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30 september

 
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2006 6:41    Onderwerp: 30 september Reageer met quote

Die schweren Kämpfe um Cambrai
Großes Hauptquartier, 30. September.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppen Kronprinz Rupprecht und Böhn:
In Flandern setzte der Feind seine Angriffe fort. Der Einbruch des Gegners in unsere Stellungen am 27. September nötigte uns, den rechten Flügel unserer Abwehrfront hinter den HandzameAbschnitt von nördlich Dixmuiden bis Werken zurückzunehmen und auf dem linken Flügel des Kampffeldes den Wytschate-Bogen zu räumen. Feindliche Angriffe gegen den Handzame-Abschnitt und gegen die Linie Zarren -Westroosebeke wurden abgewiesen. Zwischen Passchendaele und Becelaere drang der Gegner bis Mooerslede und Dadizeede vor. Dort fingen wir seinen Stoß auf. Der am frühen Morgen von Houthem bis Komen an der Lys vordringende Feind wurde durch Gegenangriff wieder zurückgeworfen. Wir kämpfen hier in der Lys-Niederung.
Gewaltiges Ringen an der Front zwischen Cambrai und St. Quentin. Gegen die Stadt und beiderseits der Stadt führte der Feind 16 Divisionen in den Kampf, um Cambrai zu nehmen und unsere Front beiderseits der Stadt zu durchbrechen. Nördlich von Cambrai sind die bis zu achtmal wiederholten starken feindlichen Angriffe vor unseren Linien bei Sancourt und Tilloy an erfolgreichen Gegenangriffen gescheitert. In den Vororten von Cambrai, Neuville und Cantimpre faßte der Feind Fuß. Wir stehen hier am Westrande der Stadt hinter der Schelde und schlugen dort erneute heftige Angriffe des Gegners ab. Die über den Kanalabschnitt nördlich von Marcoing geführten Angriffe des Feindes brachen vor und an der Straße Cambrai-Masnières zusammen. Südlich von Marcoing drückte uns der Feind hinter den Kanalabschnitt Masnières-Crevecoeur zurück. Mit gleicher Kraft griff er unsere Front von Gonnelieu bis südlich von Bellenglise an. Villers-Guislain, das vorübergehend verloren ging, wurde wieder genommen. Örtliche Einbruchsstellen wurden im Gegenstoß wieder gesäubert. Die in der Front bei Gonnelieu und Villers-Guislain schwer kämpfenden Divisionen warfen den ans Richtung Marcoing gegen ihre Flanke vorbrechenden Feind mit ihren Reservebataillonen in entschlossenem Gegenangriff wieder zurück. Zwischen Bellicourt und Bellenglise stieß der Feind über den Kanal vor. Wir brachten ihn am Abend in der Linie Nordrand Bellicourt - Westrand Joncourt - Lehaucourt zum Stehen. Die nördlich von Gricourt sich aller Anstürme erwehrenden Regimenter mußten am Abend ihren Flügel auf Lehaucourt zurücknehmen.
An dem im großen erfolgreichen Abschluß der gestrigen schweren Kämpfe haben Truppen aller deutschen Stämme gleichen Anteil. Der Engländer hat seine örtlichen Erfolge mit sehr hohen blutigen Verlusten erkauft.
Heeresgruppen Deutscher Kronprinz und Gallwitz:
Gegen unsere neue Linie am Oise-Aisne-Kanal drängte der Feind stark nach. In erfolgreichen Vorfeldkämpfen machten wir hier Gefangene.
Der Franzose setzte zwischen der Suippes und der Aisne, der Amerikaner gegen den Ostrand der Argonnen und zwischen den Argonnen und der Maas seine erbitterten Angriffe fort. Mehrere neue Divisionen warf der Feind auch gestern wieder in den Kampf. Zwischen Auberive und Somme-Py schlugen wir mehrfachen, nordwestlich von Somme-Py neunmaligen Ansturm des Gegners vor unseren Linien ab. Weiter östlich blieben Manre und Ardeuil in Feindeshand. Wir standen am Abend nach Abwehr des Feindes in der Linie Ardeuil - nördlich Sechault - Bouconville. Mit besonderer Kraft stürmte auch der Amerikaner gegen den Ostrand des Argonner Waldes und gegen die Front zwischen Argonnen und der Maas an. Sein Ansturm ist völlig gescheitert. Beiderseits des Airetales entrissen wir dem Feinde Apremont und den Wald von Montrebeau und warfen den Amerikaner mehr als einen Kilometer zurück.
Wir schossen gestern 45 feindliche Flugzeuge ab.


Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)


Fortdauer der großen Schlacht in der Champagne - Eine französische Brigade vernichtet
Großes Hauptquartier, 30. September.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Der Feind setzte seine Durchbruchsversuche gestern nur in der Champagne fort.
Südlich der Straße Menin-Ypern wurde eine von zwei englischen Kompagnien besetzte Stellung in die Luft gesprengt.
Nördlich Loos schritt unser Gegenangriff langsam vor. Südlich von Souchez gelang es den Franzosen an zwei kleineren Stellen, in unsere Linien einzudringen; es wird dort noch gekämpft. Ein französischer Teilangriff südlich Arras wurde leicht abgewiesen.
Zwischen Reims und Argonnen waren die Kämpfe erbittert. Südlich St.-Marie-à-Py brach eine feindliche Brigade durch die vorderste Grabenstellung durch und stieß auf unsere Reserven, die im Gegenangriffe dem Feinde 800 Gefangene abnahmen und den Rest vernichteten. Alle französischen Angriffe zwischen Straße Somme-Py - Souain und Eisenbahn Challerange - St.-Menehould wurden gestern, teilweise im erbitterten Nahkampf, unter schweren feindlichen Verlusten abgeschlagen. Heute früh brach ein starker feindlicher Angriff an der Front nordwestlich Massiges zusammen. Nördlich Massiges ging eine dem flankierenden feindlichen Feuer sehr ausgesetzte Höhe (191) verloren.
Auf den übrigen Fronten fanden Artillerie- und Minenkämpfe in wechselnder Stärke statt.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Hindenburg:
Südlich von Dünaburg ist der Feind in die Seenengen östlich von Wesselowo zurückgedrängt.
Die Kavalleriekämpfe zwischen Dryswjatysee und der Gegend von Postawy waren für unsere Divisionen erfolgreich.
Östlich von Smorgon ist die feindliche Stellung im Sturm durchbrochen; es wurden 1000 Gefangene (darunter 7 Offiziere) gemacht und 6 Geschütze, 4 Maschinengewehre erbeutet.
Südlich von Smorgon dauert der Kampf an.
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinz Leopold von Bayern:
Feindliche Teilangriffe gegen viele Abschnitte der Front wurden blutig abgewiesen.
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Mackensen:
Die Lage ist unverändert.
Heeresgruppe des Generals v. Linsingen:
Die Russen wurden am oberen Kornim in östlicher Richtung zurückgeworfen. Es wurden etwa 800 Gefangene gemacht.
Zwei russische Flugzeuge wurden abgeschossen.


http://www.stahlgewitter.com/
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2006 6:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918 : Turks abandon Damascus as Allies approach

On the night of September 30, 1918, as Allied forces led by General Edmund Allenby march steadily toward Damascus, Turkish authorities abandon the city.


Damascus, located on the Barada River in modern-day Syria, is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. Ruled by the Ottoman Empire for centuries, it served as the base for Turkish and German troops to direct their operations against Allied forces at the Suez Canal during World War I. British troops in the region were commanded from mid-1917 by Allenby, who led his men in a successful campaign in Palestine that year, culminating in the capture of Jerusalem in December. Though Allenby lost some of his troops to the Western Front due to the German offensive there in the spring of 1918, the British had managed to recoup their strength in the region by the summer, due to an influx of reinforcements.


On September 19, Allenby’s force went on the attack in Palestine near the city of Megiddo—the biblical site of the Battle of Armageddon—that began a string of victories over the following weeks. On September 27, Allenby’s cavalry rode from Palestine across the Golan Heights into Syria, putting them only 60 miles from Damascus. The Allied advance was held up the following day by a division of 1,500 Turkish troops; by the late afternoon of September 30, however, they had wrested free and were on the way to Damascus.


That night, Turkish authorities fled the city in anticipation of the Allied occupation, ending hundreds of years of Ottoman rule in Damascus. Led by the 3rd Light Horse Brigade from Australia, Allied troops took control of the city the next day, seizing some 7,000 Turkish prisoners. Allenby’s forces were aided in their campaign in Syria by a force of Arab nationalists, led by Faisal, the son of Sharif Hussein of Mecca. Since 1916, Hussein and his sons, encouraged by British contacts such as T.E. Lawrence—the famous "Lawrence of Arabia"—had given their support to the Allies in the struggle against the Ottoman Empire. When the Allies occupied Damascus, Arab riflemen fired their guns in the air to celebrate the fall of the Turks in that city. Barely a month later, Turkey sued for peace, signing an armistice with the Allies on October 30, 1918.


Though Allenby had left Faisal Hussein in charge in Damascus—and a Syrian national congress declared him king in March 1920—the post-war settlement at Versailles determined that France would have control of Syria, as well as Lebanon and northern Mesopotamia. Faisal was deposed in July 1920 when the French entered Syria under a mandate of the League of Nations. The following year, after the British-mandated government permitted a plebiscite, Faisal became the first king of Iraq. Meanwhile, despite repeated revolts, Syria remained under French rule—including a one-year stint under the pro-German Vichy government in 1940-41—until after World War II, when Damascus became the capital of an independent Syria.



www.history.com
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 19:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 September, 1914: The London Times on Belgian Neutrality

The "Official Statement" on the neutrality of Belgium.

The German press has been attempting to persuade the public that if Germany herself had not violated Belgian neutrality, France or Great Britain would have done so. It has declared that French and British troops had marched into Belgium before the outbreak of war. We have received from the Belgian Minister of War an official statement which denies absolutely these allegations. It declares, on the one hand, that "before August 3 not a single French soldier had set foot on Belgian territory," and again, "it is untrue that on August 4 there was a single English soldier in Belgium." It adds: --

For long past Great Britain knew that the Belgian army would oppose by force a "preventive" disembarkation of British troops in Belgium. The Belgian Government did not hesitate at the time of the Agadir crises to warn foreign Ambassadors, in terms which could not be misunderstood, of its formal intention to compel respect for the neutrality of Belgium by every means at its disposal, and against attempts upon it from any and every quarter.

http://www.gwpda.org/1914/ukbelgneut.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 19:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Wakamiya Maru off Tsingtao: September 1914

From 9th October 1912 the British Naval Attache to Tokio had been Captain Hon. Hubert Brand (JJJ). During the Allied assault of Tsingtao he spent some three months embarked in IJN warships in order to witness the proceedings. In his report (HHH) he too made a number of observations including frequent references to the Naval aeroplane reconnaissances performing:-

'.... most valuable services.'

Regarding the bombs dropped by IJN aircraft he thought that they were only about the equivalent to 12 pdr. shell:-

'.... and the damage they would inflict is not very great.'

A part of his entry in respect of Wednesday, 30th September 1914 reads:-

Fine and warm. 'TOKIWA' (KKK) returned to Lo Shan Harbour (variously spelt Laoshan or Lo Shan) to embark Signal Station party, and was on her way to Tai-Kung-Tau when, a few minutes after 8 a.m. the 'WAKAMIYA MARU' struck a mine in the entrance of Lo Shan Harbour, and had to be beached to prevent her sinking; her engines were disabled owing to breaking of steam pipes, No. 3 hold full, and one man killed - fortunately no damage done to aeroplanes though it is feared that a spare engine may be injured.

The repair ship 'KWANTO MARU' (LLL) at once came round to Lo Shan Harbour to see what could be done to render 'WAKAMIYA MARU' fit for service again, and after examination they think they may be able to get her going again in about a week's time. As the Aeroplane establishment is all being moved ashore at this place this accident will not affect the efficiency of the Aeroplane Corps.


http://www.gwpda.org/naval/wtsing.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 19:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Temporary Sub Lieutenant John NORMAN R.N.V.R.

Temporary Sub Lieutenant John Norman RNVR, joined the Howe Battalion at short notice on the evening of the 30th September 1914. During the past month, his pal from Emmanuel College, Cyril Browne, had been urging John & another Emmanuel College man, Alfred Maynard, to come & join him in the Howe Battalion.

Kijken en lezen! http://www.cwgc.co.uk/Norman001.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sint-Amands tijdens de Duitse bezetting 1914-1918

(...) Een andere aanpassing was de invoering van de avondklok Om acht uur moesten alle lichten uit en mocht er zich niemand nog op straat bevinden tenzij met toestemming van de Kommandantur.Liep men toch op straat dan kon het gebeuren zoals met Felix De Pauw die woonde in Sint-Amands, maar op 30 september 1914 aan de woning van Petrus Vergult in de Bornemstraat te Mariekerke 's avonds omstreeks 20 uur doodgeschoten werd door de Duitsen.Alle personen ouder dan 15 jaar moesten moesten in het bezit zijn van een identiteitsbewijs die een uitgebreide persoonsbeschrijving bevatte. (...)

http://www.stanny-van-grasdorff.be/etappengebied.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Rupert Price Hallowes

Rupert Price Hallowes VC MC (5 May 1881 - 30 September 1915) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Born to F. B. and Mary Ann Taylor Hallowes, of Port Talbot, Wales. He was 34 years old, and a temporary second lieutenant in the 4th Battalion, The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own), during the First World War. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions between 25 and 30 September 1915 at Hooge, Belgium.

Citation
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during the fighting at Hooge between 25th September and 1st October, 1915. Second Lieutenant Hallowes displayed throughout these days the greatest bravery and untiring energy, and set a magnificent example to his men during four heavy and prolonged bombardments. On more than one occasion he climbed up on the parapet, utterly regardless of danger, in order to put fresh heart into his men. He made daring reconnaissances of the German positions in our lines. When the supply of bombs was running short he went back under very heavy shell fire and brought up a fresh supply. Even after he was mortally wounded he continued to cheer those around him and to inspire them with fresh courage.—London Gazette", No. 29371, 16 November 1915

He died on 30 September 1915, and is buried at Bedford House Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Zillebeke, near Ypres.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the National Army Museum (Chelsea, England). He was also a holder of the Military Cross.

He is 1 of 32 Scouting related persons to win the Victoria Cross.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rupert_Price_Hallowes
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

"Report on Raid carried out by 2/14th Bn. London Regt. (London Scottish) on the night 29th/30th September, 1916"

addressed to the C.O.; report is not complete -- there was at least one more page

http://pw20c.mcmaster.ca/military-document-29-30-september-1916-1

Report on Raid made by 1st Border Regiment on night 30th Sept. 1916.

The Covering Party consisting of a sergeant and 6 riflemen to guard the left flank, a Sergeant and 7 men with Lewis Gun to guard right flank, were posted at about 7.45 p.m. in the nearer line of trees opposite WIELYJE SALIENT. At 8.10 p.m. the raiding party began to leave our trench and were all position in “NO MANS LAND” as arranged by 8.15 p.m.

During the first 15 minutes of the bombardment the party worked forward to the line of big trees without mishap, and crossed to the line of willows in front of enemy trench by 8.50 p.m. During the second stage of the advance one lance-corporal sustained a slight wound in the hand from a fragment of one of our shells.

At 8.50 p.m. the O.C. Raid left the head of our column by the willows and went forward to reconnoitre the wire. There were a great many enemy flare lights, but there was no firing from the enemy front line and it is probable that enemy were on the flanks or in the support trenches. The wire proved to have been very successfully knocked about by Trench Mortar fire but some inner belts of wire remained too high for easy passage. Accordingly wire-cutters were tried, but this method seemed slow, and at 8.55 p.m. the O.C. returned to party to begin advance through wire prepared to use bangalore torpedoes for any considerable obstructions near parapet. On a roll of a concertina wire which remained little damaged in the line of advance, 3 bangalore torpedoes were tried. The fitting of the torpedoes in concertina wire turned out to be quite simple and was well done. Each of the torpedoes failed, however, to detonate owing to the dampness of fuzes. They had evidently been injured in the journey across “NO MANS LAND”, as the Very light cases used to protect them had come off.

The O.C. Raid then noticed an easy gap which had been blown in the wire to the right, and the party trampled down what was left of the wire, and made a rush for the parapet. All arrangements worked as they had been planned, the point of entry being only a matter of yards away from that intended. The Right and Left Blocking Parties both experienced some bombing from enemy on flanks. The trench on right of point of entry had been rather badly blown in by our Artillery, and a group of men protected by the blockage sent up Very lights, and brought rifle fire and bombs to bear on right blocking party, from trench in rear of our right. Our bombers retaliated with evident effect, as the enemy party retreated and the sending up of Very lights ceased.

The right searching party found in the main communication trench for some 30 yards to the right of the point of entry, 2 dugouts under the parapet. These were securely built, but small, and had merely wooden frames. They were carpeted with straw. In one of these a man was found who was made prisoner. The right communication trench was badly knocked about, and the large dugout shown in the aerial photo, was entirely demolished.

Several dead or unconscious bodies were found in the barbed wire in front of this sector, and several of the enemy who retreated down the communication trenches were fired on and chased, one at least was killed.

Left Blocking Party
This party got into position opposite the left communication trench noticed in the aerial photo. The enemy threw a large number of bombs at them, but without effect. Our men replied vigorously throwing almost all the bombs they had kept the enemy on the flank at bay, even if they did no further damage. Four dugouts were found in this section of trench and produced 6 prisoners. The dugouts were of the same pattern as these noted above and all under the parapet. Two of the enemy were killed, one shot and one bayoneted.

All prisoners (8 in number) seemed unwilling to surrender themselves but were obviously frightened.

General
The trenches were slightly deeper and wider than our front line, they had no trench boards but a good wooden fire step. The revetting was for the most part, wooden trellis-work. The floor of the trench was covered with straw. A considerable quantity of bombs, equipment, clothing and papers were found. A large bell for Gas Alarm was found on the parapet at point of entry, and the trench seemed liberally supplied with long-handled bombs. About 25% of the men seen in the trench wore metal helmets. Uniforms and equipment were in very good state of repair, and everything was noticeably clean and tidy.

The Sap search party
A recent reconnaissance of the Boche front line by daylight had led us to suppose that this sap was now very little used, and would not produce anything of interest. This was confirmed in fact, and the junction of the sap and the trench had been so blown in by our shells as to be hardly recognizable. Accordingly the sap party which had been sent to search it returned to the main party for working the front line trench.

Letter sent to General

Dear General,

I had a long talk the other day with the Officer who commanded the Raiding Party of the Border Regt. which carried out the recent successful raid in the Salient. From the conversation I made the attached notes which I thought you would like to see.

Yours sincerely,

[signed]

General Notes on the recent raid carried out in the Salient

Raiding party consisted of approximately - 3 Officers and about 40 other ranks, and worked in co-operation with our Artillery and Trench Mortar Batteries. The section of the German line selected about 100 yards in length, was clearly understood. The Raiding Party was to enter in the centre of this length of trench, and search literally to definite limits.

O.C. Raiding Party made the necessary arrangements, and obtained the material etc., which was roughly - a tape about 400 yards long, wire-cutters, Bangalore Torpedoes, revolvers for the Blocking Party, a stretcher, Hand bells, Field Telephones, Lewis gun, supply of grenades, and Bludgeons.

O.C. had made a preliminary reconnaissance, and the Raiding party had been practised over the ground by means of patrols some days beforehand.

There were two good landmarks between our trench and the Germans’, in the form of a line of trees about midway between the two lines, and a line of willow trees about 70 yards from the enemy’s line.

8.15 p.m…….O.C. Party moved out followed by remainder in formation shown on attached diagram.
8.30 p.m…….Our Artillery began bombardment of the enemy front line assisted by Trench Mortars.
8.45 p.m…….Raiding Party had crossed the first line of trees.
8.50 p.m…….Halted at willows – last line of trees before enemy trenches.
8.55 p.m…….Bombardment lifted to second line of trenches, and the party started through the wire.

Previous to moving a COVERING PARTY had been told off, consisting of 2 N.C.Os. and 12 men with 1 Lewis Gun, and they had received instructions how to act in case of emergency.

O.C. remained in central position.

BLOCKING PARTY, organised into Right and Left parties, moved along the parapets and established ‘blocks’ opposite communication trenches. These were BOMBERS, BAYONET MEN, THROWERS & CARRIERS.

SEARCH PARTY, organised into Right and Left parties each under and Officer, began searching the dugouts and trenches. These were Infantry armed with Rifles, Bayonets, and Bludgeons.

STRETCHER BEARERS remained in central position.

TELEPHONES were ready to open up communication with Battalion Headquarters.

AFTER A PERIOD OF 8 MINUTES - BOTH BELLS RUNG – and the parties assembled in the O.C. Raiding party, and the prisoners, following in the rear of a guide, were marched back to our lines.

There was no Machine gun fire from the German line, and movement was made impossible by the barrage put up, on the Right and Left flanks of the raid, on the support trenches in rear.

Lessons from the Raid
1.Forethought and careful preliminary arrangements clearly explained to everyone by O.C. i/c Raid – was the chief factor of success.
2.Essential to rehearse the part EACH man has to play – many times beforehand – and ensure that he can explain every other mans job in the party.
3.Raiding parties must be familiar with the ground – this is ensured by sending them out on patrols a few days beforehand.
4.The Officer Commanding Party must confer with O.C. Artillery covering the raid area, and watches must be synchronised.
5.Fixing, priming, and detonating of Bangalore Torpedoes require very careful arranging, and on no account during the advance across ‘No Man’s Land’ must the fuse be allowed to get wet. This is of great importance.
6.Raiding Party must be in such close proximity to the enemy’s front line that they can, without any loss of time, rush straight into the trenches immediately after the barrage lifts – a few seconds delay would enable the Germans to man their defences and bring machine guns into action.

http://www.border-regiment.kerchi.co.uk/wikiproject/index.php?title=1st_Battalion_War_Diary,_September_1916#Report_on_Raid_made_by_1st_Border_Regiment_on_night_30th_Sept._1916.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Secend Lieutenant Innes Meo, diary entry (30th September, 1916)

Sent to Casualty Clearing Station at Guezancourt. Officer in next bed with awful shell-shock, also airman with broken nerves. God, what sights.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWmeo.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

15952 L/Cpl.Fred Latham M.M.

(...) On September 29th, "P","R" and "S" Companies were withdrawn from the fighting and sent to Kay Dump. However,"Q" Company remained behind after reports were recieved of the German attack at Stuff Redoubt , being sent (at 7.40pm) to reinforce the garrison at Stuff Redoubt. The other companies were sent up to reserve at Mouquet Farm carrying supplies to the front.

The 30th September saw fierce fighting continuing for the redoubt (Q Coy being in the redoubt itself and P Coy supplying them with ammunition). At 4pm an attack was organised to capture the remainder of Hessian Trench and the southern part of Stuff Redoubt which was still in German hands. This attack was to be carried out by 32nd Brigade with the battalion in support. This attack was a complete success and heralded the relief of "P","R" and "S" Companies at 4.30pm by the 2/South Lancs., and of "Q" Company at midnight by the 10/Cheshires. Upon this relief, the battalion returned to shelter at Aveluy.

The operations of 26th to the 30th September 1916 had cost the battalion 309 casualties and , at some point over these five days, Fred Latham performed an act of bravery sufficient to warrant his award of the Military Medal. (...)

http://www.pathsofglory.co.uk/Fred%20Latham.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Les Darcy’s Last Fight: Les Darcy vs George Chip 1916

Historical footage of Australian boxing champion Les Darcy and American George Chip at the Sydney Stadium on 30 September 1916. Highlights from rounds one, three, five, seven and nine are shown.

http://aso.gov.au/titles/historical/les-darcys-last-fight/clip1/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter Home: September 30, 1917

Public Correspondenc Table at Camp Baker El Paso Tex.
Sunday Sept 30th 1917

Dear Bro & Family:-

Will now answer your letter. We just returned yesterday afternoon from Las Cruces, New. Mex. where we went to attend the Dona Anna County Fair. We had a fine time the people sure did treat us fine. much better than they do in El Paso. in El Paso all they think of is getting the soldiers money. We gave an exhibition of our skill at the fair. the people all thought our work was grand and sure did cheer us when we pulled out of the fair grounds. The 7th Caverly band and the companys K and F. of the 7th Caverly were there. allso a Motor machine gun Co. and Field Hospital Co. No. 1. There are lots of swell chickens in Las Cruces which added to our pleasure. Tell Downey Hello. I would send him a card but have forgotten his address. Well I will have to cut this letter short as there is nothing to write about as everything is the same old grind. Answer Soon. love to All

Robert E. Schalles
Amb Co. No. 1 Camp Baker
El Paso, Tex.

http://www.robertschallesmemorial.com/LettersSub/a09301917.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Air Battle over Palestine as told in the Kriegs-Chronik der Leipziger Neuesten Nachrichten. January 1917- December 1917

Sonntag, 30.September 1917. Sinaifront: Beiderseitiges heftiges Artilleriefeuer und Fliegertätigkeit. Im Luftkampfe wurde ein feindliches Flugzeug zum Niedergehen hinter den feindlichen Stellungen gezwungen. Zwei andere entkamen durch Flucht.

Sunday, 30.September 1917. Sinai Front: Mutual violent artillery fire and flier activity. In aerial combat a hostile airplane was forced to land behind the hostile positions. Two others escaped by fleeing.


In September another British squadron was formed, this time, 113 Sqn RFC. The squadron was to specialize as the Corps unit for trench fighting and tactical reconnaissance. 1 Sqn AFC was to become a specialized bombing squadron. The German aircraft of Rumplers, Fokker EIII's, Pfalz EII's and Alabtros Scout aircraft still out performed the obselete aircraft the entente squadrons in the Palestinian Theatre received.

On the 1st of September the Australian pilot Ross Smith in a BE2 fought a duel with the Albatros DIII of Leutnant Schmarje. In the ensuing engagement Smith was badly wounded in the head and Schmarje fell out of the fight and crashed. A wireless was intercepted stating that "Schmarje is dead". This was Smith's first victory of an eventual eleven which would make Smith the leading ace in the theatre.

http://www.southsearepublic.org/2004_2002/feature/palestine1917.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Frank Hurley in Albert

(...) Shortly after taking up his appointment as Australia’s official war photographer in August 1917, Captain Frank Hurley visited Albert. After dinner in the officers rest club, Hurley ventured out into the ruined town and took what he described as a ‘moonlight flashlight study of the leaning Madonna’. The explosion of his flashlight powder frightened the few local inhabitants who had ventured back to Albert. They thought a bombardment was beginning and were much relieved to discover only a ‘camera enthusiast’. In the morning Hurley spent much time in the vicinity of the ruined basilica attempting to find suitable angles from shell-holed walls and ruined buildings for photographs:

The interior is a very pitiful sight. The roof in most places has been shot away and many of the great supporting columns. The rest are so torn and mutilated by shell fragments as to be irreparable. Whilst the architecture of this great edifice does not compare with other of the famous French cathedrals, it is magnificent nevertheless.
- Frank Hurley, diary, 30 September 1917, www.nla.gov.au/nla.ms-ms883-1-5-s59

http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/pozieres-albert/index.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

James Ryan

James Ryan was 6ft tall and looked older, which was why he was accepted as a volunteer at just 16 years of age. He joined the Royal Field Artillery as a Gunner (service no. 1385) and was mobilised on the 4th August 1914 from Southampton to Alexandria. He travelled to Cairo, Ismailia, Kantarah, Albania, Port Said and into Turkey, fighting in Gallipoli and the Dardanelles with the 1st Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 1/4th East Lancs. Battery, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. After a spell at home he returned to fight in France and Belgium. In a letter home he stated that 'there isn't a bullet with my name on', which proved correct when Jim was killed by mustard gas on 30th September 1917 on the Menin Road during the third battle of Passchendale . He is buried at the Mendingham cemetery where his headstone shows his age as 22yrs old, which is incorrect as he had lied about his age when he volunteered.

http://thegreatwararchive.blogspot.com/2008/09/james-ryan.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First non-stop transatlantic flight

In June 1919, Captain Jack Alcock and his navigator Lieutenant Arthur Whitten Brown
made history by becoming the first people to fly non-stop across the Atlantic Oceanwinning
the £10,000 prize from the Daily Mail for the first uninterrupted flight across the
ocean. Worth £20,000 in today’s money, it had taken 6 years for the prize to be claimed.
Alcock was born in Manchester and was involved with aircraft from the earliest days of
their existence. He was awarded his pilot’s certificate by the Royal Aero Club in 1912.
The same year, he took part in the London to Manchester air race, coming 4th on the
outward leg and 2nd on his return.
Before his pioneering flight across the Atlantic, Alcock had been a pilot in World War
One. He was stationed on the Greek island of Lemnos, at Murdos. He became a war
hero, receiving the Distinguished Service Cross for shooting down two German aircraft
on 30 September 1917. The same evening, his engines failed over Gallipoli, and he
and his crew became prisoners of war in Turkey. Letters home to friends and family
show Alcock’s resilience in the face of imprisonment.

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documents/05nov09-aac-flight.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Woodrow Wilson endorses women's suffrage on Sept. 30, 1918

On this day in 1918, President Woodrow Wilson urged a joint session of Congress to guarantee women the right to vote. Although the House had earlier approved what ultimately became the 19th constitutional amendment, the Senate had yet to vote on the measure.

On Jan. 12, 1915, the House had taken up a suffrage bill, but it failed to reach even the needed two-thirds majority, losing 174-204.

With women playing an expanded role in the mobilization effort during World War I, the bill came before the House again on Jan. 10, 1918. On the prior evening, Wilson had appealed to the House to pass the bill. This time, it went through with one vote more than the necessary two-thirds.

When Wilson appealed again on this day in 1918, the Senate came up two votes short. On Feb. 10, 1919, the Senate leadership tried again, this time failing by just one vote.

In his first term, Wilson had taken a lukewarm attitude toward women’s suffrage. In 1917, suffragists picketed the White House and berated Wilson for paying mere lip service to their cause.

Several arrested suffragists went on a hunger strike. When Wilson learned that they were being force-fed in jail, he finally decided to champion their cause wholeheartedly.

In his Sept. 30 speech, Wilson said, "We have made partners of the women in this war. ... Shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and toil and not to a partnership of privilege and right?"

The 1918 midterm elections altered the balance of power on the issue. On May 21, 1919, the House endorsed women's suffrage 304-89. On June 4, the Senate finally followed suit, approving the amendment 56-25 and sending it to the states for ratification.

http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0907/6071.html

We have made partners of the women in this war; shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and toil and not to a partnership of privilege and right? This war could not have been fought, either by the other nations engaged or by America, if it had not been for the services of the women—services rendered in every sphere—not merely in the fields of effort in which we have been accustomed to see them work, but wherever men have worked and upon the very skirts and edges of the battle itself. We shall not only be distrusted but shall deserve to be distrusted if we do not enfranchise them with the fullest possible enfranchisement, as it is now certain that the other great free nations will enfranchise them. We cannot isolate our thought or our action in such a matter from the thought of the rest of the world. …
I propose it as I would propose to admit soldiers to the suffrage, the men fighting in the field for our liberties and the liberties of the world, were they excluded. The tasks of the women lie at the very heart of the war, and I know how much stronger that heart will beat if you do this just thing and show our women that you trust them as much as you in fact and of necessity depend upon them.
And not to the winning of the war only. It is vital to the right solution of the great problems which we must settle, and settle immediately, when the war is over. We shall need them in our vision of affairs, as we have never needed them before, the sympathy and insight and clear moral instinct of the women of the world.


https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nBXbVN12ezRj_BPzrqnSjyqN4MhjsVO6DGI6TPYiBfs/edit via http://whatisavoteworth.org/woodrow-wilson-address-to-the-senate-on-the-nineteenth-amendment-30-september-1918/
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- F. Scott Fitzgerald


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 30 Sep 2019 8:48, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2010 20:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1919)

30 september 1919 - Frans Jansens (Strikken) verbleef gedurende vijftig maanden aan het front. Acht frontstrepen. Oorlogskruis met palm voor getoonde moed en dapperheid tijdens zijn aanwezigheid aan het front. Overwinningsmedaille, IJzerkruis, Herinneringsmedaille. Militaire Decoratie 2de klasse. Onbepaald verlof vanaf 30 september 1919 (veertig dagen verlof vanaf 21 augustus). Zijn wapens en kledij werden bewaard in het depot van St.-Bernardus Hemiksem. Aanwezig op de jaarlijkse monsteringen (maart 1920, 3 juli 1922, 14 juli 1923, 2 juli 1924 en 2 juli 1929. Definitief verlof op 31 december 1937. Vuurkaart nr. J.2531.

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=192:10-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1919&catid=90:oorlog
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:04    Onderwerp: Willebroek, 30.09.1914 Reageer met quote

Tijdens de eerste Wereldoorlog bleef Willebroek niet gespaard. Vanuit het aanpalende Fort van Breendonk rommelde het aanhoudend. Op 30 september 1914 werd Willebroek gebombardeerd. Tal van huizen werden daarbij vernield en in brand gestoken.


http://www.volkshuisvestingwillebroek.be/nl/geschiedenis-56.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:14    Onderwerp: Kronieken van Leest, 30.09.1914 Reageer met quote

Kronieken van Leest

1914 – 30 september : Het fort van Walem werd door de Duitsers ingenomen. De Belgische soldaten sloegen op de vlucht. (KH)

1914 – 30 september :
“...Jan Baptist De Cuyper ,zijne vrouw Francisca De Buyser en Antoon Edward Leemans, landbouwers te Leest uit de Blaasveldstraat, werden bij hunne vlucht, op 30 september 1914, aan het kasteel Lefebvre te Blaasveld, door de Duitsche soldaten gevangen genomen. Ze werden tegen de muur eener woning opzij geplaatst, met den rug naar de Duitschers. Eene ontploffing volgde, en deze drij personen vielen getroffen ten gronde. Leemans bleef roerloos ten gronde liggen, eenigen tijd daarna bemerkende dat de Duitsers vertrokken waren, kon hij, alhoewel zwaar gewond, zich oprichten en verder vluchten in de richting Willebroek, waar hij verpleegd werd.
Een zijner armen was verminkt, zoodanig dat hij meer dan zes maand in ‘t
gasthuis verbleef ; het gevolg is dat hij zijne werkkracht verloren heeft voor dit lichaamsdeel.
Zijne twee gezellen, De Cuyper en vrouw, verloren er het leven bij.
Leemans verklaarde dat de Duitschers bij het plegen dezer moorddaden, maar 2 of 3 passen van hen stonden.
Verschillende inwoners der gemeente, waarbij ouderlingen, vrouwen en kinderen waren niet gevlucht. Sommigen werden in de gemeente zelf in eenige huizen bij elkander geplaatst,anderen werden naar Zemst geleid en daar verschillende dagen opgesloten gehouden.
Jaak Teughels werd, na zich verschillende dagen verdoken gehouden te hebben onder een goot, en zich gevoed te hebben met rapen en wortels, door de Duitschers ontdekt. Alhoewel hij alleen niet meer kon gaan, werd hij niettemin naar Mechelen en vervolgens naar Duitschland gezonden.
Gelukkig werd hij na korte tijd teruggezonden wegens zijn zwakke gesteltenis. In bijna alle woningen, door de gevlucht zijnde bewooners verlaten, werd ingebroken. Deuren, kasten, geldkoffers verbrijzeld en den inhoud ervan geroofd. Al wat eenige waarde had als ljnwaad, kleedsel, beddegoed, juwelen en gereedschap werd meegenomen of verbrijzeld door de Duitsche overweldigers. Veel vee, bijzonder zwijnen en pluimgedierte werd geslacht door de Duitschers, en dit in zulk getal, dat verschillige zwijnenrompen geheel bewerkt na slachting, later in staat van ontbinding op verschillige plaatsen gevonden zijn.
Door de beschieting is groote schade aangericht aan de kerk, dezer meubelen, aan den toren, aan de pastorij, aan de grafmonumenten en aan de omheiningsmuur van het kerkhof.
Eene klas der meisjesschool is in brand gestoken en den inhoud is door het vuur vernield. Vele schoolmeubelen zijn door de Duitschers vernield en al de boeken zijn verbrand geworden.” (GA-8/1/1920)



http://blog.seniorennet.be/kroniekenvanleest/archief.php?ID=1100057
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:26    Onderwerp: On This Day - 30 September 1914 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 30 September 1914

Western Front

Battle extends northwards round Roye and Arras.

New French army concentrated round Amiens and Lens.

French occupy Lille.

Antwerp: Waterworks destroyed.

Eastern Front

Germans entrench south of Kyeltsi (south-west Poland).

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Tsing-tau: German destroyer sunk in the harbour.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1914_09_30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:31    Onderwerp: On This Day - 30 September 1915 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 30 September 1915

Western Front

French gain more ground in Champagne; fighting round Loos continues.

Special "Order of Day" by Sir John French.

Eastern Front

German advance comes to a standstill nearly all along line, though Russians still retiring slowly round Lutsk and in Southern Pripet marshes region.

Russians still hold Dvinsk strongly.

Southern Front

Italian offensive continues amid ice and snow.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1915_09_30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:34    Onderwerp: On This Day - 30 September 1916 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 30 September 1916

Western Front

Thiepval ridge (except part of Schwaben Redoubt) all occupied.

Advance south of Eaucourt l'Abbaye.

Eastern Front

Falkenhayn in Transylvania attacks the Roter Turm pass.

Romanian 1st Army retreats over Fogaras Mts.

Great battle in Galicia (near Zlota Lipa and Brzezany) commences.

Russians advance in Brody region.

Southern Front

British cross Struma river at Orliak and capture villages left bank.

Towards Florina, Serbs capture Mt. Kaymakchlan (25 miles east south-east of Monastir).


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1916_09_30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:37    Onderwerp: On This Day - 30 September 1917 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 30 September 1917

Western Front

Aeroplane raid on London: 4 machines penetrate defences; 14 killed, 38 injured.

Three German flame attacks between Tower Hamlets and Polygon Wood repulsed.

Germans gain temporary footing at Berry-au-Bac (Aisne river).

5,296 prisoners and 11 guns, etc., taken by British during September.

Southern Front

Successful Italian attack on Bainsizza Plateau; 600 prisoners taken.

Naval and Overseas Operations

St. Denis Westrem again bombed.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1917_09_30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Sep 2012 19:39    Onderwerp: On This Day - 30 September 1918 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 30 September 1918

Western Front

Important progress on St. Quentin-Cambrai front, Thorigny-Guistain-Rumilly taken.

Cambrai fired by enemy.

General Gouraud, on 20-mile front in Champagne takes Ste. Marie-a-Py, etc.

General Mangin progresses on Aisne and Vesle.

Belgians take Dixmude and threaten Roulers.

Stiff American fighting in Argonne Forest.

British progress north of Neuve Chapelle.

Southern Front

Bulgaria surrenders at noon and accepts the Allied terms.

Opening of Sobranje and King's Speech.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Damascus taken by British and Arabs. 7,000 prisoners.

End of Battle of Samaria.

Naval and Overseas Operations

British seaplane squadron over Heligoland Bight.

U.S.S. "Ticonderoga" torpedoed (121 soldiers lost).


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1918_09_30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bulgarije in de Eerste Wereldoorlog

Het Koninkrijk Bulgarije nam deel aan de Eerste Wereldoorlog aan de kant van de Centrale Mogendheden van 14 oktober 1915, toen het land de oorlog verklaarde aan Servië, tot 30 september 1918, wanneer de wapenstilstand van Thessaloniki werd ondertekend. (...)

Hoewel de oorlog aanvankelijk gekenmerkt werd door succesvolle campagnes, nadat aan de meeste Bulgaarse territoriale aspiraties was voldaan in 1915 en 1916, veranderde de oorlog voor Bulgarije in een uitputtingsoorlog. Deze langere periode verzwakte de economie aanzienlijk, creëerde diverse voedselproblemen en verminderde de gezondheid en het moreel van de frontsoldaten. Onder deze omstandigheden slaagden de Geallieerden erin om het front in Macedonië vanuit Griekenland te doorbreken en te zorgen voor een ineenstorting van het Bulgaarse Leger, doordat vele soldaten deserteerden en de republiek uitriepen. Bulgarije werd door de situatie gedwongen om een wapenstilstand te sluiten met de Geallieerden op 30 september 1918. Tsaar Ferdinand I deed afstand van de troon op 3 oktober 1918, ten faveure van zijn erfgenaam Boris III. (...)

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgarije_in_de_Eerste_Wereldoorlog
Ook hier: https://richmondww1.wordpress.com/2018/09/30/richmond-ww1-diary-30-september-1918/
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- F. Scott Fitzgerald


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 30 Sep 2019 9:08, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 september 1918 - Bevrijding Westrozebeke, Oostnieuwkerke en Sleihage

Na de inname van Moorslede door de geallieerden werd geprobeerd om Beitem en Roeselare binnen te dringen, maar dit lukte niet door de onverwachte sterke verdediging van de Duitsers. Op 30 september werd Westrozebeke na twee dagen wel ingenomen door de geallieerde troepen.

Oostnieuwkerke werd zonder moeite ingenomen maar bij het verder oprukken, ten hoogte van de Most en het Gemeenhof, was er zeer veel weerstand en vielen er heel wat slachtoffers. Bij de gevechten om Sleihage stierven er veel Duitse soldaten waardoor Sleihage kon bevrijd worden. In Hooglede stootten de troepen op hevig Duits verzet.

Na twee dagen hard vechten werden heel wat Belgen afgelost door de Franse troepen. Beveren werd op 30 september volledig ontruimd. Na de ontruiming gingen heel wat Duitse soldaten en burgers op plundertocht in het verlaten dorp. Ook in Roeselare werden alle burgers verplicht om de stad te verlaten. Er verlieten echter slechts 1200 Roeselarenaars hun stad die dag. Maar uiteindelijk zouden bijna alle burgers de stad verlaten omdat het te gevaarlijk werd. In Oekene verlieten de volgende dagen ook merendeel van de bevolking hun woonst. Het duurde echter nog 2 weken vooraleer Roeselare en de andere BIE-gemeenten bevrijd werden.

http://veertienachttien.be/nl/tijdslijn/30-september-1918-bevrijding-westrozebeke-oostnieuwkerke-en-sleihage
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De exodus van 30 september 1918. Van Linselles naar Herentals. Dagboek van Hélène Six-Castelain

Op 30 september 1918 vluchtte de vijftien jarige Hélène Six-Castelain samen met haar familie voor het oorlogsgeweld in de grensgemeente Linselles. Deze vlucht bracht haar uiteindelijk tot in Herentals. Hélène hield over haar tocht door Vlaanderen een dagboek bij. Dit document wordt hier integraal gepubliceerd, met een inleiding van haar kleinzoon, Thomas Beaufils.

Als er belangstelling is: eerst betalen, dan lezen! Te bekomen via https://www.les-plats-pays.com/article/les-%C3%A9vacu%C3%A9s-du-30-septembre-1918.-de-linselles-%C3%A0-herenthals.-journal-dh%C3%A9l%C3%A8ne-six-castelain---de-exodus-van-30-september-1918.-van-linselles-naar-herentals.-dagboek-van-h%C3%A9l%C3%A8ne-six-castelain
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Joncourt, 30th September 1918

Short film showing the aftermath of a single action in the First World War on the 30th September, 1918. Created by Oxford University's First World War Poetry Digital Archive Project.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5fdYJTTv2rk
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30-9-1918: politieke crisis in Berlijn, rijkskanselier von Hertling biedt zijn ontslag aan

Op 30 september 1918 aanvaardt de Duitse keizer het ontslag van rijkskanselier graaf von Hertling, de keizer wil een nieuwe regering, die - voor het eerst- op een parlementaire meerderheid moet steunen. (...)

Lees vooral verder op https://www.vrt.be/vrtnws/nl/drafts/Wetenschap/30-09-1918-politieke-crisis-in-berlijn-rijkskanselier-von-hert/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 September 1918 - Private E J Ryan, VC.

Edward John Francis Ryan VC, better known as John Ryan, was approximately twenty eight years old, and a private in the 55th Battalion, (N.S.W.), Australian Imperial Force during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 30 September 1918 at the Hindenburg Defences, France, when the enemy succeeded in establishing a bombing party in the rear of the battalion's recently won position, Private Ryan, on his own initiative, organized and led a party of men with bombs and bayonets against the enemy. He reached the position with only three men and they succeeded in driving the enemy back. Private Ryan cleared the last of them alone, finally falling wounded himself.

https://www.facebook.com/SaleRSLClub/posts/30-september-1918-private-e-j-ryan-vcedward-john-francis-ryan-vc-better-known-as/1126447910838553/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

30 September 1918 : US Army Nurse Grace Copeland

Born 19 August 1890 at Boone County, Indiana, Grace graduated from Indianapolis City Hospital in 1917 and enlisted as an Army Nurse on 18 July 1918. Assigned to the Base Hospital at Camp Wadsworth and then to Hotel Holley, New York, she was sent overseas to Base Hospital Nr 68 in September 1918. On 30 September 1918, she died of meningitis at the US Base Hospital in Portsmouth, England and was initially buried at Magdalen Hill Cemetery, Winchester (England). Grace's body was repatriated to the USA post-war and she is now interred at Lebanon, Indiana.

https://www.westernfrontassociation.com/on-this-day/30-september-1918-nurse-grace-copeland/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 8:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Medical notebook, 30 September 1918-19 June 1919

Abstract. John Eugene Wine was born 31 July 1889, near Forestville, Shenandoah County, Virginia, to Reverend Daniel P. Wine and Rebecca Good Wine. He attended Bridgewater College, 1911, and the Medical College of Virginia, 1917. After college he did his post-graduate work at the Rockefeller Institute and Columbia University, New York. During World War I he enlisted with the Medical Reserve Corps and served in France, 1918-1919. After the war he opened a practice in Harrisonburg, Virginia. On 11 May 1918 he married Nell S. Fennell. He died in Harrisonburg on 1 March 1967.

https://virginiamemory.com/transcribe/items/show/3157
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 9:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Bellicourt - 30 September 1918

30 September 1918 – At the Battle of Bellicourt (part of the Battle of the Hindenburg Line) PTE EA Corey, stretcher bearer with 55 Bn, won a third bar to his Military Medal, thus becoming the only soldier to be awarded the MM four times.

https://veteranssa.sa.gov.au/note/pte-ea-corey-stretcher-bearer-with-55-bn-won-a-third-bar-to-his-military-medal-thus-becoming-the-only-soldier-to-be-awarded-the-mm-four-times/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 9:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Belgische oorlogsdagboeken 1914-1918 online

Bij het bladeren door het onvolprezen Lectuur Repertorium kwam een onzer medewerkers juist deze auteur tegen: Jos de Cuyper (Brugge, 26 juni 1891 – Zarren, 30 september 1918). Hij studeerde geneeskunde te Gent, werd oorlogsvrijwilliger en sneuvelde nog geen anderhalf maand vóór de wapenstilstand.

In 1968 verzorgde zijn broer André de Cuyper de uitgave van Journal de campagne 1914-1917. Oorlogsboek van een hulpdokter bij het Belgische leger (Genootschap voor geschiedenis, Brugge).

Dat boek leidde onze medewerker naar deze pagina van de Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent: “World War, 1914-1918 Personal narratives, Belgian”. Die geeft een overzicht van alle Belgische oorlogsdagboeken 1914-1918, waarvan een aantal online te lezen is.

Hiervandaan doorklikken: http://nederlandsepoezie.eu/?p=2328
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 9:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

TWO BRITISH PLANES ATTACKING THE TURKISH ARMY CORPS IN THE GORGE OF THE WADI BARODA, LEBANON, 30 SEPTEMBER 1918

Object description - Two British planes fly up a narrow valley. Below there is a steam train running alongside a river.
Label - A sketch based on flights over the Wadi Baroda, intended as a study for a larger canvas which was not executed. The scene records the events of 30 September 1918, when eight trains carrying 14,000 Turks attempting to retreat from Damascus were attacked by British aircraft.

'Schets'... https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/4498
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 9:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

R.K. Schaakvereniging De Pion

Het gebeurde op zondag 30 september 1917 - In de tijd dat de zegen van boven nog onontbeerlijk was, legden drie broers en hun vriend Adolf de basis voor R.K. Schaakvereniging De Pion. Met als gevolg veel kampioenschappen, tijdelijk een eigen onderbond, bestuurlijk genoegen en ongenoegen, steeds weer andere mooie speelzalen en steeds heftiger verslagen in de verenigingsperiodieken ’t Pionbabbeltje en weer later De Pionier. (...)

Lees verder op http://www.espion.amsterdam/espion/historie/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 9:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Protest tegen hoge prijzen en schaarste, 1917

De Sociaal Democratische Arbeiders Partij (SDAP) en het Nederlandse Verbond van Vakverenigingen (NVV) organiseerden op 30 september 1917 een demonstratie tegen de gestegen voedselprijzen en de schaarste van voedsel. Hier lopen de demonstranten in de Burgemeester Reigerstraat te Utrecht. (Foto uit: Tijdschrift Panorama)

https://www.geschiedenislokaalutrechtwo1.nl/bronnen/protest-tegen-hoge-prijzen-en-schaarste/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Sep 2019 9:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First World War Letters Of H.J.C. Peirs

30. 9. 17.

My dear Father,

I have one or two letters from the girls to acknowledge which I found on getting back. I finished my journey the other night in a car which I managed to get out of the Division having taken a dinner off them first. I had a job to find the Battalion as they were said to be in a village & when I got to the village it wasn’t there & no one was to be seen, it being 11 p. m. However I eventually found a belated Y. M. C. A. bloke in his tent & so found the Battalion.

We came into the line or rather into support the next day where we still are & are taking steps to improve our accommodation which is very bad & draughty & all the shelters will leak like sieves when the rain comes. At present we are having glorious days & chilly nights. I expect you are getting bombed nightly, but such events do not occur here & we almost welcome the sound of a shell as it breaks the silence.

The front line seems very quiet & there is very little doing except for a few trench mortars. We did an attack here some little time ago & collared some ground & things have not quietened down yet, though it is now a picnic compared to our last place. I find the a large number of the Battalion have throats owing to the gassing we were in 3 weeks ago & no doubt mine was the same, though I didn’t jump at the correct reason for it. The C. O. has gone to Brigade while the B. G. C. is on leave. We are living in huts in a quarry & wander about where we like. In the line we live in a deep dugout alongside a main road & on emerging walk up the road to the front line with a bit of trench for the last 300 yards.

There are no signs of strafing except that almost all the trees & villages are down, but the fields between are as they always were, only overgrown with weeds. We can get lots of vegetables for ourselves in the gardens, but the fresh milk & egg question is a difficulty as there are no occupied farms for miles. The A. aircraft people keep chickens as they have little else to do, but they have ceased to lay. Divisional Hqrs. keep their own cow & it would be quite easy for us to do so, but they are difficult to buy. There is an extraordinary sense of space here compared with our last area where the whole country is nothing but camps & transport lines, while you can go for miles here & never come across a soul.

The sun has set, & our rations will consequently arrive at any moment. they don’t come up by day as it is possible for the Bosch to see the road they might have to use & the Bosch might find a shell or two to chuck at them though personally I believe you could bring an army corps up in broad daylight & not a word said, however they will have to take this letter back, so I cease.

Love to all

Jack.

https://jackpeirs.org/letters/30-september-1917/
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