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29 Januari
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 9:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Doodsoorzaken Baarle-Hertog 1915

Naam: Jacobs, Jan Baptist
Sex: M
Geboortedatum: 9-6-1838
Burgerlijke staat: Weduwnaar
Beroep: Zonder
Datum: 29-1-1915
Oorzaak: Hersenverweking

https://www.broos.org/burg-stand-en-dtb/doodsoorzaken-baarle-hertog-1915

Hersenverweking: afsterven van de hersenen door ouderdom, afsluiting van bloedvaten of syfilis.

Wéér wat geleerd... https://www.dokterdokter.nl/encyclopedie/hersenverweking/?
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 9:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Krantenartikel over de Bloedige Zondag in Maribor, gepubliceerd in Die Neue Zeitung op 29 januari 1919

http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno?apm=0&aid=nzg&datum=19190129&seite=1

Krantenartikel over de Bloedige Zondag in Maribor, gepubliceerd in Reichspost op 29 januari 1919

http://anno.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno?apm=0&aid=rpt&datum=19190129&seite=4

Beide via Bloedige Zondag (1919): https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloedige_Zondag_(1919)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 9:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kranten in 1919: Spaanse griep onder Servische krijgsgevangenen

Rotterdamsch nieuwsblad, 29 januari 1919
Van de zieke Servische krijgsgevangenen te Enschedé zijn in de laatste dagen een 18-tal overleden, meest aan de gevolgen van de Spaansche griep.

Algemeen Handelsblad, 29 januari 1919
De Spaansche griep onder de Serviërs. Men schrijft ons uit Barneveld: De Spaansche griep blijft onder de in het kamp te Milligen vertoevende Servische soldaten nog hevig heerschen. In een halve week tijds werden op het kleine kerkhofje te Garderen niet minder dan 20 militairen begraven.

https://ifthenisnow.eu/nl/verhalen/kranten-in-1919-spaanse-griep-onder-servische-krijgsgevangenen
Zie ook hier: http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=22085
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 9:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

KARL MOLTRECHT

Karl Moltrecht werd geboren op 24 mei 1860 in een klein dorp in Livonia, het gebied van het huidige Estland en Letland. Livonia was onderdeel van het Russische Rijk en de familie Moltrecht hoorde bij de Duitstalige minderheid. Karl werd geboren in een echte domineesfamilie en leek voorbestemd om ook predikant te worden. Hij studeerde vanaf 1879 theologie aan de Universiteit van Dorpat. Daar maakte hij deel uit van de broederschap van Duitstalige studenten. In 1886 studeerde Karl af en kon hij als luthers predikant aan de slag.

Nadat hij in diverse gemeenten met ervaren predikanten had meegelopen, kreeg hij in 1889 een eigen gemeente: Code. Het was ronduit opmerkelijk dat hij als man uit Livonia werd aangesteld in Koerland. In 1891 werd hij opnieuw benoemd in een gemeente in deze provincie: Dundaga. Hij deed het goed bij de Duitse en de Letse gemeenschap. Moltrecht stond bekend als een conservatieve theoloog en een harde werker. Hij trotseerde lange afstanden om zijn gemeenteleden te bezoeken. Soms moest hij te paard of te voet wel 60 kilometer afleggen voor een pastoraal bezoek. In 1900 werd hij op de leeftijd van nog maar 40 jaar decaan van Piltene.

Revolutie

Het uitbreken van de Russische Revolutie in 1905 betekende een groot gevaar voor predikanten en priesters. Moltrecht werd ook bedreigd, maar bleef in tegenstelling tot anderen op zijn post. De revolutie bracht verdeeldheid in zijn gemeente. Hoewel maar een klein deel van de kerkgangers in Dundaga de revolutie steunde, trok hij het zich enorm aan. Was hij wel een goede predikant? Had hij zijn gemeenteleden in prediking en pastoraat niet moeten weerhouden om mee te doen? Moltrecht overwoog om zijn ontslag in te dienen, maar overwon zijn geloofscrisis. In 1906 redde hij vele gemeenteleden het leven, omdat ze door de Russen werden beschuldigd van steun aan de revolutie.

Grootgrondbezitters en geestelijken

Na de bezetting door de Duitse troepen in de Eerste Wereldoorlog brak er opnieuw een explosieve periode aan in Koerland. De bolsjewisten namen op 3 januari 1919 de macht over. Dat was niet alleen slecht nieuws voor de adel, maar ook voor de geestelijken. Moltrecht was niet bang. Hij leefde in betrekkelijke armoede en veronderstelde dat de bolsjewisten het vooral op de rijken hadden gemunt. Hij bleef zijn gemeente trouw. Op 15 januari werd hij gearresteerd en zei hij tegen zijn vrouw: “Er kan mij niets gebeuren…”. De haat van de bolsjewisten richtte zich vooral op de grootgrondbezitters, maar toen zij werden weggevoerd keek de commandant naar Moltrecht: “Hij is van het soort dat ook moet meekomen”.

Er werd een hoorzitting gehouden, maar de verdachten kregen niet de gelegenheid om zich te verweren: “Het is genoeg! Zwijg!” Voordat ze werden gedood moesten Moltrecht en 18 anderen hun eigen graf delven. Karl Moltrecht overleed op 29 januari 1919.

http://www.schipperenoosterwijk.nl/20-januari-1919-karl-moltrecht/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 January 1918 – “Dunsterforce” Sets Sail

On this day in 1918, a secretly formed force of 350 hand-picked Canadian, Australian, New Zealand and British soldiers set sail for the Middle East. Known as “Dunsterforce”, they were sent to fill the void after the collapse of the Imperial Russian Army, by organizing, training and leading local resistance against the Ottoman forces. A total of forty-one men of the Canadian Expeditionary Force would join Dunsterforce (Nicholson, Canadian Expeditionary Force – 1914-1919, p. 494). To maintain secrecy prior to embarking, the men of the “Hush Hush Party” (a name stemming from the rumours during its recruitment) were kept within the vicinity of the London Tower. Some sources claim they were locked in the Tower, others say that they only had to report to the Tower daily – (See CEW Bean, “Appendix No. 5 – Australians In Mesopotamia”, in Volume V – The Australian Imperial Force in France during the Main German Offensive, 1918).

https://www.vimyfoundation.ca/29-january-1918-dunsterforce-sets-sail/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

MUSEUM OF NEW ZEALAND - TE PAPA TONGAREWA - George Leslie Adkin - diary entry Tuesday 29 January 1918

Tues. Jan. 29 - Rode down to Levin sale. Father bgt [bought] 15 3yr [year] bullocks at £11.11.0. Found one of these had swelling on neck + took it only on condition of its being passed by stock inspector. Father Dora + Marjorie went to Wgton [Wellington] by 4.35pm train. Drove Father's cattle home. Today Nancy walked all over the house chuckling with delight at the feat. It is a great sight. Read ʺWhen Greek meets Greekʺ by Paul Trent.

https://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/topic/6723
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Name: Benson, J - Service number: 4572 - Date of enrolment: 29 January 1918

http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/D7496025
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

UK - Commons Sitting of 29 January 1918

MENTION IN DISPATCHES - 29 January 1918
Major KERR-SMILEY asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he will sympathetically consider the granting to non-commissioned officers and men who have been mentioned in dispatches the right to wear a distinctive ribbon, also a star or other distinctive mark for each subsequent mention?
Mr. MACPHERSON After sympathetic consideration, it has been found that, the adoption of the suggestion of my hon. and gallant Friend would not be practicable.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/jan/29/mention-in-dispatches
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Diary entry of Lev Tikhomirov, revolutionary and later conservative thinker

29 January 1917
- I’m worse again. Temperature’s gone up … In Moscow there’s a shortage of flour and bread. The city chief administrator has announced that his reserves have run out as well and asks the people to be patient. It wasn’t long – a week at most – since he was fining bakers for not requesting flour from his reserves! What a ridiculous situation. The bakers are calling him every name under the sun, saying that he’s bought up all the flour on the cheap and is now ‘giving it by the pood [16 kilos] to his cronies!’ I’m sick to death of all this. As though the chief administrator has thousands of cronies! A veritable tower of Babel. Meanwhile ‘the representatives of the allied nations’ are banqueting with representatives of our ‘society’ and making joint declarations about our impending victory. Milner [head of British delegation to Russia] has also been describing how the English will build up our industry. Of course they will, just as they’re doing in India!

(L.A. Tikhomirov, Diary 1915-1917 , Moscow 2008)
https://www.fontanka.co.uk/twentyninthjanuarytofourthfebruary
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

An Ambassador's Memoirs - The Last French Ambassador To The Russian Court
Originally published in 1923 - translated from the French by F. A. Holt, O.B.E.

Monday, January 29, 1917 - The French, British and Italian delegates to the allied conference arrived in Petrograd this morning.
It has only taken them three days to come from Port Romanov, and their train is the first to traverse the Murman coast line from end to end.
Leaving General de Castelnau to the care of my military attaché, I took Doumergue to the Hotel de 1'Europe.
He asked me about the internal situation in Russia. I painted it without sparing the darker colours, and drew the inference that it was necessary to hasten military events.
"On the Russian front," I said, "time is not working for us now. The public does not care about the war. All the government departments and the machinery of administration are getting hopelessly and progressively out of gear. The best minds are convinced that Russia is walking straight into the abyss. We must make haste."
"I didn't think the mischief had got so far."
"You'll be able to see for yourself." He then told me in confidence that the Government of the Republic is anxious to secure the Emperor's express promise that the peace treaty shall include a clause giving France full liberty to decide the fate of the territories on the left bank of the Rhine.
I reminded him that the question of the Rhine Provinces was settled between France and Russia long ago, at any rate so far as the "war map" made it possible.
"In November 1914 the Emperor told me on his own initiative that he unreservedly gave us the left bank of the Rhine; he said so again on the 13th March last year. What more could we want?"
"But Monsieur Briand thinks we ought to bind the Russian Government by a written and detailed record ... We cannot be too careful in so serious a matter."
After a private luncheon at the embassy, I took Doumergue and General de Castelnau to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, where the conference was to hold a preliminary and official sitting to lay the foundations for its work.
The following representatives were present:
Russian: Pokrovsky, Foreign Minister; the Grand Duke Sergei Michailovich, Inspector-General of Artillery; M. Woynovski, Minister of Communications; M. Bark, Finance Minister; General Bielaïev, War Minister; General Gourko, Chief of Staff to the High Command; Admiral Grigorovitch, Minister for the Navy; M. Sazonov, who has just been appointed ambassador in London, and M. Neratov, assistant to the Minister for Foreign Affairs
French: M. Doumergue, Minister for the Colonies General de Castelnau and myself:
English: Lord Milner, minister without portfolio, Sir George Buchanan; Lord Revelstoke and General Sir Henry Wilson:
Italian: Signor Scialoja, minister without portfolio; the Marchese Carlotti and General Count Ruggieri.
At the very outset it appeared that the governments of the western Powers had only given their delegates vague instructions; no directing principle to co-ordinate the allied effort and no joint programme to hasten the common victory. After a prolonged exchange of generalities, the emptiness of which everyone felt, we modestly agreed to say that the recent conferences in Paris and Rome had sufficiently defined the object of the present meeting. We next decided that questions of a political nature should be examined by the chief delegates and ambassadors; plans of operations should be settled by the generals; a technical committee should look into questions of matériel, munitions, transport, etc.; final decisions to be taken by the full conference.

http://www.alexanderpalace.org/mpmemoirs/3_7.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Petty Officer Frederick Raymond PORTER, DSM

Service No: 171745
Age: 39
Regiment/Service: H.M. Submarine K.13. Royal Navy
Cemetery: FASLANE CEMETERY Sec. B. Grave 7.

Commended for his service in the Dardenelles between 19 February and 24 April 1915

He received the Distinguished Service Medal in May 1916 in recognition of services rendered by Petty Officers and men of the Eastern Mediterranean Squadron between the time of landing in the Gallipoli Peninsula in April, 1915, and the evacuation in December, 1915 – January, 1916:

HMS K13 was a steam-propelled First World War K class submarine of the Royal Navy. She sank in a fatal accident during sea trials in early 1917 and was salvaged and recommissioned as HMS K22.

She had previously suffered another accident when heavy seas had damaged one of the funnels and water had nearly flooded her engine room. The damage had been repaired but the next one was far more serious.

She sank in Gareloch, Argyll, Scotland, on 29 January 1917 just after noon, having signalled to HMS E50 that she was about to dive. She had 80 people on board – 53 crew, 14 employees of the shipbuilders, five sub-contractors, five Admiralty officials, a River Clyde pilot, and the captain and engineering officer from the still-completing K14. (...)

Lees verder op http://eyewitnesstours.com/petty-officer-frederick-raymond-porter-dsm-died-29-january-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Daily Telegraph, January 29 1917

Philip Gibbs’ latest despatch, this time about “Ice-clad trenches” reveals that it the hardest winter yet since the war began on the front (page 7). This probably won’t come as any surprise to those back home given the report on page 9 which opens saying that “On one aspect of the recent weather all are agreed, and that it has been very cold.” The statistics seem to bear this out, with temperatures in London barely getting above freezing, and Carmarthen Harbour freezing over. However, the report reveals that this did allow some people to indulge in skating as a silver lining.

Lekker bladeren! http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive/12214158/Daily-Telegraph-January-29-1917.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

From the Papers 29 January 1916: Lord Lieutenant Opens Recruiting Conference - What the Papers Said

Extract from Galway Express, 29.1.16
‘The quarterly meeting of the Galway County Council will be held at 11 a.m. on Wednesday next. There is a heavy list of business to be transacted, and there are two important questions in connection with the direct labour to be discussed. Mr. E. J. King, J.P., will move that roads in the Clifden Rural District be maintained by direct labour, and the Chairman will move a similar resolution regarding the Ballinasloe, Mountbellew, and Loughrea roads. The question of the increased demand for the District Lunatic Asylum will also be debated. It is hoped that if necessary, the meeting will adjourn before two o’clock, at which hour the Lord Lieutenant and Mr. John Redmond will open the Recruiting Conference.’

Extract from Tuam Herald, 29 January 1916
The Recruiting Meeting in Galway
We understand that arrangements have been made for the issue of return tickets at single fare to gentlemen attending the Conference at Galway on the 2nd February, 1916. A special train will leave Athenry for Sligo on arrival of the 5 p.m. train from Galway on the 2nd February. We trust that, as we already explained, for the reasons given in full, that there will be a full, representative and enthusiastic meeting to welcome the Lord Lieutenant and the Leader of the Irish Party.’

Extract from the Galway Express 29 January 1916
The Lord Lieutenant’s Visit
The postponed recruiting conference will be held at Galway on Wednesday next, and will be attended by his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant and Mr. John E Redmond, M.P., who will travel to Galway by special train, arriving about 12.30. The distinguished visitors will be met at the station by Mr. Mart McDonagh, J.P., Chairman, and the other members of the Urban Council, as also by the prominent gentlemen of the city and county. The local corps of the National Volunteers will form a guard of honour to his Excellency and Mr. Redmond, and the St. Patrick’s brass and reed band, and the band of the Salthill Industrial School will play appropriate selections, including the National Anthem and ‘God Save Ireland’.
Mr Martin McDongah has invited a number of prominent gentlemen to meet his Excellency and Mr. Redmond at lunch at the Railway Hotel at 1 o’clock, and at about 2.15 the visitors will drive to the Town Hall, where addresses will be presented from the Galway Urban Council, Harbour Commissioners, Co. Council, University College, and the Volunteers. The Conference will take place at 2.30 p.m. About three thousand invitations have been issued to the prominent and leading men of Connaught, and special trains will be run into the city from various centres including one from Dublin.

http://www.galwaydecadeofcommemoration.org/content/blog/2016-blog-archive/from-the-papers-29-january-1916-lord-lieutenant-opens-recruiting-conference
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 14:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 January 1916 | Jack Peirs

8th Queens
B. E. F.
29.1. 1916

My dear Mother (& family)

I have to acknowledge to-day an enormous mail item one colossal cake which I prepare to sample shortly, item one box of cigars very good & welcome as I smoked the last one of the last box last night item a letter from you item another from Cecily item another from Odd & with it one from Odd dated the 19th November written from the hospital.

I am sorry the pram has given in. I rather suspect that Wardill has not seen that the bearings of the Differential & back axle & also the bearing on the sliding joint in the connecting rod from the engine gear box to the back axle have not been greased. These should be done frequently & are easily overlooked I hope the pram won’t be out of action long & that the damage is not serious. While I am on the subject. Wardill ought to see that the wheel bearings are greased, as I never did it, as I couldn’t see how to, & she will run hot & melt the bearings if left alone. When she returns, Wardill ought to go over her carefully & grease & oil every hole he finds. I don’t know why the lamps should fail except for lack of oil & if Wardill lets you go out without oil you will get fined & he ought to be strafed.

I see the Daily Express (Tuesday’s issue) has a good deal to say about New Anzac on Sea & implies that it is a swindle. It asks for the names of all people who have got a plot of land there & it might be worth while to send yours up, so that if there is anything wrong you would know about it. Apparently you are to be charged £3.3.0 for Solicitors fees for the Conveyance & one man offered his plot for 3d & couldn’t find a buyer.

We are now back in camp, having been relieved last night. & go back again to the same trenches in a few days. I am not sorry to get out, but there is nothing to do back here, as everything & place is a sea of mud & we can only go on repairing our fort, which is a dull proceeding. I was up all the night before last as we thought there might be something on for the Kaisers birthday, but it was quite quiet. We had a little bomb show on our own & blew them out of their position in a mine crater which they hold. but these things are of no real value as don’t do really much damage with a bomb. We found a position to swipe down the length of one of their trenches, which is an ideal spot & our man loosed off about 50 rounds every time with a target in the shape of a fat Hun, so we must have annoyed them considerable.

We have been having some fun with the Division lately as they have been showing themselves rather incompetent lately so the C. O. has just brought them to their knees on one point & I had the A. P. M. on toast while the C. O. was away & our Transport Officer drove the G. O. C. into a ditch last night (unbeknown of course) so I should say that we must be rather popular at the moment. But at times these brass hats are rather trying. The G. O. C. was wandering round our trenches last night, so they took him out over some awful country to look on an isolated post we had got & rather humbled him. I am rather glad he is coming round, as he sees exactly the conditions under which things have to be done.

This fairly frightened the staff colonel who was with the G. O. C. The old man was awfully worried when they drove him into the ditch & sent out one of the Brigade staff to control the traffic. as if it was possible to control any traffic with a lot of very unhandy mules in the limbers. A pitch dark night & a road cut to bits with shells & to cram all 2 or 3 feet of mud on either side.

I have sent a blue carbon copy of this letter to Odd.

Love to all

Jack.

Commentary - Peirs is clearly growing more frustrated of his time in the trenches. The weather and the water table mean that when he describes a ‘sea of mud’ he means trenches that are full of water and men tirelessly working reinforcing their trench walls, which are likely to collapse, from water or from enemy shells. Hence why they spend so much time repairing their muddy walls and building them back up again. His ‘little fort’ was made through hundreds of hours or dull, dirty, wet work.
You will also notice that Peirs is somewhat conflicted towards his senior officers. He has been complaining for months about ‘brass hats’ or general officers who interfere with the work that he and his men are doing. But he also wants those officers to know what conditions are like, not necessarily so that they can do something about it, but more likely so that they will understand the toll living in such conditions has on the men. Rest, clean uniforms, hot food – these are things that can potentially be arranged by such a visit, or at the least, a bit of sympathy for the tasks commanders ask their men to perform.
I would not read into Peirs’s complaints any sense of demoralization on his part. As we have seen in previous letters, he is frank with his family, and has a fairly low tolerance for officialdom. Complaining about the conditions of the front is a way to make his family aware of the situation as honestly as he can while also informing them that he is holding up and that their parcels make a real difference on his quality of life.


http://jackpeirs.org/letters/29-january-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 15:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Our little ones - The realtime diaries of F.P. Welch 1913-1919

January 1915 - Friday 29
Fine day. Very dry.
Big fires all through the
Eastern part of the district
back of the Taueru. Pastures
being all burned up & stock
having to be removed. Creeks
are drying in all directions &
settlers are selling stock owing to
want of feed & water.
Down to office. Not much
doing. Mrs W Dorset in re
purchase of property & I
showed her some sections in
Bentley Street which she rather
liked.
War news state that in the
Naval battle in the North Sea fight
ing started at 18000 yds & at 17000
yds the British shots took effect.
The Battle Cruiser the Lion, Admiral
Beatty’s flagship and the Tiger drew
ahead & had the German fire concentra
ted at them the Lion eventually being
disabled & had to drop out of the fight
but not before the German battle cruiser,
Blucher, had been sunk & two others set
on fire.

https://fpwelchdiaries.wordpress.com/2015/01/29/29-january-1915/
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 15:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sacramento Union, Number 29, 29 January 1915

Germans Imprison Belgian Editors
AMSTERDAM, via London, -Jan. 28, 9:10 a.m. - Several Belgian newspaper editors have been sentenced to one and two month's imprisonment at the latest session of the German military court In Antwerp. The charges against them are not stated.

https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SU19150129.2.5
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jan 2018 15:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Berwick Advertiser - This Week in World War One, 29th January 1915

WOUNDED SOLDIERS ENTERTAINED AT BERWICK - The wounded soldiers and patients to the number of 16 and the staff at the Berwick Barracks Hospital were entertained to tea and a musical programme on Saturday last by Mrs Roper, Castle Terrace, through the kind permission of Major Steele. Accompanying Mrs Roper were Miss Roper, the Misses Forbes, and Lieut.-Colonel Hunter of the Welsh Cyclists.
After an enjoyable tea an excellent musical programme was gone through and in the course of which refreshments were dispensed. At the close Private Mutter proposed a hearty vote of thanks to Mrs Roper for her kindness in entertaining them and this the men responded to by cheering lustily. The tea was prepared by Private Corstorphine, with the assistance of the Misses Forbes, while the following members of the staff also gave their assistance:-Sergeant Thos. Mutter, Private R Mutter, and Private W.F. King.

BERWICK FREEMAN’S EXPERIENCES AT THE FRONT - Capt. J Cairns, a Berwick freeman, who was Executive Engineer of Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway, resigned immediately war was declared and came home to join his regiment. He was attached to the 1st Battalion East Yorks., which, after six weeks in the trenches, was relieved by another regiment, at which time there were only 30 yards between them and the front German trench. The men of his company (in the pauses of grenade throwing) pitched biscuits and bully beef tins at the Germans. A few days before Christmas, Capt. Cairns was brought home by the War Office, but malarial fever from the muddy trenches developed and for a fortnight he was seriously ill. Now on his recovery he has been posted to Royal Engineers and appointed for special work to the staff at the War Office.

http://www.northumberlandarchives.com/2015/01/30/this-week-in-world-war-one-29th-january-1915/
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