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29 mei

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Mei 2006 6:43    Onderwerp: 29 mei Reageer met quote

1916
Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Französische Vorstöße bei Cumières abgewiesen

Großes Hauptquartier, 29. Mai.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Feindliche Monitoren, die sich der Küste näherten, wurden durch Artilleriefeuer vertrieben. Den Flugplatz bei Furnes bewarfen deutsche Flieger erfolgreich mit Bomben.
Auf beiden Ufern der Maas dauert der Artilleriekampf mit unverminderter Heftigkeit an. Zwei schwächliche französische Angriffe gegen das Dorf Cumières wurden mühelos abgewiesen.
Östlicher und Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Nichts Neues.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Neue Erfolge bei Asiago und im Posinatal

Wien, 29. Mai.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Stärkere russische Kräfte versuchten in den letzten Tagen sich durch Laufgräben und Sappen an unsere beßarabische Front heranzuarbeiten Das Feuer unserer Geschütze und Minenwerfer vereitelte die Arbeiten des Feindes.
Sonst nichts von Belang.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Im befestigten Raum von Asiago überschritten unsere Truppen bei Roana das Assatal, warfen den Feind bei Canova zurück und breiteten sich auf den südlichen und östlichen Talhängen aus. Andere Kräfte nahmen nach Überwindung der Befestigungen auf dem Monte Interrotto die Höhen nördlich von Asiago in Besitz. Weiter im Norden sind der Monte Zebio, Monte Zingarella und Corno di Campo Bianco in unseren Händen.
Im oberen Posinatal wurden die Italiener nach hartnäckigem Kampfe aus ihren Stellungen westlich und südlich Battale vertrieben.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Ruhe.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)


Enver Pascha in Bagdad

Enver Pascha
Enver Pascha

Konstantinopel, 29. Mai.
Kriegsminister Enver Pascha, der sich seit einiger Zeit mit zahlreichem Gefolge auf einer Reise durch Anatolien befindet, ist am 25. Mai in Bagdad angekommen, wo er mit großen Ehren empfangen wurde. Die Stadt hatte reichen Flaggenschmuck angelegt. Der Minister besuchte die Grabstätten der mohammedanischen Heiligen und verteilte den Koran. Im Mausoleum Abdul Kadir Keylani wurde eine religiöse Feier abgehalten. Nach einem Bankett im Regierungsgebäude fand ein glänzender Empfang statt. Vor seiner Abreise ließ der Minister eine bedeutende Summe zur Verteilung unter die Armen zurück. 1)


Feindlicher Unterseebootangriff gegen deutsche Handelsdampfer

Kopenhagen, 29. Mai.
"Berlingske Tidende" meldet aus Stockholm: Bei Oxeloesund wurde vorgestern abend vom Meere her heftiges Geschützfeuer gehört, das eine Viertelstunde andauerte. Es rührte von dem Angriff eines feindlichen Unterseebootes auf vier deutsche Erzdampfer her, die von drei deutschen bewaffneten Vorpostenschiffen begleitet waren. Der Angriff mißglückte, das Unterseeboot stellte plötzlich sein Feuer ein. Die sieben deutschen Schiffe passierten gestern vormittag Öland. Es ist unbekannt, aus welchem Grunde das Unterseeboot das Gefecht unvermittelt abbrach. 1)


Die englische Hilfe für Frankreich

London, 29. Mai. (Meldung des Reuterschen Bureaus.)
General Haig sagt in einer Depesche, in der er die Operationen schildert, seit er am 19. Dezember 1915 das Oberkommando über die britischen Streitkräfte übernahm: Die einzige größere Offensive des Feindes während dieser Periode war gegen unsere französischen Verbündeten bei Verdun gerichtet. Während dieses ganzen Kampfes waren meine Truppen bereit mitzuwirken, wenn sie gebraucht würden, aber die einzige Unterstützung, die von unseren Verbündeten verlangt wurde, war mittelbarer Natur, nämlich die Ablösung der französischen Truppen auf einem Teil ihrer Verteidigungsfront. Die Durchführung der Ablösung auf einer ausgedehnten Front, überall in unmittelbarer Nähe des Feindes, war ein etwas heikles Unternehmen, wurde aber mit vollkommenem Erfolge durchgeführt. An der britischen Front kam es während der letzten fünf Monate zu keinem größeren Kampf. Die britischen Streitkräfte sind durch die Ankunft neuer Formationen von Hause und durch die Verlegung anderer Truppen, die im nahen Osten abgelöst wurden, beträchtlich vermehrt worden. Diese Vermehrung ermöglichte die Ablösung einer französischen Armee während der Schlacht von Verdun. Unter den neu angekommenen Truppen befindet sich ein australisches Korps und mit ihm die Kanadier sowie ein Teil der Südafrikaner. Seit dem letzten Berichte haben die Indier dieses Land zum Dienste im Osten verlassen. 1)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 7:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

May 29, 1915 - Saturday Evening Post

(...) The highlight of the issue was "For King and Country: I Nibble Them" by mystery and short fiction writer Mary Roberts Rinehart, who was also a war correspondent in World War I.

Rinehart writes from the battlefield of Ypres where she mingled with the French soldiers in the trenches. The article contains a lot of dialogue between herself and the soldiers such as the Captain's response to her wondering why the soldiers were so cheerful one morning: "They have been in a very bad place all night...They are glad to be here, they say." "You mean that they have been in a dangerous place?" Rinehart asks, to which the soldiers' response was laughter and a few proffering their caps forward to display bullet holes. "You see," the Captain said, "it was not a comfortable night. But they are here, and they are content."

Rinehart mentions how she was told that the horses were American like her, and by the end of the article she seems to comfort in this fact. When a battery is fired she is concerned that it is being done to show off for her, but the soldiers assure her that they were firing to disable a German battery which had been located. Rinehart writes:

"There is a curious feeling that comes with the firing of a large battery at an unseen enemy. One moment the air is still; there is a peaceful plain round. The sun shines, and heavy cart horses, drawing a wagon filled with stones for repairing a road, are moving forward steadily. their heads down, their feet sinking deep in the mud. The next moment all hell breaks loose. The great guns stand with smoking jaws. The message of death has gone forth. Over beyond the field and that narrow line of trees, what has happened? A great noise, the furious recoiling of the guns, an upcurling of smoke--that is the firing of a battery."

I thought that paragraph was well-written and gave a good feeling of what Rinehart saw over there. The article is filled with descriptive entries such as this. Another portion that I particularly like is when Rinehart explored the trenches, of which she wrote:

"It was odd to stand there in the growing dusk, looking across to where was the invading army, only a little over three thousand feet away. It was rather horrible to see that beautiful landscape, the untraveled road ending in the line of poplars, so very close, where were the French outposts, and the shining water just beyond, and talk so calmly of the death that was waiting for the first Germans who crossed the canal"

The Captain told her, "They represent the latest fashion in trenches!" as he showed her around. Rinehart took in all of the details, the mud and water, the barbed-wire rabbit trap (shown at right), and then: "Suddenly the rabbit trap and the trench became unspeakably loathsome to me. What a mockery this business of killing men!" She writes of her German gardener, Wilhelm, and reasons how easily he could have been here, could have been the enemy, had he delayed coming to America to be her gardener. She reflects on his smile and other things that she likes about him, and she knows he was a loyal German citizen when he was here, knows that he was a Sergeant in the German Army for five years, and then realizes how many more Germans are like her Wilhelm, except that they are still in Germany. Rinehart injects some patriotism into her argument writing of the many Wilhelms: "Men who have followed the false gods of their country with the ardent blue eyes of supreme faith." Somewhat disgusted, she soon then says, "I asked to be taken home."

The Mary Roberts Rinehart article surely had to be the most exciting part of this issue then as it was now. With America a couple of years from entering the conflict, Rinehart presented them with a detailed and realistic, though perhaps at times romantic, picture of the war from one of its most central battlefields.

http://www.things-and-other-stuff.com/magazines/1915-saturday-evening-post.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 7:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Saturday 29th May 1915- Dairy of HV Reynolds

‘One of our mates C. Abbot was killed at 5pm, he was wounded by shrapnel and died almost immediately. He was buried in the Hell Spit burial ground at 7pm. The enemy mined our trenches at Courtney’s Post and exploded it early this morning, they followed it up with an infantry attack but it was an absolute failure as far as they were concerned, for they suffered rather heavy casualties and I saw one batch of 16 prisoners being brought down after it was over. Our casualties were not very heavy. Our planes have been very active all day.’

http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2010/05/29/saturday-29th-may-1915-dairy-of-hv-reynolds/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 7:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australia and the Gallipoli Campaign

29 May 1915 - The Turks attacked and broke into Quinn's Post after exploding a mine close to the Australian front line. After heavy fighting the enemy was driven out and the position restored. During the fighting Major Hugh Quinn, 15th Battalion (Queensland, Tasmania), of Charters Towers and Townsville, Queensland, after whom the post was named, was killed.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/australia-gallipoli-campaign/may-1915.html

Quinn, Hugh (1888 - 1915)

Quinn (...) enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and became commander of 'C' company, 15th Battalion, a unit of the 4th Infantry Brigade commanded by Colonel (Sir) John Monash, which embarked for Egypt on 22 December.

Quinn's company landed at Gallipoli on 26 April 1915, the day after the rest of the battalion, and although involved in skirmishing in the next two days were mainly engaged in digging a communication trench up the valley. On the 29th Quinn was ordered to hold a position at the head of Monash Valley which rose abruptly and precipitously to about 150 feet (46 m) above the valley floor and was the apex of the front-line triangle, whose base rested on Anzac Cove. The position, a string of disconnected shallow rifle-pits less than ten yards (9 m) below the crest line, with a frontage of 150 yards (137 m), was the key to Anzac as it was the only possible defence of the main supply route from the beach. Of all positions held by Australian troops in all wars it was probably the most dangerous as it was exposed on two sides, a portion of its rear was open to aimed fire, and in some places the front lines were only ten yards (9 m) apart. The position became known as Quinn's Hill and Quinn's Corner before it was called Quinn's Post.

It was not possible to dig or move during the day unless under attack, and the crest itself could only be occupied at night. The Turks not only had absolute superiority of fire but had extensive supplies of bombs (hand grenades). On 1 May they attacked again and again but were driven off; the defenders' rifles were red hot. Quinn pleaded unavailingly for bombs and a periscope. That day he was promoted major. Under immense strain, he and his men held out for a week before being briefly relieved; thereafter the 15th and 16th Battalions alternated in the post with Quinn no longer in command. On 10 May, however, his company suffered further heavy casualties in a reconnaissance in force by the battalion in front of the post; the initial assault was successful but the Turks' counter-attack could not be withstood.

The position was gradually made safer by extensive sandbagging, roofing and bombproofing of parts of the post, and digging of support trenches; the first jam-tin bombs and periscopes became available. During the massive Turkish general assault on the 19th, Quinn's was in no great danger.

The Turks had been tunnelling, however, and at night early on the 29th blew their mines and occupied part of the post. Quinn signalled by whistle one counter-assault which cleared out the Turks from some of their positions. Colonel (General Sir Harry) Chauvel ordered a further charge, including Quinn's own company, to Quinn personally. It was now daylight and Quinn and other officers believed the Turks could best be removed by infiltration. He secured delay, then after twice placing the whistle to his lips decided to reconnoitre himself. On reaching the trenches he was shot dead. The eventual charge was successful.

Quinn was buried in Shrapnel Valley cemetery. Until the evacuation, Quinn's Post was never taken by the enemy.

http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110329b.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 29 Mei 2010 7:52, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 7:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Edith Elizabeth Appleton Diaries

Edie is at Casualty Clearing Station No. 3 near Ypres

[May] 29th [1915] 1 a.m. I should just like to describe my surroundings. You know we are in the asylum, a huge building on the top of a high hill, overlooking pretty country. Well now - I have spent the last hour standing on a table in the bunk, looking at the night, the full moon is facing this way, slowly setting in a sky brilliant with stars and softened by a few light clouds. The land all looks black, hills and trees standing silhouetted clear against the sky, the horizon is alive, with the battle rockets are shooting up, guns firing, and the star lights - that shew up where the trenches are, shoot up and float gracefully down. I can distinctly hear rifle fire too - crackling in the distance. Inside the asylum I can hear the peaceful slumber of the officers orderly, there are only two sick officers and they are all right, so I shall not wake him up. Peace reigns. I have only 6 patients down stairs, and they are all fast asleep, either from healthy tiredness or from the kind…

As mentioned at the beginning, this typed volume ends abruptly at this point and we have no idea how many pages are missing. Volume 2 starts just eight weeks later on 25 July 1915 with the words “Just back from 10 perfect days leave…” so the missing pages probably cover a period of about six weeks or less.

http://www.edithappleton.org.uk/Vol1/html/VolText.asp
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 7:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Fred Garrett War Diary

29 May 1915 Saturday - Great bust up last night, or rather this morning. It commenced at about 3.00 am. Mining operation has been much in the air in the region of Quinn's Post lately on both sides and a general attack was heralded by the Turks blowing up and dislodging our fellows from the trenches on Quinns. It simply rained bombs and the rattle of rifles and machine guns and the banging swishing and whining of shrapnel made an appalling din. We took no active part in the action although we manned the inner defenses and had several casualties from shrapnel.

The gallant 16th were ordered to retake the trench, which they did, cornering a lot of the Turks in a position where our artillery almost wiped them out. About a couple of dozen prisoners, a joyous looking throng as they marched down the track, were taken and I hear we had 25 killed.

The Turks must have lost very heavily because there was more of them than that taken from our recaptured trench. I saw a big heap of their dead lying at the foot of the position. Major Quinn was killed, he was rashly sitting on the edge of our trenches throwing bombs they say.

Many buzzes are going around today and first class "latrines" at that:-
First. Austria has caved in.
Second: The Tommies have captured Aitchi Bahr or what ever they call that Turkish Gibraltar, which has been the stumbling block down at Cape Helles.

The New Zealanders are said to have done good work last night and captured one of the Turks trenches. The right flank seems to be easily holding their own. One of the chaps was telling me that when they retook Quinn's Post they collared the tobacco and cigarettes from the dead Turks prior to tossing them out. It was a memorable night and I will never forget it any way.

I hear that the bullet, which caught Major Fulton, touched something called the pleura and that therefore it will take more time before he is fit again. It was unfortunate losing two of our leading officers on the first day we entered the trenches. Major Fulton 2nd in command and Captain Lewis O/C of C Squadron, neither dangerously wounded I hear though.

General Bridges is dead. The bullet which struck his leg severed an artery.
"Peninsular Press" published down at Cape Helles gives us some extracts from Turkish General Orders and I can remember this much.

"Battalion Chaplains 'Inmans' are to keep up the courage or morale of the men
and to encourage them before they are going into action. If any man does not
advance when he is told to or hangs back, or halts before his goal is reached will be straight away shot down. Machine Guns will be placed in the rear of advancing troops and will be turned on to any men who turn back"

So much for Turkish morale. One thing the fighting of last night settled any Turkish snipers who were in the vicinity of Quinns and the roadway today had been much safer.

A fine big sap has been constructed down to the beach with a connecting sap to the wear tanks so that there is really no necessity to use the road except for going short distances.

All our regiment are in the trenches today and I suppose it will be a cow keeping in communication with the different Squadron leaders. The trenches are too narrow for orderlies to move about in them. Am on duty until 5.00am tomorrow.

29 May 1915 Saturday continued….

We are still living well though our rum ration has been cut out. I get much more tobacco than I really want and we have plenty of wholemeal biscuits, bacon, desiccated potatoes and dried vegetables. A few onions, half tin of bully and some desiccated potato make a very decent stew. Alick CHALMERS and I go partners and all the other dugouts the cooking operations and water getting is thus worked out on a joint basis. Some of us are fast qualifying for a position as chef at first class hotels.

It was Eric BELL of Gawler who was smashed up by that "Jack Johnson" and not his namesake from Renmark as I thought.

Bert PEARCE is said to be still alive.

Our aeroplanes are very busy today. The Turks try to hit them with shrapnel and an aeroplane wake is usually marked by a trail of little white snowy smoke balls. If ever they wing one it will be a fluke and will surprise the Turks enormously. The puffs of smoke remains in the air for quite long periods sometimes three of four minutes at a time.

An armoured bi-plane or seaplane circled over the Turkish position tonight and dropped a lot of white objects which took a long while to descend, and were presumably papers of some sort. Probably the news of Austria's surrender. Behind the biplane, stringing out like a white thread could be plainly distinguished the white smoke of her exhausts.

These winged visitors whose nest is over on the opposite island are becoming quite common now and the men are getting that way that they don't think it worth coming out of the dugouts to squiz at them.

http://www.grantsmilitaria.com/garrett/html/may1915.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 7:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

What Sank the Lusitania? from The Scientific American May 29, 1915

What Sank the “Lusitania”? Reproduced in its entirety from The Scientific American, May 29, 1915

In its endeavor to becloud the issue, official Germany has claimed that the ammunition carried by the “Lusitania” contributed largely to the swift sinking of that great ship.

Now this is a technical question, and to anyone who is technically qualified to judge the matter, the explanation offered is, on the face of it, absurd.

This war has proved over and over again that one submarine torpedo of the German type, carrying 420 pounds of high explosive, is sufficient to sink a warship–even a battleship which, exclusive of the double bottom deck, is divided into no less than two hundred and fifty separate watertight compartments, big and small.

The question of the length of time a ship fully subdivided will remain afloat after being torpedoed, depends largely upon where the blow gets home. In the case of a battleship, especially a thoroughly modern ship like the “Audacious,” the blow of a mine ofr a torpedo, in addiiton to the local damage, may so badly shake up and loosen her internal structure, that gradual seepage of water will occur through the bulkheads, and she will eventually sink several hours after the attack. But should the blow strike in the region of a magazine, as in the case of the Russian “Petropavlovsk” and the Japanese “Hatsuse,” the explosion of the torpedo warhead may instantly be succeeded by the far greater explosion of the whole magazine, and the ship, no matter what her size, will go down in two or three minutes’ time.

Now the fact that the “Lusitania” remained afloat eighteen or twenty minutes after being torpedoed completely disproves the assertion of the Germans that her cargo of ammunition exploded–and nobody knows this so perfectly well as Admiral von Tirpitz himself and the subordinate in command of the submarine which sank the ship.

To be convinced of this, let us consider the case of two warships in which the ammunition exploded, and see what happened. In the case of the U.S.S. “Maine,” when the flame and shock of the mine which contributed to her swift sinking reached the forward magazine, they exploded and the enormous force of the gases lifted her forward deck and rolled it back upon the after part of the ship just as one would turn the leaf of a book. Again, take the case of the French battleship “Liberte,” whose forward magazine exploded through deterioration of her smokeless powder. Exactly the same thing happened as in the case of the “Maine,” but on a larger and more destructive scale. The decks of this great ship lying above her magazine were torn loose from the hull, lifted high in air and rolled back, upside down, upon the after part of the ship.

If the cargo of the ammunition carried by the “Lusitania” had been set off by the torpedo which struck her, similar results would have followed. The enormous expansive force of the gases of the explosion would have blown out the sides of the ship above the waterline and torn open her decks above, folding them back upon themselves. Did any such destruction occur? Was there any evidence whatsoever of such an explosion? The very fact that the ship remained afloat as long as she did proves that nothing of the kind happened, and that the ammunition in her hold had no part in the sinking of the ship.

So enormous is the charge of explosive carried by the submarine torpedo of the Germans that the single torpedo which struck her not only tore a vast opening in the outer skin of the ship, but the disruptive effects of the gases let loose under high pressure within her hull structure were sufficient to wreck the inner wall of the side bunkers and produce an immediate and enormous inrush of water, besides loosening up in the frames and bulkheading in the neighborhood of the explosion to such an extent that less than a half an hour was sufficient to put the great ship below the surface.

A battleship not only carries a heavy watertight protective deck, but the underwater portion of the ship below this deck is divided and subdivided transversely and longitudintally until she contains, as we have said, over two hundred and fifty separate watertight compartments, bit and little.

The “Lusitania” contained below the waterline only thirty-four such compartments–and this was all that could be conveniently accommodated within a ship whose primary purpose was for the uses of commerce and not to face the perils of modern submarine warfare. Since she was designed the explosive charge in the warheads of torpedoes, at least of those used on submarines, has been more than doubled. The commander of the German submarine, when he discharged his torpedo at point-blank range and saw it strike home, knew that the “Lusitania” would probably go down fast and long before her helpless passengers could take to the boats. This was expected and so intended by the Imperial German Admiralty.

http://www.things-and-other-stuff.com/vintagemeld/2211/what-sank-the-lusitania-from-the-scientific-american-may-29-1915/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 8:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sir Douglas Haig's Spring 1916 Despatch

The first Despatch of Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, Commander in Chief of the British Armies in France and Flanders. Printed in the Third Supplement to the London Gazette of 29 May 1916. It covered the fighting at the Bluff, St Eloi and other actions of early 1916.

My Lord,—
1. I have the honour to report the operations of the British Forces serving in France and Belgium since 19th December, 1915, on which date, in accordance with the orders of His Majesty's Government, I assumed the Chief Command. (...)

Lees verder op http://www.1914-1918.net/haigs_spring16_despatch.html
(Voor complete tekst, zie ook http://forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=4838 )
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 8:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 May 1916, Commons Sitting

CASUALTIES IN GREAT BRITAIN.


HC Deb 29 May 1916 vol 82 cc2374-5 2374

Mr. KELLAWAY asked the Home Secretary the total number of casualties in Great Britain caused by hostile attacks from the sea and from the air since the outbreak of war up to the present date?

The SECRETARY of STATE for the HOME DEPARTMENT (Mr. Herbert Samuel) The total casualties caused by hostile attacks from the sea and from the air in Great Britain since the outbreak of war up to the present date are as follows: In the three attacks from the sea 141 persons were killed, including 61 men, 40 women, and 40 children, and 611 persons were injured. In the forty-four air raids 409 persons were killed, including 222 men, 114 women, and 73 children, and 1,005 persons were injured. These figures differ slightly from the totals of those published from time to time, owing to the fact that some persons reported as injured subsequently died and a few additional cases of injury of a minor character not known to the police at the time were afterwards reported.

Sir J. WALTON Can the right hon. Gentleman state the number of civilians on the one hand and of military on the other?

Mr. SAMUEL I have not the figures of the number of soldiers and sailors killed, but they were only a comparatively small fraction of the total.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1916/may/29/casualties-in-great-britain
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 8:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. (...)

Kennedy was born at 83 Beals Street in Brookline, Massachusetts on Tuesday, May 29, 1917, at 3:00 p.m.,[9] the second son of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., and Rose Fitzgerald; Rose, in turn, was the eldest child of John "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald, a prominent Boston political figure who was the city's mayor and a three-term member of Congress.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Kennedy
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May 29, 1919: A Major Eclipse, Relatively Speaking

1919: During a total solar eclipse, Sir Arthur Eddington performs the first experimental test of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

The findings made Einstein a celebrity overnight, and precipitated the eventual triumph of general relativity over classical Newtonian physics.

In 1919, Newton’s law of universal gravity still dominated scientific discourse, as it provided extremely accurate explanations of physical observations. But Einstein had a major issue with Newton’s theory: It wasn’t consistent with his own special theory of relativity, which predicted that space and time were relative, forming a four-dimensional continuum called spacetime. He conceived a general theory of relativity, in which gravitational fields would cause warps in spacetime, thus weaving gravity into the continuum.

One prediction of general relativity was that light should not travel in a perfectly straight line. While traveling through spacetime and nearing the warp induced by an object’s gravitational field, light should curve — but not by much. A ray of light nicking the edge of the sun, for example, would bend a minuscule 1.75 arcseconds — the angle made by a right triangle 1 inch high and 1.9 miles long. Newtonian physics also predicted light would bend due to gravity, but only by half as much as Einstein’s theory predicted.

Such a tiny difference seemed impossible to measure by earthly experiments. In fact, the two theories, though fundamentally opposed, made highly similar predictions for almost all tests of gravity and light. As a result, it was futile to try to understand which one provided a more accurate description of the fundamental laws of the universe.

Sir Frank Watson Dyson, Astronomer Royal of Britain, conceived in 1917 the perfect experiment to resolve the issue. A total solar eclipse on May 29, 1919, would occur just as the sun was crossing the bright Hyades star cluster. Dyson realized that the light from the stars would have to pass through the sun’s gravitational field on its way to Earth, yet would be visible due to the darkness of the eclipse. This would allow accurate measurements of the stars’ gravity-shifted positions in the sky.

Eddington, who led the experiment, first measured the “true” positions of the stars during January and February 1919. Then in May he went to the remote island of Príncipe (in the Gulf of Guinea off the west coast of Africa) to measure the stars’ positions during the eclipse, as viewed through the sun’s gravitational lens.

Eddington also sent a group of astronomers to take measurements from Sobral, Brazil, in case the eclipse was blocked by clouds over Príncipe. Outfitting and transporting the dual expeditions were no small feats in the days before transoceanic airplanes and instantaneous global communication.

Both locations had clear skies, and the astronomers took several pictures during the six minutes of total eclipse. When Eddington returned to England, his data from Príncipe confirmed Einstein’s predictions. Eddington announced his findings on November 6, 1919. The next morning, Einstein, until then a relatively obscure newcomer in theoretical physics, was on the front page of major newspapers around the world.

The bending of light around massive objects is now known as gravitational lensing, and has become an important tool in astrophysics. Physicists now use gravitational lensing to try to understand dark matter and the expansion of the universe.

http://www.wired.com/thisdayintech/2009/05/dayintech_0529/
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May 29, 1913: Controversial ballet Le Sacre du printemps performed in Paris

On the night of Thursday, May 29, 1913, the pioneering Russian ballet corps Ballet Russes performs Igor Stravinsky s ballet Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring), choreographed by the famous dancer Vaslav Nijinsky, at the Theatre de Champs-Elysees in Paris.

In founding the Ballet Russes in 1909, the flamboyant impresario Serge Diaghilev was searching for his own version of the Gesamtkunstwerk (or "total art form"), a concept introduced by the enormously influential German composer Richard Wagner in his book Oper und Drama (1850-51). Early in the second decade of a new century, Diaghilev saw ballet, and indeed all art, as a means of deliverance from the confines of morality and convention that had ruled Western society in the 19th century. This kind of avant-garde sensibility was widespread in Europe by 1913?particularly in Germany, the birthplace of the era s most prominent philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, whose writings articulated both the sense of chaos and destruction and the call for a violent rebirth of modern society that Stravinsky, Diaghilev and Nijinsky strove to portray in Le Sacre.

When the curtain went up in the newly constructed--and architecturally controversial--Theatre de Champs-Elysees on May 29, 1913, it seemed all of Paris society was there. There was great anticipation surrounding Diaghilev s newest production; advance publicity for the ballet had called it "real" and "true" art, art that disregarded the traditional boundaries of space and time. Almost as soon as the curtain rose, the audience began to react strongly to the performance, starting with whistles and proceeding to hisses and howls as the dancers appeared. Originally titled "The Victim," Stravinsky s ballet portrayed a pagan celebration in which a virgin sacrifices herself to the god of spring. The music was dissonant and strange, while the choreography by Nijinsky marked a radical departure from classical ballet, with the dancers toes turned in and their limbs thrust at sharp angles instead of smooth, rounded curves.

As Carl Van Vechten, drama critic for the New York Sun later wrote, the unruly audience became as much a part of the performance as the dancers and musicians: "Some forty of the protestants were forced out of the theater but that did not quell the disturbance. The lights in the auditorium were fully turned on but the noise continued and I remember Mlle. Piltz [the dancer portraying the sacrificial maiden] executing her strange dance of religious hysteria on a stage dimmed by the blazing light in the auditorium, seemingly to the accompaniment of the disjointed ravings of a mob of angry men and women." The subsequent coverage in the press of the ballet?which is now considered one of the great musical achievements of the 20th century?was resoundingly negative; the music was dismissed as mere noise and the dance as an ugly parody of traditional ballet.

In light of the horrifically destructive conflict that exploded in Europe barely one year later, the violent reaction to Le Sacre de Printemps came to seem like a logical and inescapable response to such an expression of nihilism and chaos. Against a background of growing nationalist fervor across the continent, French audiences were understandably anxious--about their own country s declining influence in the face of Germany s growing strength, about the seeming failure of traditional notions of morality and order and about what was to come. A year later, during the July Crisis, the French critic Maurice Dupont praised the sanity of the French reaction, calling Le Sacre "a Dionysian spammer dreamed of by Nietzsche and called forth by his prophetic wish to be the beacon of a world hurtling towards death"--a wish that would soon be fulfilled on the battlefields of World War I.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/controversial-ballet-le-sacre-du-printemps-performed-in-paris
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2010 8:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 May 1918, Commons Sitting

MADSEN MACHINE-GUN.


HC Deb 29 May 1918 vol 106 cc800-2 800

General Sir IVOR PHILIPPS (by Private Notice) asked the Minister of Munitions whether he can give any explanation as to the delay in introducing the Madsen machine-gun into the British Army; whether he is aware that for the last three years this machine-gun has been admitted by all machine-gun experts to be infinitely superior in every respect to the machine-guns now in use; and whether the only military expert who has opposed the introduction of the Madsen machine-guns is Major-General Sir William Furse, Master-General of the Ordnance; and whether, in view of the favourable reports again urging the adoption of the Madsen gun made this month by all the machine-gun experts of the London District, he will give orders to proceed immediately with the manufacture of this gun?

The MINISTER of MUNITIONS (Mr. Churchill) The question of the adoption of the Madsen gun was recently re-examined by the Army Council, who decided against adopting it. It was further re-examined last month by General Headquarters in France, who also decided against its adoption. The main reason in both cases was confidence in the Lewis gun, which alone can be supplied in the enormous numbers required. It is the function of the Ministry of Munitions to supply stores on the requisition of the Army Council.

Sir E. CARSON Is there a danger of this gun being handed over to the Germans?

Mr. CHURCHILL Well, Sir, I do not think they would have had much difficulty in acquiring it, had they so desired, in the early days of the War.

Sir I. PHILIPPS When the Army Council and the military authorities in France came to this decision, had they had full particulars of the recent examination of the improvements in this machine-gun, and were they aware of the favourable reports that had been come to in this country which induced my right hon. Friend the present Prime Minister to order 5,000 of them when he was Minister of Munitions, and, I believe, induced my right hon. Friend himself, when he was Secretary to the Admiralty, to order a large number for the Navy, none of which have yet been produced?

Mr. CHURCHILL Yes, Sir. All those facts were before the Army Council and General Headquarters, and I am confident that every new circumstance and all the arguments which are now being used were thoroughly considered. As I say, the scale on which machine guns are now required to be produced, with the disadvantages of duality of types and duality of training, and with the excellent qualities of our existing Lewis gun, were the deciding factors in the conclusions which we reached.

Sir I. PHILIPPS Can the right hon. Gentleman tell me under whose authority the recent decision has been come to by the military authorities, and under whose authority the recent experiments were undertaken in the London district by all the military machine-gun experts in London?

Mr. CHURCHILL No, Sir, I cannot. I know that in the last month that General Headquarters made a full re-examination of the gun.

Sir I. PHILIPPS Will the right hon. Gentleman call for the reports that have been submitted in the month of May—within the last fortnight or three weeks— on this machine gun?

Mr. CHURCHILL Yes; I shall certainly call for the reports. But the question does not turn so much on the relative merits of the Lewis v. the Madsen gun as on the great question of the supply of scores of thousands of guns, and the family arising of our Army with it—the training of the troops in the use of the weapon.

Mr. G. FABER That reason rather than the possible superiority of the Madsen gun?

Mr. CHURCHILL I am not at all sure that if we were starting absolutely from the beginning with a clear table, assisted by a wave of the wand, that there are not certain important points and advantages in the Madsen gun that we should not note. But we have a very good gun, and it is the only gun that can be made in enormous numbers.

Sir I. PHILIPPS In view of the circumstances—

Mr. SPEAKER We seem to be getting into a debate. Any further questions had better be put down.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/may/29/madsen-machine-gun
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May 29, 1914: Ships crash in heavy fog

Heavy fog causes a collision of boats on the St. Lawrence River in Canada that kills 1,073 people on this day in 1914. Caused by a horrible series of blunders, this was one of the worst maritime disasters in history.

The Empress of Ireland left Quebec on May 28 with 1,057 passengers and 420 crew members on board. At 2:00 a.m. the following morning, the Empress was near Father Point on the St. Lawrence River when thick fog rolled in. A Norwegian coal freighter, the Storstad, was approaching as visibility was reduced to nearly nothing.

Although each ship was aware of the other, the Storstad failed to follow standard procedures for fog conditions, which call for stopping when visibility is drastically reduced. The Storstad only slowed, while the Empress came to a complete stop. The Storstad hit the Empress mid-ship and sliced through its hull. Captain Thomas Anderson of the Storstad made matters even worse by failing to reverse engines after the crash. He proceeded directly ahead, crushing many people on board and turning the Empress over onto its side. Anderson later told investigators he had feared reversing would have allowed water to rush into the hole.

This was a colossal error. The Empress sank in just 14 minutes, taking the great majority of its passengers with it. Only 217 passengers and 248 crew members survived the collision. The subsequent investigation placed most of the blame on Captain Anderson, but found the Empress had also ignored some critical precautions that would have saved many lives. Because of the risk of collision, the Empress should have sealed its watertight doors, which would have minimized damage from a crash; it did not.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/ships-crash-in-heavy-fog
Zie ook: http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Empress_of_Ireland.jpg
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 29 Mei 2018 8:16, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Paul Mauser

Paul Mauser, (June 27, 1838 in Oberndorf am Neckar – May 29, 1914 in Oberndorf am Neckar) was a German weapon designer and manufacturer/industrialist.

Together with his brother Wilhelm Mauser (1834 - 1882) Paul Mauser designed the Mauser Model 1871 rifle, the first of a successful line of Mauser rifles and pistols. The rifle was adopted as the Gewehr 71 or Infanterie-Gewehr 71 and was the first metal cartridge weapon of the German Empire.

Amongst other fire arms the Mauser company also developed the Gewehr 98 and Karabiner 98k rifle series. The bolt-action design used for the Gewehr 98 was patented by Paul Mauser on 9 September 1895. The Gewehr 98 itself and its derivates was the latest in a line of Mauser rifles that were introduced in the 1890s.

Paul Mauser also designed the 7.65x53mm Argentine and 7x57mm Mauser rifle cartridges.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Mauser
Zie ook: http://users.skynet.be/fa101291/wapens/mauser-98k/index.htm
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 29 Mei 2018 8:15, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Aantekeningen uit het dagboek van Trui Thöne 1915

Zaterdag, 29 Mei 1915 - ’t Is vreeselijk zooveel geld er in Nederland verdiend wordt in deze tijd. Een Rotterdammer had gezegd: ik schaam me zooveel als ik verdien. En Rotterdammers zijn nogal aan sommen gewend. En ander zei: ik heb van het ’t jaar f 2 000.000,-- meer verdiend dan verleden jaar om dezen tijd.

http://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/dagboeken-trui/dagboek-januari-december-1915.html
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KILDARE OBSERVER, 29 May 1915

THE WAR AND TRADE OPPORTUNITIES 29/05/1915
The Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland desire to announce that the Board of Trade in pursuance of their efforts to enable British firms to replace merchandise previously obtained from Germany and Austria-Hungary, have issued a number of weekly lists of articles which inquiries desire to purchase. List No. 21 has now been issued and copies of it can be obtained on application from the Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board of Trade, 73 Bassinghall Street, London, E.C..

ROBERTSTOWN MAN ON THE "LUSITANIA" 29/05/1915 - STORY OF HIS EXPERIENCES - A FORTY FEET JUMP FOR LIFE
Amongst the survivors of the Lusitania disaster was a young man named Thomas McCormack a native of Robertstown, who arrived at Cooleragh, near Blackwood last week, where he now resides with his relatives, and showing little signs of the terrible ordeal he had passed through. When I called on him to hear his story on Tuesday, writes our representative, I found him engaged in carting turf from the bog of his uncle.

Starting with his narrative, Mr. McCormack said he had been about two years in the United States and decided to come home, booking on the Lusitania, as in ordinary times. Before leaving he was not aware of any threat on the part of the Germans to sink the ship. He saw no placards in New York, and although he had seen the daily papers for a week before he left he noticed no published warning. The first he heard of submarines was on the Wednesday preceding the disaster, when he saw the ships' life boats hung over the sides. He inquired of a sailor the reason for this and was told it was done so as to be prepared for attacks coming near England, and also that there was no cause for alarm as it was done on all trips then. Coming to the eventful day, he said they sighted land about 11 a.m., and they were beginning to consider themselves safe. He was walking on the main deck about 2 o'clock when he heard the two bangs. They were not very much, he added, and he did not know what was wrong till he noticed the ship keeling over to starboard and saw a bit of a panic with people tumbling over one another running for life belts. He also went to procure his belt, but as he was travelling third class, his berth was situated three flights of stairs below, and before he had descended more than half way he found himself more than half way he found himself knee deep in water. He returned to the deck to find the ship was almost on his side, with the bow dipped low and the stern high in the air. The boats were being lowered and large numbers of people were standing around. No life belt was available, but vessel, he decided to jump. Jumping from the side on which the deck was nearest the water, he said, meant certain death, because it was becoming a howling mass of human beings clinging to one another in groups, "and you know", he added. "If a drowning person catches hold of you and you have no life belt it is all up". Continuing, he said he had no friend or chum with him. He knew no one on board, and made no acquaintances. It was merely up to him to devise a plan to cave his own life, and he was powerless to do more. He scrambled up towards the stern, the deck being now almost perpendicular with the stern towering upwards of 40 feet in the air. Divesting himself of coat, vest and boots, he made the fateful jump, diving to an awful depth. On rising to the surface he started swimming away from the ship, and got to a distance of about four or five perches when she disappeared. Then came the explosion, which was dreadful, water and wreckage being hurled high in the air. After a short time he came upon something like a trunk, but this capsized and was near drowning him. He kept afloat for about an hour and a quarter, when he saw about half a dozen life belts floating about, and donning one of these survived the ordeal till rescued about 6p.m. by a trawler called, he thought, "The Indian Empire". He pulled himself on to th trawler by means of a rope, his hands still showing traces of the injuries thus received. On reaching the deck he fell, having temporarily lost the power of his legs. This boat, he said, picked up a large number of people wearing life belts, but many of them died before reaching Queenstown. While in the water he also saw many dead bodies of children floating about. On arriving at Queenstown, he said, the survivors were very kindly treated. Questioned, he said he learned to swim when a child in the canal, and then spent most of his time in the water in the summer months. While employed as a boatman later with the Canal Co. he once succeeded in swimming across the Shannon. As to his loss, he said 75 in notes and all his belongings, including a new suit of clothes and a valuable watch, went to the bottom of the sea. He had saved a good sum while working on the canal before emigrating, that which he had lost representing portion of his total savings, the remainder being safety banked in Boston.

An interesting fact which transpired in further conversation with Mr. M'Cormack was that he was one of the crew of the string of boats off one of which a Robertstown man named Weir lost his life in the Shannon a few years ago, the boats drifted 40 perches before they could be stopped. He also stated that on the trip from America he saw people throwing wreaths and flowers into the sea, and on asking the reason was told that they were passing over the "Titanic".

KILDARE MEN JOIN THE COLOURS 29/05/1915
Seven men, having joined the Irish Guards and Royal Field Artillery, left Kildare on Monday last. A number also left Newbridge on Wednesday for the Irish Guards Several soldiers - time expired, and formerly in the Royal Dublin Fusiliers - have been accepted in the Irish Guards from Newbridge. A large number of young married men have recently enlisted in North Kildare.

SERGEANT O'LEARY, V.C. - REPORT OF DEATH IN RECENT BATTLE 29/05/1915
A Macroom man serving with the Artillery forces in France has written under date May 24th to a friend stating that the latest news was the Sergeant Michael O'Leary, V.C., has been killed in the "last battle". Up to the time of writing no official communication has reached his parents, but the above message was duly censored, and there is reason to fear that the intelligence is correct, although a postcard from himself dated May 21st was recently received.

A sum of £300 has been collected as a national tribute to O'Leary, V.C., by a local committee, and it was hoped he would soon be given an opportunity of visiting his parents and receiving at the same time his military decorations and the congratulations of his proud fellow country - men. We have been unable to obtain any official confirmation or contradiction of the above rumour. The latest lists of rank and file casualties issued by the War Office only go up to May 11th. Lists of officers for May 20th show that the Irish Guards lost two officers killed and twelve wounded.The list of officers' casualties fro May 21st include an officer of the 1st Battn. Irish Guards wounded.

ANOTHER BATTLESHIP SUNK BY SUBMARINE 29/05/1915 - OFF GALLIPOLI PENINSULA - NEARLY ALL OFFICERS AND MEN SAVED
The Press Bureau at 10 o'clock on Thursday night issued the following:-

The Secretary of the Admiralty makes the following announcement:- An enemy submarine torpedoed and sunk H.M.S. Majestic (Captain H.F. Talbot) this morning while she was supporting the army in Gallipoli Peninsula. Nearly all the officers and more men were saved.

The Press Association adds:- The Majestic, although twenty years old, is still described in the Navy list as a first - class battleship. She was built at Portsmouth in 1894-95, and was first commissioned in 1895. She displaced 14,000 tons, mounted four 12 inch and twelve 6 inch guns, had a speed originally of 17 knots, and a peace complement of 757 officers and men.

The Majestic had been the flagship of many distinguished Admirals, including Lord Walter Kerr, Price Louis of Battenberg, Sir A.K. Wilson, Lord Charles Beresfor, Sir F Bridgeman, and Sir H.H. Rawson.

HOW AN ATHY OFFICER DIED
Amongst a large circle of friends in Athy district the announcement of the death of Lieut. N.C. Hannon, 7th King's Liverpool Regt., who was killed in action at Festubert on the 16th inst., was received with regret. He was only 20 years of age and was at the front for the past three months, have taken part in several engagements. He was the youngest son of Mr. John A. Hannon, Ardreigh House, Athy. He had a brilliant college career, having entered Trinity from High School, Dublin, in June 1913, and in the following October obtained a school exhibition in classical honours. He joined the officers' Training Corps, from which he received a commission in the Liverpool Regiment early in August. A brother of his, Lieut. J.C. Hannon, is in the 3rd Battalion of the same regiment. Private E. Lynch, "D" Company, King's Liverpool Regt., writing from France, says:- "It is my duty to write and inform you of Lieut. Hannon's death. I was his servant, and a better and kinder master one could not wish for. He entrusted me with the enclosed letters with instructions to send them to you if anything happened. He went into the charge full of dash and vigour, but alas! he never reached the German lines. He was shot in the stomach and died crying to his men "go on and win". He was a hero, and was loved and respected by all his men. All assisted at his burial. He is interred behind the firing line, and his grave is marked with a cross. With deepest sympathy for your great loss".

http://kildare.ie/hospitality/historyandheritage/athyheritage/Kildare%20Observer/KildareObserverMay1915.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Prince George Post - May 29, 1915

http://pgnewspapers.lib.pg.bc.ca/fedora/repository/pgp:1915-05-29/-/Prince%20George%20Post%20-%20May%2029,%201915
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MEDIATIJDLIJN AMSTERDAMSE TRAM 1915
door Cees Pot

29 mei 1915 - Op de Overtoom rijdt een aannemer met zijn auto met grote snelheid aan de verkeerde kant van een tram langs. Hij rijdt daardoor een 11-jarige jongen aan, die aan de gevolgen van het ongeval overlijdt.
Later wordt 2 weken gevangenisstraf tegen hem geëist wegens dood door schuld. De rechtbank veroordeelt hem uiteindelijk tot 1 maand gevangenisstraf.

http://www.amsterdamsetrams.nl/tijdlijn/tijdlijn1915.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Report of Allied warning to the Ottoman government to stop the massacres of Armenians, May 29, 1915

http://www.armenian-genocide.org/us-5-29-15.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 mei 1916: Geen bond zonder vaandel
Vaandel van de Protestants Christelijke Bond van Spoor- en Tramwegpersoneel

Na de oprichting van hun bondsafdeling op 29 mei 1916 hebben de Dordtse spoorweg-arbeiders nog lang moeten sparen voor het bondsvaandel. Ze voeren het trots mee in plaatselijke optochten en halen het bij jubilea voor de dag. Dat laatste doet de vakbeweging tot op de dag van vandaag. Het IISG beheert de grootste vakbondsvaandel-collectie van Nederland.

http://www.iisg.nl/today/nl/29-05.php
Voor vakbondsvaandels: http://www.iisg.nl/collections/vaandels/intro-nl.php & http://www.vakbondshistorie.nl/vaandels.html
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 29 Mei 2018 8:15, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY AND EXTENSION - Nord - France

Shot at Dawn: Private W W Roberts, 4th Bn. Royal Fusiliers, executed for desertion on 29/05/1916, plot 2. B. 110.

http://www.ww1cemeteries.com/ww1frenchcemeteries/bailleulcommandext.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Jelgava 29.05.1916 - First World War, the German Emperor Wilhelm II in Jelgava. Latvia - then Russia

http://www.flickr.com/photos/65817306@N00/2535600544/in/set-486575
Meer foto's! http://www.flickr.com/photos/65817306@N00/sets/486575/detail/?page=5
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Dinsdag 29 Mei 1917.

Borkel en Schaft.

- Een tegenvallertje was het voorzeker voor een tweetal militairen van de grenswacht aan de Abdij, die in den vroegen Zaterdagmorgen op de kloosterhoeve ongevraagd zich een partijtje spek toeeigenden met het doel hetzelve aan de Duitsche wachten te verkoopen. Hunne beraamde plannen vielen in duigen toen de wachtcommandant hen arresteerde, zoodat een welverdiende straf hun te wachten staat.

- Vooral ’s Zondags heerscht hier aan de uitgangspoort der draadversperring ’n gezellig verkeer; men ziet daar vrienden en kennissen, bloedverwanten, ouders en kinderen hun wederzijdsche groeten overbrengen. De Duitschers zijn in deze zeer genaakbaar, zoowel voor Belgen als Hollanders. Een Duitsch commandant, goed de Hollandsche-Vlaamsche taal machtig, luistert de gesprekken af, zoodat meestal maar door twee personen mag gesproken worden, overigens zijn ze zeer vriendelijk.

- Kunnen wij geloof hechten aan een Belgisch briefschrijver uit het naburig Neerpelt, dan is de toestand aldaar niet rooskleurig. Volgens schrijver liepen personen weenend langs de straten van honger en als de toestand binnenkort niet verandert, was de hongersnood dicht nabij. Moge de goede God toch spoedig een reddende uitkomst verleenen.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/1917.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 22:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Soldiers of Warrick County 1914-1918

Austill, Opha - Son of John & Mary Austill, born May 18, 1889, near Folsomville. Employed in saw mill, Morehouse, MO. Entered service May 29, 1918, Morehouse, MO. Sent to Camp Dodge, IO, assigned to Co. A, 163rd Depot Brigade. Died Oct 7, 1918 at Camp Dodge of pneumonia. Buried at Folsomville.

http://marshaswarrickweb.com/military/soldiers/1914thur1918vets.htm
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 23:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First American Action

May 28-29, 1918 - Troops of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division capture the village of Cantigny from the Germans and hold it. The American Expeditionary Force (AEF) is commanded by General John Pershing who is determined to maintain all-American fighting units, rather than parcel out American troops to the British and French armies. By now, 650,000 American soldiers have arrived in France, with the number growing by 10,000 per day.

http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/index-1918.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 23:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Weekly Press, May 29 1918: Steam Tractor ploughing and harrowing at Dunsandel, 1918

The plough which is the only one of its kind in Australasia, is automatically controlled from the engine, and ploughs twenty acres a day at the cost of 2s 6d per acre. The weight seen trailing from the outrigger on the left of the plough leaves a mark for the driver to steer by for his next round. Also a typical homestead and livestock.

http://keteselwyn.peoplesnetworknz.info/farming/images/show/1111-steam-tractor-ploughing-and-harrowing-at-dunsandel-1918?view_size=large
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Mei 2011 23:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Prekmurjerepubliek

De Prekmurjerepubliek (Sloveens: Murska Republika, Prekmurees: Republika Szlovenszka okroglina, Hongaars: Vendvidéki Köztársaság) was een kortstondige republiek op het grondgebied van het huidige Sloveense landsdeel Prekmurje.

De republiek werd door de Sloveense leraar Vilmos Tkálecz op 29 mei 1919 uitgeroepen vanaf het balkon van Hotel Dobray in Murska Sobota. Daarmee maakte het zich los van de Hongaarse Radenrepubliek. Tkálecz werd zelf president. Het republiekje werd alleen door Oostenrijk erkend en bestond tot 6 juni 1919, toen het door Hongaarse troepen werd ingenomen.

Het Verdrag van Trianon wees Prekmurje in 1920 toe aan het Koninkrijk van Serviërs, Kroaten en Slovenen, het latere Joegoslavië.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prekmurjerepubliek
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 8:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battlefield Archaeology: The forgotten Battle of Skra di Legen, May 29–30, 1918
By Pierre Kosmidis

The Battle of Skra di Legen (Skora di Legen) was a two-day battle which took place at the Skra fortified position, located northeast of Mount Paiko, which is north-west of Thessaloniki, on May 29–30, 1918, on the Macedonian front of World War I.

Skra de legen, or as it is known in Bulgaria “Jarebichna” was a fortified position around the three peaks of the Paiko (Pajak) Mountain just west of the city of Gevgely and the current Greek-FYROM border crosses that position.

Bulgarian troops fortified it in 1916 and in 1917 it withstood a strong frontal assault of the French troops. In May 1918 this triangular in shape position was defended by the Third brigade of the Bulgarian 5th “Dunavska” (Danubian) division: 2nd IR defended its right (west) wing, 50th IR defended its east (left) wing and on the top of the triangle, occupying the front position, were the three battalions of the 49th IR.

On 30th May 1918 two Greek divisions and one French Brigade with a crushing supremacy in artillery attacked the whole position. They succeeded in breaking the flanks of the “triangle” and on the next day 49th IR was surrounded.

After almost 10 hours of desperate fighting the whole regiment was practically annihilated. Bulgarian losses were heavy – 600 killed, 2045 taken prisoners. Greek losses were also heavy – around 2000 killed and wounded.

From a tactical point of view it was a minor engagement. Only a position 5 km wide and 3 km deep was lost. However the loss of a whole regiment – 49th, was felt deeply by the Bulgarians.

The battle was the first large-scale employment of Greek troops of the newly established Army of National Defence on the front, and resulted in the capture of the heavily fortified Bulgarian position.

The Allied force comprised three Greek divisions of the National Defence Army Corps under Lieutenant General Emmanouil Zymvrakakis, plus one French brigade.

The three Greek divisions included the Archipelago Division under Major General Dimitrios Ioannou, the Crete Division under Major General Panagiotis Spiliadis, and the Serres Division under Lieutenant Colonel Epameinondas Zymvrakakis.

The 5th and 6th Regiments from the Archipelago Division were in the center, the 7th and 8th Regiments from the Crete Division were on the right flank and the 1st Regiment of the Serres Division was on the left flank.

In the early morning of 29 May 1918, Greek artillery fired on Bulgarian positions in preparation for the next morning’s assault.

On 06.30, 30 May 1918, Allied forces captured Skra from the heavily outnumbered Bulgarians. Starting from the evening of the same day until May 31, the Bulgarian army launched several counterattacks on positions held by the Crete Division. All attacks were repelled, cementing the Allied victory.

In the battle, 441 Allied soldiers were killed, 2,227 wounded and 164 missing in action. Bulgaria suffered 600 soldiers killed and 2045 taken prisoner. 32 machine guns and 12 artillery pieces were also captured.

Ga voor foto's naar http://www.ww2wrecks.com/portfolio/battlefield-archaeology-the-forgotten-battle-of-skra-di-legen-may-29-30-1918/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 8:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 May 1917 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: New act prevents ladies accessing the harbour

The presence of German prisoners of war at the docks has led to restrictions on visiting the harbour. Anxious to avoid any awkward instances of fraternisation, the States have passed an act preventing women going onto the pier while the POWs are present.

The prisoners are employed loading vessels engaged in carrying potato exports to the mainland. Arriving each day from the Blanches Banques camp by train, the men are escorted to the pier and watched once there by a detachment of camp guards. At the Lieutenant Governor’s suggestion, the committee responsible for the harbour has passed an act restricting access to the pier while the Germans are working there.

Since arrival in March 1915, the POWs have attracted considerable attention from locals interested in observing the enemy at close hand. Access to the area around the St Ouen’s Bay camp is already subject to restrictions, in order to prevent anyone approaching the perimeter fence. The new act removes the possibility of women being near the men while they are working at the harbour.

At the suggestion of the committee, the act also excludes anyone without legitimate reason for being on the pier.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/29-may-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 8:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 May 1917

- Leader of the Provisional Greek Government, Eleftherios Venizelos, returns to Athens
- Italian forces on the Southern Front continue their advance, capturing trenches near Medeazza in the southern Carso
- German submarine SM UC-74 torpedoes the French troopship Yarra in the Mediterranean Sea 37 km north west of Cape Sidero, Crete. The Yarra sinks in 20 minutes; 56 men are drowned.
- Persian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Vossuq ed Douleh, resigns

http://www.centenaryww1orange.com.au/events/29-may-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 8:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 May 1917 - Letter from Rupert Christie to his mother...

... in Berhamphore, Wellington, written from Haynes Park the riding, driving and cable Depot. Describes the various places and people he visited in London. He mentions the differences between the "Tommies" and the "Colonials.

[Written at top of letter:] I have not time to post the views that I intend sending but will post them by next mail in about 14 days time Rup. Address letters N.Z.R.S Coy Stevenage Herts England]

Haynes Park 29/5/17

My Dear Mother Father & all

I am as you will see above safely installed in the riding, driving & cable Depot. Oh what a difference there is between this and Stevenage. At Steve our hours were early morning stables 6.45am, breakfast 7.45 am, Ist Parade 9am dinner 12.30pm, 2nd Parade 2pm knock off 4.15pm. Here at Haynes we have Reveille 5 am stables 5.30 am breakfast 6.15am 1st parade 8am dinner 12.15pm,2nd Parade 1.20pm knock off 5.30pm. By this you will see that I am doing a bit of graft for my 5/- per day now. I imagine I hear you saying that I am far better here than in France. I only arrived at 11am on Sunday morning having been on leave since the previous Monday afternoon. I have had a splendid time


Lees verder via http://uhcl.recollect.co.nz/nodes/view/22253
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 10:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Eric Green

In early 1915 18 year old Eric Green travelled from his home in Cargo to Sydney to enlist. He failed his medical examination and was advised to undergo an operation to improve his chances of being accepted into the AIF. Eric, a labourer, saved his money and endured several operations before presenting at Liverpool on 20 June 1915. Because he was under 21 years of age Eric he was required to produce evidence of his parents’ consent. (...)

Eric was successful on this occasion; he joined the 19th Battalion, 3rd Reinforcement as a private and embarked from Sydney on 9 August. He joined the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force at Gallipoli on 28 September 1915, but was admitted to 1st Australian Stationary Hospital at Mudros the same day with mumps.

Private Green reported for duty on 12 October 1915. He served at Gallipoli for two months, returning to camp in Egypt following the evacuation of the peninsula. He left Alexandria in March 1916 to join the British Expeditionary Force in France; one of the first Australian troops to arrive on the Western Front.

Eric was wounded in battle at Armentieres in May 1916. He died from his wounds on 29 May 1916, aged 20. Eric was the second serviceman from the Orange district to die on the Western Front. He is buried in the Brewery Orchard Cemetery at Bois Grenier, two and a half miles south of Armentieres.

A note enclosed in Eric’s pay book requested that in the event of his death both his mother, Mary, and Miss P Sims of Burwood be notified. His personal effects consisted of one prayer book, four coins and an identity disc, which were forwarded to his mother in December 1916.

Eric Green is commemorated on panel number 88 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

Fotootje op http://www.centenaryww1orange.com.au/service-men-and-women/eric-green/ (via http://www.centenaryww1orange.com.au/events/29-may-1916/)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 10:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Transcript of letter from Private Dryburgh to his parents, 29 May 1916

https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//research/SommeMoreStoriesFeature-Dryburgh-transcript.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Mei 2018 10:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Los Angeles Herald, Number 180, 29 May 1916

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Los_Angeles_Herald,_Number_180,_29_May_1916.pdf
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