F.2b (B1253)"

Een "accident"?? https://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=143436
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Jutland, 30th May to 1st June, 1916. Official dispatches with appendixes

http://www.archive.org/details/battleofjutland300grearich
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 20:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Honor the brave Memorial Day, May 30, 1917.

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3g08122/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Daily Twitter, 30 May 1918

Omschreven als een "daily family newsletter". Totaal briljant concept. Lezen!

https://digitalarchive.mcmaster.ca/islandora/object/macrepo%3A18982#page/1/mode/2up
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Troupe d'Operette Française "Rigoletto", Théâtre du Camp Harderwijk 30-5-1917

http://www.collectiegelderland.nl/musea/stadsmuseum-harderwijk/voorwerp-P-05440
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

S.S. Waneta, torpedoed 30th May 1918

En route from Halifax, N.S. for Queenstown, Ireland, she was torpedoed by German submarine U-101 and sunk when 42 miles SSE from Kinsale Head, Ireland. 8 lives were lost of the 123 people on board.

https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/community/5012
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

"Flowers Of France". Decoration Poem For Soldiers' Graves, Tours, France, May 30, 1918
by Ella Wheeler Wilcox, 1850-1919

Flowers of France in the Spring,
Your growth is a beautiful thing;
But give us your fragrance and bloom,
Yea, give us your lives in truth,
Give us your sweetness and grace
To brighten the resting-place
Of the flower of manhood and youth,
Gone into the dust of the tomb.

This is the vast stupendous hour of Time,
When nothing counts but sacrifice and faith,
Service and self-forgetfulness. Sublime
And awful are these moments charged with death
And red with slaughter. Yet God's purpose thrives
In all this holocaust of human lives.

I say God's purpose thrives. Just in the measure
That men have flung away their lust for gain,
Stopped in their mad pursuit of worldly pleasure,
And boldly faced unprecedented pain
And dangers, without thinking of the cost,
So thrives God's purpose in the holocaust.

Death is a little thing: all men must die;
But when ideals die, God grieves in Heaven.
Therefore I think it was the reason why
This Armageddon to the world was given.
The Soul of man, forgetful of its birth,
Was losing sight of everything but earth.

Up from these many million graves shall spring
A shining harvest for the coming race.
An Army of Invisibles shall bring
A glorified lost faith back to its place.
And men shall know there is a higher goal
Than earthly triumphs for the human soul.

They are not dead—they are not dead, I say,
These men whose mortal forms are in the sod.
A grand Advance-Guard marching on its way,
Their Souls move upwards to salute their God!
While to their comrades who are in the strife
They cry, "Fight on! Death is the dawn of life."

We had forgotten all the depth and beauty
And lofty purport of that old true word
Deplaced by pleasure—that old good word duty.
Now by its meaning is the whole world stirred.
These men died for it; for it, now, we give,
And sacrifice, and serve, and toil, and live.

From out our hearts had gone a high devotion
For anything. It took a mighty wrath
Against great evil to wake strong emotion,
And put us back upon the righteous path.
It took a mingled stream of tears and blood
To cut the channel through to Brotherhood.

That word meant nothing on our lips in peace:
We had despoiled it by our castes and classes.
But when this savage carnage finds surcease
A new ideal will unite the masses.
And there shall be True Brotherhood with men—
The Christly Spirit stirring earth again.

For this our men have suffered, fought, and died.
And we who can but dimly see the end
Are guarded by their spirits glorified,
Who help us on our way, while they ascend.
They are not dead—they are not dead, I say,
These men whose graves we decorate to-day.

America and France walk hand in hand;
As one, their hearts beat through the coming years:
One is the aim and purpose of each land,
Baptised with holy water of their tears.
To-day they worship with one faith, and know
Grief's first Communion in God's House of Woe.

Great Liberty, the Goddess at our gates,
And great Jeanne d'Arc, are fused into one soul:
A host of Angels on that soul awaits
To lead it up to triumph at the goal.
Along the path of Victory they tread,
Moves the majestic cortège of our dead.

Flowers of France in the Spring,
Your growth is a beautiful thing;
But give us your fragrance and bloom—
Yea, give us your lives in truth,
Give us your sweetness and grace
To brighten the resting-place
Of the flower of manhood and youth,
Gone into the dust of the tomb
.

http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/40180-Ella-Wheeler-Wilcox--Flowers-Of-France--Decoration-Poem-For-Soldiers--Graves--Tours--France--May-30--1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First Republic of Armenia: Declaration of Independence (May 30, 1918)

DECLARATION

In view of the complete political collapse of the Trans-Caucasus and the new situation created by the proclamation of the independence of Georgia and Azerbaijan, the Armenian National Council declares itself the supreme and sole administration of the Armenian provinces. Due to certain grave circumstances that prevent us from forming an Armenian National Government, the Armenian National Council temporarily assumes all governmental functions in order to pilot the political and administrative leadership of the Armenian provinces.
Armenian National Council
May 30, 1918


http://arfarchives.org/?p=496
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Her Adopted Son by Norman Rockwell, May 30, 1918 Issue of Life Magazine

An alternate title for this picture is Soldier in European Home.

This was the seventh cover by Rockwell to appear on Life Magazine. A Rockwell illustration appeared on the Life magazine cover a total of ten times in 1918 and twenty-eight times in all.

Norman Rockwell painted this picture of an American soldier being welcomed and accepted into a European home.

The little girl in this painting is mending the hat of the American soldier. From our vantage point, we can not see why it needs repairing. This little girl is concentrating very hard, though, as is the soldier was her son.

The soldier, for his part, is intensely watching the girl sew on the hat. Perhaps he is taking mental notes, trying to learn how to sew. Possibly this is the same soldier featured on the June 13 Life cover. Maybe he did learn to sew after all.

The girl's father or, more likely, her grandfather is also pictured in the painting. He is enjoying a glass of wine by the fire. He is also amused by the scene unfolding in his dining room. He appears to be watching the soldier learning to sew.

The only character in the picture looking at us, the audience, is the family cat. Rockwell painted very few European home scenes without a pet of some kind, usually a cat. Rockwell painted his ideas as real as possible, so we can safely assume that a cat in the home was the norm in World War One Europe.

http://www.best-norman-rockwell-art.com/norman-rockwell-life-magazine-cover-1918-5-30-her-adopted-son.html
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS - 30 MAY 1918

MAYALL, Sgt David, son of Capt Geo Mayall, Valley Rd, Mt Eden, has been awarded the Military Medal. Whilst a patient in hospital in October 1917 he voluntarily acted as a donor for blood transufision with the object of saving the life of a comrade.

GWILLIAM, Gunner G W A, 21, son of G W A Gwilliam, Wanganui Avenue, Ponsonby, who has been awarded the Military Medal, has been on active service since the outbreak of the war, at the age of 17 ½ . Before the war he was with the locomotive branch of the Railway Dept.

The youngest member of the Auckland Returned Soldiers’ Assn is a lad of about 16 ½ years of age. He is a native of Australia and enlisted in the Australian forces about two years ago. He got as far as Egypt and after being over 18 months on active service, he was discharged on account of his youth. The boy, who looks about two years older than his years, has come to NZ with the object of enlisting in the Dominion force if possible. He was admitted as a member of the Returned Soldiers’ Assn this week.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/awn30may1918.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1918 → Commons Sitting → PRISONERS OF WAR.

HAGUE AGREEMENT.


HC Deb 30 May 1918 vol 106 c948 948

Mr. ALBION RICHARDSON asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether it is the intention of the Government to endeavour to secure the repatriation of our soldiers of all ranks who are prisoners of war in Germany on the lines of the agreement recently concluded between Germany and France; whether any and what steps have already been taken by the Government to this end; and within what time they anticipate the necessary agreement with Germany will be concluded?

Mr. HUME-WILLIAMS asked the hon. Member for Sheffield (Central Division) whether efforts are being made to induce Germany to consent to an enlargement of The Hague Agreement, which now provides for the internment of officers and non-commissioned officers in Holland who have been prisoners in Germany for eighteen months, so as to include also men who have no non-commissioned rank; what is the present state of the negotiations; and whether a conference on the subject is to be held with German delegates and how soon?

Mr. JAMES HOPE (Lord of the Treasury) I regret that I am not at present in a position to add to the statement made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the subject on Tuesday.

Mr. RICHARDSON Have the Government yet nominated delegates?

Mr. HOPE They have not yet nominated delegates, but I understand they will do so shortly.

Mr. RICHARDSON Will the House of Commons have an opportunity of considering the appointments before they become effective, and will Lord Newton be included?

Mr. SPEAKER Notice should be given of that question.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/may/30/hague-agreement
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 21:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SS Ausonia, sunk 30 May 1918

SS Ausonia was torpedoed and sunk over 300 miles off the coast of Ireland. Some of the crew escaped in small boats but a couple of these craft became separated from the main group. All the boats had only a limited supply of biscuits and drinking water. In a series of notes to his wife, mother and children that were read as evidence at his inquest, Laurie (Lawrence) Curtis told how those in one of the boats that drifted away from the rest died of thirst. I have used the CWGC date of death for Laurie but his messages indicate his true date of death was 8 June or later. This community remembers all of those who died and some of the survivors.

https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/community/4793
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2011 22:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The meaning of Memorial Day
By Claudine Zap

Officially, Memorial Day, observed on the last Monday of May (this year it's May 30), honors the war dead. Unofficially, the day honors the start of summer. (More on that in a moment.)

The upcoming three-day weekend has prompted searches on Yahoo! for "when is memorial day," "what is memorial day," and "memorial day history." The day was originally known as "Decoration Day" because the day was dedicated to the Civil War dead, when mourners would decorate gravesites as a remembrance.

The holiday was first widely observed on May 30, 1868, when 5,000 people helped decorate the gravesites of 20,000 Union and Confederate soldiers buried at Arlington National Cemetery. (Some parts of the South still remember members of the Confederate Army with Confederate Memorial Day.)

After World War I, the observances were widened to honor the fallen from all American wars--and in 1971, Congress declared Memorial Day a national holiday.

Towns across the country now honor military personnel with services, parades, and fireworks. A national moment of remembrance takes place at 3 p.m. At Arlington National Cemetery, headstones are graced with small American flags.

This day is not to be confused with Veterans Day, which is observed on November 11 to honor military veterans, both alive and dead.

However, confusion abounds anyway, with the weekend marking for many the kickoff of summer, and it is reserved for weekend getaways, picnics, and sales. Searches on "memorial day sales," "memorial day recipes," and "memorial day weekend" are just some of the lookups related to the festivities.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/yblog_upshot/20110526/us_yblog_upshot/the-meaning-of-memorial-day
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 7:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1918 - Richard O'Connor was Mentioned in Despatches

Richard Nugent O'Connor was born in the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir, British India in 1889. His father was a major in the Royal Irish Fusiliers, and his mother was the daughter of a former governor of India's central provinces. In England, United Kingdom, he attended Tonbridge Castle School in 1899 in Tonbridge, Kent; The Towers School in 1902 in Crowthorne, Berkshire; Wellington College in 1903 in Crowthorne, Berkshire; and the Royal Military College in 1908 in Sandhurst, Berkshire. He was commissioned a junior officer with the 2nd Battalion of the Cameronians regiment of the British Army in Sep 1909. In Jan 1910, he was assigned to Colchester, Essex, England for signals and rifle training. Between 1911 and 1912, he was assigned to Malta as a Regimental Signals Officer. During WW1, he served with the 7th Division, seeing action at Arras and Bullecourt in France and Piave River area in Italy, and was awarded the Military Cross, the Distinguished Service Order with Bar, and the Italian Silver Medal of Military Valor. After WW1, he was reverted to his permanent rank of captain.

https://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=5
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 7:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lest We Forget Her: Canadian women who have died in service

Baldwin - Dorothy Mary Yarwood - Canadian Army Nursing Service - 30 May 1918

http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/those-who-served/women-and-war/fallen?filterYr=1918
Complete PDF: http://www.veterans.gc.ca/pdf/remembrance/information-for/educators/women-in-war/fallen-women-eng.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Evening Despatch - Wednesday 30 May 1917

BUILDING TRADE WAGES - BIRMINGHAM WAR BONUS APPLICATION REFUSED

An application has been made to the Birmingham Employers’ Association on behalf of employees engaged in the building trade for another 3d. per hour war bonus. The workers include those engaged as carpenters, joiners, wood fitting machinists, masons, plumbers, slaters and tilers, builders’ labourers, and navvies, the total number of men affected being between 6,000 and 7,000. It is stated that the building trade operatives of Birmingham have only received an advance of 1 1/2d. per hour on pre-war rates, which is equivalent to about 6s. week.

A meeting has been held between the operatives’ representatives and the employers, and the reply which has been, received from the Employers’ Association states that it is regretted that the application cannot be acceded to.

Resolutions have been passed at various branch meetings, and the “Evening Despatch” is officially informed that the position will be considered at a mass meeting to be held in Smithfield Market on Sunday morning next at 11 o’clock.

http://www.voicesofwarandpeace.org/2017/05/30/on-this-day-30-may-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

May 1917 | Remembering Macclesfield's Great War

Nathan Bradley, Private 277624, 2/7th Battalion, Manchester Regt Died 30th May 1917 in France, aged 38.

Private Nathan Bradley is buried in grave ref. J. 52 of the Cambrin Military Cemetery, France. His wife asked for the words THY WILL O LORD BE DONE to be added to his headstone. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission holds casualty details for Private Nathan Bradley, and he is listed on the Imperial War Museum’s Lives of the First World War website.

Locally, Private Nathan Bradley is commemorated on the war memorial plaque below the memorial window in All Saints Church, Siddington.

Brother of John Bradley, who served with the Cheshire Regiment and died in August 1915.

http://macclesfieldreflects.org.uk/1917/05/30/bradley-nathan/ via http://macclesfieldreflects.org.uk/yr1917/may-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

de Putron, Lt.-Colonel C., Military document, 30 May 1917

Description: "2/15th Battalion London Regiment (P.W.O.) Civil Service Rifles. Operation Order No. 42"; issued to W. Bailey.

http://digitalcollections.mcmaster.ca/pw20c/de-putron-lt-colonel-c-military-document-30-may-1917-0
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 MAY, 1917: ALL GUTS, NO GLORY

Offensive warfare can be seen as strategically desirable, as a means of overcoming opposition to getting what you want. It can also be seen as psychologically necessary, a means of venting fear, anger, outrage, jealousy, simple hatred or any other negative emotion. Chuck in the simple need for self-protection that defines defensive warfare, and you have the motivations behind pretty much every military activity during the First World War – except the long fight for unchallenged possession of colonial East Africa. That had become an example of war for war’s sake.

The East African campaign began as a standard case of strategically desirable offensive warfare, as the British Empire sought to expand its colonial interests in Africa at the expense of German colonies all over the continent. By the time the Empire’s latest theatre c-in-c, South African general Jaap van Deventer, took up his new command on 30 May 1917, the campaign had become a saga. That was because a small, brilliantly organised force of German and native troops, led by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, had been leading an ever-expanding British pursuit on an epic wild goose chase for almost three years.

Lettow-Vorbeck was still at large in the spring of 1917, still defying all attempts to capture, wipe out or even permanently subdue his elusive columns, and still performing military wonders for the sole purpose of keeping the fight going. His justification for waging war for war’s sake was a desire to divert as many Allied resources as possible from fronts that had more strategic value, and the British high command had obliged by pouring men and machines into the theatre in ever-increasing numbers.

Sketchily, and without ever really getting across how Lettow-Vorbeck’s Robin Hood act made the British look like the Sheriff of Nottingham, I’ve already covered East Africa until the departure of Jan Smuts as British c-in-c in January 1917. I’ve given a nod to at least some of its crazy-paving sideshows (15 June, 1915: Do So, Mister Allnut), and I’ve banged on at length about the destructiveness of the whole pointless exercise. It killed a lot of people, it permanently degraded a hitherto fertile, relatively comfortable part of Africa, it dragged third parties (like Portugal and the people of other African colonies) into a war they really didn’t need… and I’m not planning to repeat the long versions of all that. I am planning to take the story a little further, and to follow it into another one of its weird backwaters.

Once he took over in January 1917, new British c-in-c General Hoskins spent the next four and a half months reorganising supply and communications systems, which had been left in a terrible mess by the autumn campaigns. A particularly heavy rainy season, along with desperate food shortages and the loss of about 20 percent of his (largely African) strength to disease, prevented any kind of offensive action, and his requests for reinforcements quickly made him unpopular in London, where Smuts had fostered the illusion that the East African campaign was all but won (16 March, 1916: Alien Invasion).

After South African premier Botha had refused to send further reinforcements north, Hoskins was removed and Deventer, a veteran of the campaign and a trusted colleague of Smuts, returned to East Africa to become the tenth British c-in-c in the theatre since 1914. South African reinforcements were duly supplied, and Deventer (who spoke no English and needed an interpreter to deal with most of his subordinates) took over the process of building up and organising imperial forces for a summer offensive aimed at finally defeating Lettow-Vorbeck, rather than at occupying territory and calling it a victory.

Deventer did, however, face one immediate operational challenge. In a miniature mirror of the campaign as a whole, a single enemy unit was busy making a mockery of the claim that Smuts had reduced the theatre to ‘mopping up’ operations.

Lettow-Vorbeck had escaped Smuts the previous autumn by fleeing into the swamps of the Rufugi Delta, in the southeast of the old German colony, where his forces survived on improvised rations and supplies, completely cut off from contact with Germany but safe from faltering British efforts to trap them. They were still there on 6 February, when part of one of Lettow-Vorbeck’s columns – a force of about 700 native troops, or askaris, accompanied by a handful of German troops, several hundred bearers and three light field guns – broke away from the main body and marched north into British-held territory.

Their commander, Captain Max Wintgens, launched the expedition without official sanction from Lettow-Vorbeck, against the explicit orders of his immediate superior (who retreated further south at the same time), and for reasons that have never been made clear. He may have been responding to askari requests to fight closer to home, to an urgent need to find new food supplies or to a simple personal dislike of Lettow-Vorbeck, but his maverick moment turned out pretty well from the point of view of anyone waging war for war’s sake.

After conducting a few local skirmishes, Wintgenns led his force northwest towards the northern end of Lake Nyasa and the town of Tabala. Meeting and defeating a combined South African and British colonial force on the way, it besieged Tabala from 18 February, but was driven off by a British relief column on 22 February. His strength down to 450 men, 11 machine guns and two field pieces, Wintgens made a series of feinting manoeuvres to escape pursuit, and had almost reached the relatively fertile and undamaged region around Lake Rukwa before the British re-established contact in mid-March.

An attack by one British battalion on 17 March threatened to trap Wintgens at the mission of St. Moritz, which was hemmed by swollen rivers on two sides, but a counterattack on 20 March saw the British camp surrounded. Though Wintgens abandoned the position after a British relief force arrived on 26 March, he used the delay forced on the British evacuate his entire force from St. Moritz, using improvised rafts to cross the rivers, by 3 April.

Too short of supplies to pursue, the British drafted extra troops into the region and requested the help of Belgian forces from the Congo, while Wintgens focused on finding food supplies and headed east, before turning north towards Kipembawe. His main force clashed with one of the reinforcing British battalions in late April, driving it back from Kitunda mission and occupying the town on 4 May. By this time Wintgens needed to pause for rest and recuperation, not least because he and many of his European contingent were suffering from typhus, but the arrival of Colonel Murray’s main British pursuit force compelled him to move north again within a week.

Wintgens had become seriously ill by 21 May, when he passed command to Naumann, and he surrendered to Belgian forces on 24 May. Naumann meanwhile had little choice but to keep running, and led his askaris northeast to cross the Central Railway at Mkalama, now pursued by imperial forces that amounted to some 4,000 men. By early June, Deventer was forced to recall Murrray’s regiment in preparation for the British summer offensive, and Belgian units, finally ready for action two months after they were mobilised, took over the hunt for Naumann, who reached the shores of Lake Victoria late that month.

Hampered by poor supplies and lack of reconnaissance aircraft, the Belgians eventually caught up with their prey on 29 June, but were defeated near the lake at Ikoma. Naumann escaped again, this time to the south, and made for Kondoa Irangi and the Central Railway. Once the Belgians had dealt with their severe losses, they spent the next month chasing in vain.

By late August Naumann had eluded or defeated all pursuers to reach the Kilimanjaro area, but the endgame was coming. With Belgian units being withdrawn to take part in the main Allied offensive, now in progress far to the south, the pursuit was again dominated British forces, and the dispatch of British reinforcements by rail compelled Naumann to run southeast. This time, Deventer had attached mounted infantry to join the pursuit, and it made the difference. Desperately short of supplies and unable to outrun the horses, the remnants of Naumann’s column were pinned down at Luita, north of the Central Railway, and surrendered on 2 September. Even then a detachment remained at large, and it took another month before the British finally captured the last 14 Europeans, 150 askaris and 250 bearers.

During the course of a chase lasting almost nine months and covering some 3,000km, what is known as the Wintgens-Naumann Expedition had punched way above its weight when it came to influencing strategic dispositions in the theatre, not just because it attracted pursuit from thousands of troops but also because it forced British commanders to defend all the places it might attack. It had also laid waste to everything in its path that could be of use to the enemy, and had sparked a propaganda tantrum from the British. Faced with such shocking evidence that the East African campaign was not done and dusted, the British had devoted a lot of column inches to publicising tales of atrocities carried out on German orders, a response that forced them to charge Wintgens with murder after his capture – and then to release him for lack of evidence.

These were the achievements that made heroes of the Expedition’s leaders and provided the world with a tale of derring-do, improvisation and endurance that stands with the most stirring military adventures of modern times. Looking back from 2017, and bearing in mind the matrices of pointlessness the Expedition inhabited, they don’t seem to me to amount to anything very positive, more an illustration of the nineteenth-century attitude to warfare – as an essentially ennobling exercise, character-building for individuals and societies – that helped propel the developed world into the catastrophe of 1914.

So why am I bothering to talk about this? First, because it shines what seems to me an interesting light on the weirdness of warfare in East Africa a century ago, and secondly as a rambling but timely reminder that stirring military adventures, especially when carried out for no reason any sane person could possibly call good, inflict just as much death, misery and long-term destruction as the dull ones.

http://poppycockww1.com/east-africa/30-may-1917-all-guts-no-glory/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Captain HAROLD CHARLES FIRTH JEFFCOCK

Age: 31
Regiment/Service: 8th Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment)
Cemetery: TINCOURT NEW BRITISH CEMETERY VII. D. 21.

Captain Jeffcock gave up an important position to join the Army in March, 1915, when he was gazetted to the Sherwood Foresters. He went with his Regiment to Ireland on the outbreak of the rising in April, 1916, where he remained till the following January, when he went to France as Intelligence Officer on the Brigadier-General’s Staff, subsequently rejoining his own Regiment as Adjutant. He was severely wounded at Lempire on May 27th, 1917, and died of his wounds three days later. He was buried at Lincourt.

His Brigadier-General wrote to his widow: “…..What a loss your husband is to the Brigade ! I knew him as well and better than most Officers in the Brigade, during the short time I have been in command of it, and I had the very highest opinion of his capabilities as an Officer.”

His Colonel wrote: “Your husband was doing so well, putting all his energy into his new work and succeeding admirably. I certainly cannot replace him. He had the rare gift of putting his whole heart into any work he was ordered to do, no matter what it was.”

He was wounded by a shell and died of injuries whilst with 2/8th

Shell also severely wounded 2nd lieutenant Curtis and CSM Kitchen. According to the History it was a shell that fell short.

http://eyewitnesstours.com/captain-harold-charles-firth-jeffcock-died-30-may-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Correspondence of Captain Noel Chavasse VC and Bar MC, May 1917 - Jul 1917

Introduction - These letters were sent by Noel Chavasse to his family from the beginning of May 1917 to the end of July 1917. Captain Chavasse died on 4 Aug 1917 of wounds suffered during the Battle of Passchendaele.

Letter from Noel Chavasse to Francis James and Edith Chavasse - 30 May 1917
Noel writes to his mother and father to let them know he is having an easy time of it right now. The men are working long but regular hours, and this, combined with the good weather, means they are in good health. Mentions that he has been trying to get the battalion padre more involved, and offers his thoughts on the conduct of parsons and doctors in the war, whom he sees as being largely idle and ineffective. With regards to parsons, he feels that those back home in the parishes are doing finer work than many of their counterparts on the front. He also offers his thoughts on George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), arguing that men of his ilk would not have performed so well in the face of the Germans as the regular soldiers alongside whom he serves. Sent from Liverpool Scottish.

https://www.spc.ox.ac.uk/about/college-history/noel-chavasse-letters/noel-chavasse-letters-may-1917-jul-1917
Te lezen vanaf https://www.spc.ox.ac.uk/sites/www.spc.ox.ac.uk/files/272.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

V. I. Lenin - Meeting of the Petrograd Committee of the R.S.D.L.P. (Bolsheviks) - MAY 30 (JUNE 12), 1917

Speech Concerning an Organ of the Press for the Petrograd Committee

The desire of the Petrograd Committee to have a press organ of its own is something new as far as the Central Committee is concerned. It is difficult to understand how such a question could have arisen at a time when arrangements are being made for a printing-press of our own and an agreement is about to be reached with the Inter-District group for getting Comrade Trotsky to edit a popular organ.

In the West, in the capitals or big industrial centres, there is no division of the press into local and central organs. Such a division is wasteful and harmful. It is not advisable to have a Petrograd Committee organ apart from the Central Organ. Petrograd, as a separate locality, does not exist. Petrograd is the geographical, political and revolutionary centre of all Russia. The life of Petrograd is being followed by the whole of Russia. Every step of Petrograd’s is a guide line for the whole of Russia. In view of this the life of the Petrograd Committee cannot be treated as a local affair.

Why not accept the Central Committee’s suggestion that a Press Committee be formed? In the history of the press in the West, where such committees have existed, there have of course been occasional misunderstandings between the editorial board and the committee, but these were due entirely to disagreements on policy. What grounds are there for any disagreements on policy between the Petrograd Committee and the Central Committee? Whether we want it or not the organ of the Petrograd Committee will always be the leading organ of the Party.

The experience gained in establishing an organ of its own would quickly convince the Petrograd Committee that it is impossible to confine the paper to local affairs. The Central Committee does not deny the need for giving more space to the Petrograd branch in the newspapers. The Central Committee does not deny the need for a popular organ that would bring our slogans home to the masses. But the establishment of a popular newspaper is a difficult job that calls for considerable experience. That is why the Central Committee is enlisting the services of Comrade Trotsky, who has succeeded in establishing his own popular organ—Russkaya Gazeta.[1]

In the history of the West the question of a popular organ has never been so acute as it is with us. The level of the masses there rose more evenly as a result of the cultural and educational work done by the Liberals. In countries like Bohemia there are such popular organs. The purpose of a popular organ is to elevate the reader to an understanding of the leading party organ. If we do not establish a popular organ other parties will win the masses and use them to speculate with. The popular organ should not be of a local type, but owing to postal difficulties it is bound primarily to serve the needs of Petrograd. In order that local needs be adequately served the Petrograd Committee should secure proper representation on the editorial board of the paper.

Draft Resolutions Introduced At The Meeting Of The Petrograd Committee

First Resolution - The Central Committee is to issue two newspapers in Petrograd—the Central Organ and a popular paper with a single editorial board. The Petrograd Committee is to receive a consultative voice on the editorial board of the Central Organ, and a vote in the popular organ. The Central Committee is to devote a definite number of columns in both papers to items of local interest.

Second Resolution - The Petrograd Committee resolves to co-operate in both papers published by the Central Committee on the conditions proposed by the latter, and to make every effort to serve the needs of local activities more fully and widely and to work out in greater detail the general line of the Party. Having reason to fear that the Central Committee or the editorial board appointed by it may place too much trust in the internationalist comrades who have disagreed with Bolshevism in the past, that the Central Committee may cramp the freedom and independence of action of the local comrades, that the Central Committee may not give them the influence they are entitled to as leaders of local activities, the Petrograd Committee is to elect a committee to formulate precise guarantees of the rights of the Petrograd Committee in the local department of both papers.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/may/30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30th May 1917: Americans Have No Enthusiasm For The War - Enter The Four Minute Men

Pictured: U.S. anti-war leaflet.

"During The First World War the United States fought a war of ideas with unprecedented ingenuity and organisation. President Woodrow Wilson established the Committee on Public Information (CPI) to manage news and solicit widespread support for the war at home and abroad. Under the energetic direction of newspaper editor George Creel, the CPI churned out national propaganda through diverse media. Creel organised the “Four Minute Men,” a virtual army of volunteers who gave brief speeches wherever they could get an audience — in movie theaters, churches, synagogues, and labor union, lodge, and grange halls."

'Americans Have No Enthusiasm For The War'

Two months after President Woodrow Wilson’s call to arms and the entry of the United States into the Great War, “a patriotic state of mind was virtually non-existent in the U.S.,” writes historian Adam Hochschild.

British agents in the U.S. reported back to London that the mood in the U.S. is hardly eager for war. “There is evidence,” that in many localities the people have only entered the war with reluctance and with a feeling of inevitability rather than with any enthusiasm.”

In an exchange between Wilson’s advisers – private secretary Joe Tumulty and confidante Colonel Edward House, “Tumulty nervously informed House that “the people’s righteous wrath seems not to have been aroused.”

In an exchange between Wilson’s advisers – private secretary Joe Tumulty and confidante Colonel Edward House, “Tumulty nervously informed House that “the people’s righteous wrath seems not to have been aroused.”

“The widespread lack of enthusiasm observed by the British ambassador to the U.S. and intelligence chief was obviously not overdrawn.”

What to do? It falls to a man named George Creel. Creel becomes President Wilson’s propaganda chief. He develops many forms of pro-war propaganda. But perhaps the most influential is his creation of groups called the Four-Minute Men.

Four Minute Men-"A Speech of National Importance"

Creel declares with typical exaggeration, “the Four Minute Men had the projectile force of a French 75, the French army’s favorite artillery piece.”

The Four Minute Men engage in many forms of propaganda, but most effective are the speeches they give in thousands of movie theaters across the country.

The Four Minute Men are local orators who deliver four minute speeches in favor of the war either before or after the feature film. The speech is billed as “a subject of national importance.”

The Four Minute Speech quickly catches on, and 75,000 Four Minute Men, spread throughout the country, delivering four minute speeches not only in film theaters, but in lodges and labor union meetings, church halls, lumber camps, and even Native American reservations.

The goal: to deliver, “white-hot war will.” Their first topic focuses on “Universal Service by Selective Draft.” The purpose is to infuse the concept of the draft with “moral uplift,”

And it isn’t simply using patriotic rhetoric in this effort.

Fleming reports, “behind the patriotic rhetoric, a mailed fist was also at work.”

On May 25th, the Los Angeles Times runs a headline: "Death for Treason Awaits Anti-Draft Plotters.”

In a town named Snyder, Texas, seven men are arrested on the 30th May, and charged with seditious conspiracy for “planning to resist conscription by force.”

Similar arrests take place in many states, including Michigan, Illinois, and Washington. Socialists, “anti-war to a man,” were jailed in Detroit and Cleveland.”

The campaign against this “sedition” spreads rapidly. “When two men tried to get a court order to prevent the governor of Missouri from enforcing registration, they also wound up behind bars.”

In New York three men were arrested for passing out anti-draft literature two of them ended up in the federal penitentiary in Atlanta.

Very rapidly the mood across the nation turns poisonous, as the fear of the pro-war and pro-draft movements threatens to spark violence.

In Butte, Montana, demonstrators march with a huge red banner – “Down With War.”, where they were confronted by local militia with fixed bayonets.

Shots are fired and arrests are made. The city is put under martial law.

Note: By the end of the From May 1917-November 1918, around 7,555,190 yes 7.5 million speeches were given in 5,200 communities The topics dealt with the American war effort in the First World War and were presented during the four minutes between reels changing in movie theaters across the country. Also, the speeches were made to be four minutes so that they could be given at town meetings, restaurants, and other places that had an audience. This is an instance of "viral marketing" before its time.

https://www.loc.gov/exhibitions/world-war-i-american-experiences/online-exhibition/over-here/surveillance-and-censorship/four-minute-men/ via
https://www.facebook.com/TheGreatWar191418/posts/1055444434587807
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1916 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: States open debate on compulsory military service

Ever since Britain introduced conscription in March 1916, there has been intense local speculation that Jersey would have to do the same. In a landmark sitting this week, the States confirmed that Jersey would indeed have a compulsory military service law. Quite when it will come into force, however, and just who will be affected, remains unclear.

The debate on 3 June took place under the gaze of packed public galleries. The onlookers heard impassioned statements on how many men from Jersey had already contributed to the war as serving soldiers and sailors or, since August 1914, as volunteers. And yet, the Bailiff reminded everyone, ‘Men are wanted. We must avenge the fallen and fill up the gaps.’

However, as Sir William Vernon pointed out, not everyone could go. It was up to the States to decide which men could be spared and which needed to remain in the Island so that day-to-day life could continue. So while the States agreed to the principle of compulsory military service, it was passed to the Defence Committee to draw up a suitable law that balanced the needs of the Britain and those of the Island.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/30-may-1916
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1916 → Commons Sitting → MILITARY SERVICE.

SCHOOLMASTERS.

Major Sir EDWARD COATES asked the President of the Board of Education whether he will make arrangements for the duration of the War to release masters out of schools who are of serviceable age and replace them by pensioned schoolmasters?

The COMPTROLLER of the HOUSEHOLD (Mr. C. Roberts) My right hon. Friend has asked me to answer this. The local education authorities have been informed that during the War special arrangements for staffing schools may be made, and the Board have reason to believe that large use is being made of the services of teachers who have retired. The selection of such persons in the first place is a matter for the local education authorities and managers of schools.

https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1916/may/30/schoolmasters
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1916 – Richard Willis Fleming's Digital Diary

We had half a dozen camels working most of the morning and moved our camp up closer to the guns. I had a bathe this afternoon, there were some splendid breakers today.

This evening I rode out with the major on a small reconnaissance in front of the barb wire entanglements. We were looking for the best going to take the mobile section out, as one section has got to go out if Railhead is attacked, and get in rear of the Turks.

The Anzac division went out on a big reconnaissance today, they took the mountain battery with them and one subsection of the Ayrshire Horse Battery which is attached to them, also eleven hundred camels with forage and rations. They expect to be out about three days, and hope to get some way beyond Bin El Abd.

Just off to the O.Pip as I am on duty there tonight.

http://generic.wordpress.soton.ac.uk/ww1digitaldiary/2016/05/30/30-may-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Los Angeles Herald, Number 181, 30 May 1916

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Los_Angeles_Herald,_Number_181,_30_May_1916.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Robert Carson to David Lloyd George, 30 May 1916

http://letters1916.maynoothuniversity.ie/diyhistory/items/show/2786
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Colins, Leon, Poster, 30 May 1916

Description: "Ville de Louvain Ordonnance … Stad Leuven Bevel"; City of Louvain Ordinance. Poster re: ration and price of bread

http://pw20c.mcmaster.ca/pw20c/colins-leon-poster-30-may-1916
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Clair Ní Modhráin to Eamonn O'Modhráin, 30 May 1916

Description: This is a letter from Clair Ní Modhráin (b. 1891) to her brother, Eamonn O'Modhráin (Edward Moran) (1881-1954). Eamonn O'Modhráin had been arrested after the Easter Rising and imprisoned, spending time in Wakefield Prison and Frongach Internment Camp. This letter was sent while he was in Wakefield. Eamonn and Clair's brother Lewis (Louis) (1893-1959) was also imprisoned in Wakefield at this time although he was soon released.
Clair writes about letters sent to and received by the family and notes that their mother is 'managing wonderfully well'. She also writes that a 'chap' going over to visit his brother had tried to visit Eamonn but did not succeed.

https://repository.dri.ie/catalog/5999sj17d
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2018 8:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 May 1915 - HELLES

Lieutenant John Hughes Allen, 1st Essex Regiment, 88th Brigade, 29th Division - sent a letter home describing the stressful nature of trench life:

"I had only finished my letter to you half an hour, when at the least expected time of the day the Turks attacked us. I was dozing off when a sentry in the next trench cried out: "Stand to!" In a second we were at the parapet, the men with their rifles, I with my revolver. Three hundred yards away on our half left was a line of Turks, mostly in kneeling fire positions. One I noted in particular with his short beard and long-looking rifle. I must have once seen a picture of something of the sort, for his appearance and position were curiously familiar to me. It was a relief to hear the rifles bang around one. The ##### regiment had a few men out on a small trench or dugout in advance of us. They retired when about 1,000 Turks appeared in front of them. Some were killed, others reached our trench. One soldier about seventeen years old reached my part of the trench. I have never seen a human being so overpowered by his feelings. He was beset by a mixture of terror, courage, exhaustion, and resolve. He wanted to stay in the dugout and beat the Turks off his own bat, but everyone had gone. Running back 200 yards, he fell, but by a miracle escaped being shot. I was observing the country in front with all the intensity I could, but I responded sufficiently to what he said. He begged for water. All the afternoon he could hardly pull the trigger of his rifle, but he never lost his gameness. You can't make soldiers of seventeen fight day after day and retain their efficiency. All that long afternoon I was supported, by his courage. Messages passed down the line. We were told people on our right were retiring, and then that the Manchesters had returned to their position: - Manchester! Do you remember years ago my writing and saying: "I hate Manchester?" I hasten to withdraw all that now! And then the Turks began to advance from the cover of a rise in single file. They didn't carry on long, for we killed them all. One officer in smart khaki drill and sun-helmet - the drill was the pattern of the sort I rejected as too conspicuous - advanced at an easy trot, as though he was catching a train. He came within a hundred yards of our trench, and then fell riddled with bullets. Respect him as a brave Turkish gentleman. I think he meant to take our trench with his walking-stick Possibly he meant to lead a charge, and the men failed to come. Things went well for us at first, for the Turks did not reach us, and failed to take our trench. Friendly big guns from men-of-war bombarded the enemy position. However, they entrenched themselves not far from us. I thought we should counter-charge them. If we had done it early I believe we should have driven them out, but as the afternoon waned the men became utterly exhausted. You see, they have had an unexampled strain. In France you have two days in the trenches and then a relief; our men had been here for twelve, and for the last three days we have been digging or fighting almost continuously. The rifle fire of the enemy is worse than in France; the shell-fire not so bad, and we have nothing like the comforts they have there - no parcels or letters or unshelled bases to retire to. We have no sleep to speak of, and our men are utterly done up."

SOURCE: J. H. Allen quoted by I. Montgomery, John Hugh Allen of the Gallant Company: A Memoir, (London, Edward Arnold, 1919), pp.213-215
http://www.gallipoli-association.org/on-this-day/may/30/
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