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29 juli

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2006 8:12    Onderwerp: 29 juli Reageer met quote

Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Kämpfe bei Sokul und Luck

Großes Hauptquartier, 29. Juli. 1916
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Im Sommegebiet fanden lebhafte Artilleriekämpfe statt. In der Gegend von Pozières scheiterten starke englische Angriffe, hart nördlich der Somme wurden Angriffsversuche durch Feuer unterdrückt.
Im Maasgebiet verlief der Tag ohne Infanterietätigkeit.
Englisches Feuer auf Französisch-Comines verursachte Verluste unter der Bevölkerung und großen Sachschaden, indessen keinerlei militärischen.
Ein feindliches Flugzeug wurde bei Roclincourt (nördlich von Arras) durch Volltreffer der Abwehrgeschütze heruntergeschossen.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Hindenburg:
Unsere Flieger griffen mehrfach mit Erfolg feindliche Truppentransportzüge und Bahnanlagen an.
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinzen Leopold von Bayern:
Auch die gestern früh noch nicht abgeschlossenen Kämpfe an der Front Skrobowa-Wygoda sind völlig zu unseren Gunsten entschieden.
Heeresgruppe des Generals v. Linsingen:
Die Russen haben ihre Angriffe gestern auch auf Teile des Stochodabschnittes und die Front nordwestlich von Luck ausgedehnt. Ein nordwestlich von Sokul angesetzter starker Angriff wurde mit schweren Verlusten für den Feind abgewiesen; schwächere Vorstöße an anderen Stellen der Stochodfront sind ebenfalls gescheitert. Nordwestlich von Luck ist es dem Feinde nach mehrmaligem vergeblichen Anlauf gelungen, in unsere Linien in der Gegend von Trysten einzudringen und uns zu veranlassen, die hier bisher noch vorwärts des Stochod gehaltenen Stellungen aufzugeben. Westlich von Luck ist der russische Angriff durch unseren Gegenstoß zum Stehen gebracht worden. Bei Zwiniacze (östlich von Gorochow) wurde der Feind glatt abgewiesen. Ein russisches Flugzeug ist südlich von Perespa im Luftkampf abgeschossen.
Armee des Generals Grafen v. Bothmer:
Mehrfach wiederholte russische Angriffe in der Gegend nordöstlich und südöstlich von Monasterzyska brachen unter großen Verlusten für den Gegner zusammen. - Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Am 26. Juli stürzte ein feindlicher Flieger aus Luftkampf über dem Dojransee ab.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Luftschiffangriff auf die englische Ostküste

Berlin, 29. Juli.
In der Nacht vom 28. zum 29. Juli hat ein Marineluftschiffgeschwader den mittleren Teil der englischen Ostküste angegriffen und dabei die Bahnanlagen von Lincoln, Industrieanlagen bei Norwich, die Flottenstützpunkte Grimsby und Immingham sowie Vorpostenfahrzeuge vor dem Humber mit Bomben belegt. Ein Leuchtturm an der Humbermündung wurde vernichtet. Trotz Beschießung mit Brandgeschossen sind alle Luftschiffe unbeschädigt in ihre Heimathäfen zurückgekehrt.

Der Chef des Admiralstabs der Marine. 1)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Vergeblicher russischer Ansturm im Dnjestrabschnitt

Wien, 29. Juli.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Der Feind hat gestern seine Angriffe an ausgedehnten Frontabschnitten wieder aufgenommen. Südlich des Dnjestr wurde der russische Anprall vor unserer östlich von Tlumacz verlaufenden zweiten Linie zum Stehen gebracht. Nordöstlich und südöstlich von Monasterzyska führte der Feind bei Tag und Nacht ununterbrochen seine Angriffskolonnen gegen die Stellungen der österreichisch-ungarischen und deutschen Truppen vor; er wurde überall zurückgeschlagen. Das Vorfeld ist mit toten und schwerverwundeten Russen bedeckt. Ebenso scheiterten alle Versuche des Gegners, bei Zwiniacze durchzudringen. Westlich von Luck gewannen die verbündeten Truppen einen beträchtlichen Teil des gestern aufgegebenen Geländes zurück. Zwischen der Turya und der von Rowno nach Kowel führenden Bahn wurden nach Abwehr mehrerer Anstürme die noch vor dem Stochod stehenden Verteidiger hinter den Fluß zurückgenommen. Ein heute früh nordwestlich von Sokul angesetzter russischer Massenstoß scheiterte unter großen feindlichen Verlusten. - Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz. Südwestlich von Paneveggio wurde ein Nachtangriff abgewiesen. - Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz: An der unteren Vojusa erhöhte Gefechtstätigkeit.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)



Der bulgarische Heeresbericht:
Kämpfe an der mazedonischen Front

Sofia, 29. Juli.
Längs der ganzen mazedonischen Front täglich schwaches Geschützfeuer und Patrouillengefechte, die für uns günstig verlaufen. Ein mit Maschinengewehren ausgerüstetes feindliches Bataillon versuchte, von einer Gebirgs- und Haubitzenbatterie unterstützt, am 25. Juli unsere vorgeschobenen Abteilungen an der Front Bahovo-Sborsko (ungefähr 25 Kilometer nördlich von Vodena) anzugreifen. Alle Angriffe wurden mit großen Verlusten für das feindliche Bataillon abgeschlagen. Unsere Gruppen schritten sodann zum Gegenangriff und bemächtigten sich der feindlichen Schützengräben. Am 26. und 27. Juli versuchten mehrere Kompagnien der serbischen Schumadiadivision die Höhen nördlich von dem Dorfe Pozar (ungefähr 25 Kilometer nordwestlich von Vodena) zu gewinnen und sich festzusetzen, wurden jedoch durch vorzeitigen Gegenangriff in die Ebene zurückgeworfen, nachdem sie bedeutende Verluste erlitten hatten. Unsere Truppen lasen 84 feindliche Leichen auf, darunter die eines Hauptmanns. Drei Mann wurden gefangengenommen. Unsere Verluste sind ganz gering.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2006 8:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

July 29

1914 Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany and Czar Nicholas of Russia exchange telegrams

In the early hours of July 29, 1914, Czar Nicholas II of Russia and his first cousin, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, begin a frantic exchange of telegrams regarding the newly erupted war in the Balkan region and the possibility of its escalation into a general European war.

One day prior, Austria-Hungary had declared war on Serbia, one month after the assassination in Sarajevo of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife by a Serbian nationalist. In the wake of the killings, Germany had promised Austria-Hungary its unconditional support in whatever punitive action it chose to take towards Serbia, regardless of whether or not Serbia’s powerful ally, Russia, stepped into the conflict. By the time an ultimatum from Vienna to Serbia was rejected on July 25, Russia, defying Austro-German expectations, had already ordered preliminary mobilization to begin, believing that Berlin was using the assassination crisis as a pretext to launch a war to shore up its power in the Balkans.

The relationship between Nicholas and Wilhelm, two grandsons of Britain’s Queen Victoria, had long been a rocky one. Though Wilhelm described himself as Victoria’s favorite grandson, the great queen in turn warned Nicholas to be careful of Wilhelm’s “mischievous and unstraight-forward proceedings.” Victoria did not invite the kaiser, who she described to her prime minister as “a hot-headed, conceited, and wrong-headed young man,” to her Diamond Jubilee celebration in 1897, nor her 80th birthday two years later. Czar Nicholas himself commented in 1902 after a meeting with Wilhelm: “He’s raving mad!” Now, however, the two cousins stood at the center of the crisis that would soon escalate into the First World War.

“In this serious moment, I appeal to you to help me,” Czar Nicholas wrote to the kaiser in a telegram sent at one o’clock on the morning of July 29. “An ignoble war has been declared to a weak country. The indignation in Russia shared fully by me is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be overwhelmed by the pressure forced upon me and be forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war.” This message crossed with one from Wilhelm to Nicholas expressing concern about the effect of Austria’s declaration in Russia and urging calm and consideration as a response.

After receiving the czar’s telegram, Wilhelm cabled back: “I…share your wish that peace should be maintained. But…I cannot consider Austria's action against Serbia an ‘ignoble’ war. Austria knows by experience that Serbian promises on paper are wholly unreliable. I understand its action must be judged as trending to get full guarantee that the Serbian promises shall become real facts…I therefore suggest that it would be quite possible for Russia to remain a spectator of the Austro-Serbian conflict without involving Europe in the most horrible war she ever witnessed.” Though Wilhelm assured the czar that the German government was working to broker an agreement between Russia and Austria-Hungary, he warned that if Russia were to take military measures against Austria, war would be the result.

The telegram exchange continued over the next few days, as the two men spoke of their desire to preserve peace, even as their respective countries continued mobilizing for war. On July 30, the kaiser wrote to Nicholas: “I have gone to the utmost limits of the possible in my efforts to save peace….Even now, you can still save the peace of Europe by stopping your military measures.” The following day, Nicholas replied: “It is technically impossible to stop our military preparations which were obligatory owing to Austria’s mobilization. We are far from wishing for war. As long as the negotiations with Austria on Serbia’s account are taking place my troops shall not make any provocative action. I give you my solemn word for this.” But by that time things had gone too far: Emperor Franz Josef had rejected the kaiser’s mediation offer, saying it came too late, as Russia had already mobilized and Austrian troops were already marching on Serbia.

The German ambassador to Russia delivered an ultimatum that night—halt the mobilization within 12 hours, or Germany would begin its own mobilization, a step that would logically proceed to war. By four o’clock in the afternoon of August 1, in Berlin, no reply had come from Russia. At a meeting with Germany’s civilian and military leaders—Chancellor Theobald Bethmann von Hollweg and General Erich von Falkenhayn—Kaiser Wilhelm agreed to sign the mobilization orders.

That same day, in his last contribution to what were dubbed the “Willy-Nicky” telegrams, Czar Nicholas pressed the kaiser for assurance that his mobilization did not definitely mean war. Wilhelm’s response was dismissive. “I yesterday pointed out to your government the way by which alone war may be avoided….I have…been obliged to mobilize my army. Immediate affirmative clear and unmistakable answer from your government is the only way to avoid endless misery. Until I have received this answer alas, I am unable to discuss the subject of your telegram. As a matter of fact I must request you to immediatly [sic] order your troops on no account to commit the slightest act of trespassing over our frontiers.” Germany declared war on Russia that same day.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 21:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

July 1914: The July Crisis: The Month of the Plotters

29 July 1914

At 1:00 am the Kaiser and Czar Nicholas II begin the famous Willy-Nilly correspondence via telegram.

The Czar orders mobilization of four military districts: Moscow, Kiev, Odessa, and Kazan.

Germany demands that Russia demobilize at once.

The Kaiser wires Saint Petersburg pleading for restraint since he is currently urging Austria to back off.

The Czar calls off mobilization, for the moment. The Russians decide on only partial mobilization and only against Austria, not Germany.

Austrian Ambassador, Count Szapary, urges Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov to call off Russian mobilization. During the meeting Sazonov is informed that Austrian monitors are shelling Belgrade from the Danube. The meeting ends in a shouting match and Szapary walks out.

In London, Grey warns German Ambassador Lichownowsky that British neutrality cannot be counted on.

http://www.worldwar1.com/tlplot.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 21:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Willy-Nicky Telegrams

Tsar to Kaiser, July 29, 1:00 A.M.

Peter's Court Palais, 29 July 1914

Sa Majesté l'Empereur
Neues Palais

Am glad you are back. In this serious moment, I appeal to you to help me. An ignoble war has been declared to a weak country. The indignation in Russia shared fully by me is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be overwhelmed by the pressure forced upon me and be forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war. To try and avoid such a calamity as a European war I beg you in the name of our old friendship to do what you can to stop your allies from going too far.

Nicky

Kaiser to Tsar, July 29, 1:45 A.M.
This and the previous telegraph crossed.

28 July 1914

It is with the gravest concern that I hear of the impression which the action of Austria against Serbia is creating in your country. The unscrupulous agitation that has been going on in Serbia for years has resulted in the outrageous crime, to which Archduke Francis Ferdinand fell a victim. The spirit that led Serbians to murder their own king and his wife still dominates the country. You will doubtless agree with me that we both, you and me, have a common interest as well as all Sovereigns to insist that all the persons morally responsible for the dastardly murder should receive their deserved punishment. In this case politics plays no part at all.

On the other hand, I fully understand how difficult it is for you and your Government to face the drift of your public opinion. Therefore, with regard to the hearty and tender friendship which binds us both from long ago with firm ties, I am exerting my utmost influence to induce the Austrians to deal straightly to arrive to a satisfactory understanding with you. I confidently hope that you will help me in my efforts to smooth over difficulties that may still arise.

Your very sincere and devoted friend and cousin

Willy

Kaiser to Tsar, July 29, 6:30 P.M.

Berlin, 29. July 1914

I received your telegram and share your wish that peace should be maintained. But as I told you in my first telegram, I cannot consider Austria's action against Servia an "ignoble" war. Austria knows by experience that Servian promises ono paper are wholly unreliable. I understand its action must be judged as trending to get full guarantee that the Servian promises shall become real facts. This my reasoning is borne out by the statement of the Austrian cabinet that Austria does not want to make any territorial conquests at the expense of Servia. I therefore suggest that it would be quite possible for Russia to remain a spectator of the austro-servian conflict without involving Europe in the most horrible war she ever witnessed. I think a direct understanding between your Government and Vienna possible and desirable, and as I already telegraphed to you, my Government is continuing its exercises to promote it. Of course military measures on the part of Russia would be looked upon by Austria as a calamity we both wish to avoid and jeopardize my position as mediator which I readily accepted on your appeal to my friendship and my help.

Willy

Tsar to Kaiser, July 29, 8:20 P.M.

Peter's Court Palace, 29 July 1914

Thanks for your telegram conciliatory and friendly. Whereas official message presented today by your ambassador to my minister was conveyed in a very different tone. Beg you to explain this divergency! It would be right to give over the Austro-servian problem to the Hague conference. Trust in your wisdom and friendship.

Your loving Nicky

Tsar to Kaiser, July 30, 1:20 A.M.

Peter's Court Palais, 30 July 1914

Thank you heartily for your quick answer. Am sending Tatischev this evening with instructions. The military measures which have now come into force were decided five days ago for reasons of defence on account of Austria's preparations. I hope from all my heart that these measures won't in any way interfere with your part as mediator which I greatly value. We need your strong pressure on Austria to come to an understanding with us.

Nicky

Kaiser to Tsar, July 30, 1:20 A.M.

Berlin, 30. July 1914

Best thanks for telegram. It is quite out of the question that my ambassadors language could have been in contradiction with the tenor of my telegram. Count Pourtalès was instructed to draw the attention of your government to the danger & grave consequences involved by a mobilisation; I said the same in my telegram to you. Austria has only mobilised against Servia & only a part of her army. If, as it is now the case, according to the communication by you & your Government, Russia mobilises against Austria, my rôle as mediator you kindly intrusted me with, & which I accepted at you[r] express prayer, will be endangered if not ruined. The whole weight of the decision lies solely on you[r] shoulders now, who have to bear the responsibility for Peace or War.

Willy

Kaiser to Tsar, July 31

Berlin, 31. July 1914

On your appeal to my friendship and your call for assistance began to mediate between your and the austro-hungarian Government. While this action was proceeding your troops were mobilised against Austro-Hungary, my ally. thereby, as I have already pointed out to you, my mediation has been made almost illusory.

I have nevertheless continued my action. I now receive authentic news of serious preparations for war on my Eastern frontier. Responsibility for the safety of my empire forces preventive measures of defence upon me. In my endeavours to maintain the peace of the world I have gone to the utmost limit possible. The responsibility for the disaster which is now threatening the whole civilized world will not be laid at my door. In this moment it still lies in your power to avert it. Nobody is threatening the honour or power of Russia who can well afford to await the result of my mediation. My friendship for you and your empire, transmitted to me by my grandfather on his deathbed has always been sacred to me and I have honestly often backed up Russia when she was in serious trouble especially in her last war.

The peace of Europe may still be maintained by you, if Russia will agree to stop the milit. measures which must threaten Germany and Austro-Hungary.

Willy

Tsar to Kaiser, July 31
This and the previous telegram crossed.

Petersburg, Palace, 31 July 1914

Sa Majesté l'Empereur, Neues Palais

I thank you heartily for your mediation which begins to give one hope that all may yet end peacefully. It is technically impossible to stop our military preparations which were obligatory owing to Austria's mobilisation. We are far from wishing war. As long as the negociations with Austria on Servia's account are taking place my troops shall not make any provocative action. I give you my solemn word for this. I put all my trust in Gods mercy and hope in your successful mediation in Vienna for the welfare of our countries and for the peace of Europe.

Your affectionate
Nicky

Tsar to Kaiser, August 1

Peter's Court, Palace, 1 August 1914

Sa Majesté l'Empereur
Berlin

I received your telegram. Understand you are obliged to mobilise but wish to have the same guarantee from you as I gave you, that these measures do not mean war and that we shall continue negociating for the benefit of our countries and universal peace deal to all our hearts. Our long proved friendship must succeed, with God's help, in avoiding bloodshed. Anexiously, full of confidence await your answer.

Nicky

Kaiser to Tsar, August 1

Berlin, 1. August 1914


Thanks for your telegram. I yesterday pointed out to your government the way by which alone war may be avoided. Although I requested an answer for noon today, no telegram from my ambassador conveying an answer from your Government has reached me as yet. I therefore have been obliged to mobilise my army.

Immediate affirmative clear and unmistakable answer from your government is the only way to avoid endless misery. Until I have received this answer alas, I am unable to discuss the subject of your telegram. As a matter of fact I must request you to immediatly [sic] order your troops on no account to commit the slightest act of trespassing over our frontiers.

Willy

http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/The_Willy-Nicky_Telegrams
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 21:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Year 1914

On 29 July, Austro-Hungarian monitors on Danube River began shelling Belgrade. The Serbians prevented the enemy from crossing the river between Belgrade and Gradishte.

The Serbian National Army, led by Chief of Staff Voyvoda (Field Marshall) Radomir Putnik, had twelve divisions, about 400,000 men, including reserves. Serbia faced severe shortages of artillery, shells and rifles, with only four machine guns per regiment. Facing them along the Drina River were the Austro-Hungarian 5th and 6th Army, each with two Army Corps.

On 29 July, Russia mobilized its forces on the Austro-Hungarian frontier. When Germany heard the news they informed Russia that her partial mobilization must be followed by war with Germany. Russia finally decided on general mobilization. Great Britain pressed the Germans to accept mediation, but warned she could not stand aside in all circumstances.

The Russian government approved the “Statute on the Field Administration of the Army in Wartime,” which made the military command superior to the civil authorities in a broad zone behind the front line. This zone included the capital of St. Petersburg, and was to move with the front line. Those drafting the law assumed that Nicholas II would be the Supreme Commander-in-Chief and foresaw no problems of civil-military coordination and cooperation.

On 29 July, French President Poincare and his party finally arrived at Dunkirk. The French Ambassador in St. Petersburg again assured Russia of support.

http://warchron.com/mobilizationWar.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 21:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 July 1914 → Lords Sitting

THE SITUATION IN SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE.


HL Deb 29 July 1914 vol 17 c284 284

THE MARQUESS OF LANSDOWNE My Lords, with the permission of the noble Viscount opposite, I should like to ask him whether he is able to give the House any further information as to the situation in South-Eastern Europe.

THE LORD PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL (VISCOUNT MORLEY) My Lords, I am afraid I have very little information to give, indeed hardly any. Your Lordships are already acquainted from the public prints with the important fact that war has been declared by Austria-Hungary against Servia. All Europe, need hardly say, is keenly alive to the far-reaching possibilities that are brought into view by this step. As to the best way of averting the spread of the war beyond the area immediately and primarily concerned all the other Powers are engaged in active communications. As to the part of His Majesty's Government in these international communications there is nothing to add, I think, to what was said yesterday afternoon by my noble friend the Leader of the House. Your Lordships may rest assured of, the earnest and unremitting efforts of His Majesty's Government, well acquainted as they are with all the complications and difficulties of the European position, to aid the cause of international peace and to avoid a vast catastrophe.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/lords/1914/jul/29/the-situation-in-south-eastern-europe
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 21:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Front page of The New York Times July 29, 1914.

Headline, "AUSTRIA FORMALLY DECLARES WAR ON SERVIA" announces the beginning of World War I.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nytimes06-29-1914.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 21:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Karl Abraham to Sigmund Freud, July 29, 1914

(...) Here too everyone is solely preoccupied with the question of war. I do not think any of the powers will bring about a general war. But there is a strong universal feeling of alarm, in spite of a very friendly attitude towards Austria. (...)

http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=zbk.052.0267a
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Preceding the Outbreak of War

28 July 1914 - Austria declares war on Serbia, and the game is afoot!

29 July 1914 - Austria mounts her attack on Serbia, but it will be 12 August 1914 before Austria is ready to do more than shell Serbian positions. The Germans urge Austria to renew negotiations with Russia and they try to obtain British neutrality. Russia orders general mobilization, altered later in the day to mobilization against Austria only after Kaiser Wilhelm sent a conciliatory message to the Tsar, his cousin "Nikky."

http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/mowbray/gw-pre.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

From Mr. Chilton (Telegram) 29 July -- Military preparations in Holland

(34584) No. 257.
Mr. Chilton to Sir Edward Grey.
The Hague, July 29, 1914.
D. 10:56 A.M.
Tel. (No. 15.)
R. 12:30 P.M.

My telegram No. 14. (1)

Although mobilisation not yet actually ordered all main railway bridges on line of German frontier are guarded by troops also all harbours and even piers at seaside resorts.

http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/1914m/gooch/251-270.htm

Hele mooie site trouwens, met heel veel telegrammen...

British Documents on the Origins of the War, 1898-1914

Voor de 29ste juli 1914 valt er te lezen:

256: From Mr. Crackanthorpe (Telegram) 29 July -- Danger to Belgrade
257: From Mr. Chilton (Telegram) 29 July -- Military preparations in Holland
258: Count Benckendorff to Sir A. Nicolson. 29 July -- Enclosing telegrams from M. Sazonof upon mobilisation and Russo-Austrian conversation
259: Mr. W. H. Page to Sir E. Grey. 29 July -- Enclosing telegram from Secretary of State as to good offices of United States
260: From Consul - General Roberts, Conversation. 29 July -- Military preparations in Russia
261: From Sir E. Goschen (Telegram) 29 July -- Movement of German cruiser
262: From Sir M. de Bunsen (Telegram) 29 July -- Austrian fleet at Catarro.
263: To Sir E. Goschen (Telegram) 29 July -- Conversation with Prince Lichnowsky as to mediation between Austria and Russia
264: From Sir E. Goschen (Telegram) 29 July -- Conversation with Herr von Bethmann Hollweg as to attitude of Austria towards proposed discussions. (Min.)
265: From Sir M. de Bunsen (Telegram) 29 July -- Views of French and Italian Ambassadors as to certainty of war
266: To Sir E. Goschen. Conversation. 29 July -- Austrian attitude to proposed discussions
267: From Sir P. Bax-Ironside 29 July -- Bulgaria
268: From Sir R. Rodd (Telegram) 29 July -- Views of Marquis di San Giuliano on present position
269: From Mr. Crackanthorpe, Conversation 29 July -- Danger to Belgrade
270: From Sir F. Bertie (Telegram) 29 July -- Public opinion in France
271 From Sir G. Buchanan (Telegram) 29 July -- Attitude of Roumania: military preparations in Russia
272: From Sir R. Rodd (Telegram) 29 July -- Military preparations in Italy
273: To Mr. Crackanthorpe, Conversation 29 July -- Danger to Belgrade
274: From Mr. Crackanthorpe, Conversation 29 July -- Danger to Belgrade
275: From Mr. Crackanthorpe, (Telegram) 29 July -- Sir E. Grey's statement in Commons on 27 July
276: From Sir G. Buchanan (Telegram) 29 July -- Mobilisation in Russia: Russo-Austrian conversations; conference of Powers German counsels to Vienna
277: From Mr. Beaumont (Telegram) 29 July -- Austrian designs in Balkans. (Min.)
278: To Mr. Crackanthorpe (Telegram) 29 July -- Cyphers and papers at Belgrade
279: From Consul Bosanquet 29 July -- Signs of war at Riga.
280: From Sir G. Buchanan, Conversation 29 July -- Signs of war at Sebastopol
281: From Sir E. Goschen (Telegram) 29 July -- Conversation with Herr von Jagow as to prospects of peace
282: To Sir M. de Bunsen 29 July -- Conversation with Count Mensdorff as to relations between Austria and Servia
283: To Sir F. Bertie 29 July -- Conversation with M. Cambon as to attitude of Great Britain
284: To Sir E. Goschen, 29 July -- Conversation with Prince Lichnowsky as to present position
285: To Sir E. Goschen, 29 July -- Conversation with Prince Lichnowsky as to possibility of mediation
286: To Sir E. Goschen, 29 July -- Conversation with Prince Lichnowsky as to attitude of Great Britain
287: To Sir R Rodd Conversation with Italian Ambassador as to possibility of mediation
288: Parliamentary Debates 29 July -- Statement by Prime Minister


... en zo nog het e.e.a.... http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/1914m/gooch/goochidx.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Henry James becomes a British subject
Originally published on 29 July 1915, The Guardian

It surprises no one to hear that Mr. Henry James has become naturalised as a British subject. There is no need to accept the explanation given by the "New York Times" – that he has been led to this step by his disapproval of the silence of the American Government on the conduct of the Germans in Belgium. His own reason given in his petition is sufficiently clear – namely, "his desire to throw his moral weight and allegiance, for whatever they may be worth, into the scale of the contending nations' present and future fortune." Mr. James has shown himself whole-heartedly on the side of this country in the war, and everyone remembers the letter he wrote to an American friend expressing his admiration of the strength and unity of spirit of Great Britain. All the world knows from his books that Paris and London have been the twin homes of his spirit. The fruit of the last of his infrequent visits to America was the singularly detached, not to say acidulated, impressions contained in "The American Scene." Most of his friends and interests are now in England. He spends his time here between his flat in Chelsea and his beautiful eighteenth-century house in Rye – the sort of house haunted by gracious associations he has so often lingered over in delicate, filmy sentences. In recent years the novelist's powerful, brooding countenance has become familiar to those who attend such literary events as the meetings of the Royal Society of Literature. His appearance in a prominent position at the Guildhall meeting to celebrate the rally of the colonies was noted at the time as significant.

Miscellany

One of the commonest pitfalls of our correspondents at the front is the word "literally." Before the war one was accustomed to seeing in a London paper that in one hot week in April the trees had literally leapt into leaf (did they also literally clap their little hands with glee?) or to reading a glowing account of a famous virtuoso's recital, during which the audience was literally carried away – imagine the ambulance parties! But some of our imaginative military writers have gone even further. Sir Ian Hamilton says that our soldiers literally hurled themselves ashore at Gallipoli. Another correspondent tells us that our artillery literally mowed the enemy down – as if we still attached scythe-blades to the wheels of our gun-carriages. And one of our Tommies writes home of a terrific onslaught on the Germans, and winds up by saying "We literally gave them hell." It is unthinkable – as one of the morning dailies is always remarking.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/jul/29/from-the-archive-henry-james
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Edith Elizabeth Appleton Diaries - Volume 2 (25 July 1915 to 25 April 1916)

[July] 29th Taking in day, only took 15, some bad, 3 for op. One a very sad case – a man with
his leg pulped so much that it had to be amputated. He was suffering badly from shock &
nothing seemed to touch him. This evening I gave him some strong coffee & he just roused up
enough to say he must go home to his wife and boy then “Will you pray for me & my wife &
boy”! poor fellow – I suppose he has a glimmer of a chance. Robert has volunteered for
listening post duty & is now Officer in charge of his Brigade – good boy he is doing well & I do
hope may be kept safe. I expect his Mother is anxious about him.

http://www.edithappleton.org.uk/Vol2/PDF/1915_07July.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Rugby at War World War 1 (1914-18)

World War I ended in 1918 and left 10 million dead in the fields of Western Europe. When one considers the very few players who are honored to play for their country and the numbers of losses shown below, one can only imagine the number of players lost to rugby clubs around the world by the conflict.

Internationals killed in world war I:

Scotland 30
England 27
France 23
New Zealand 12
Wales 11
Australia 9
Ireland 9
Wales 3
South Africa 4
Germany Not available

Lees verder op http://www.rugbyfootballhistory.com/rugbyatwar.html
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Claud Castleton

Claud Charles Castleton VC (12 April 1893 – 29 July 1916) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Claud Castleton was born in Kirkey, Lowestoft. Educated at a council school, he won a scholarship to the grammar school. In 1912 he set off on a long adventure, stopping first at Melbourne, Australia. He worked in various parts of Australia before heading to New Guinea, intending to earn funds for the return journey to England via New Zealand, India and Africa. Matters changed with the outbreak of the First World War; he joined the Australian force formed in New Guinea for the defence of the area in the face of German warship activities.

He subsequently served at Gallipoli, where he earned promotion.

He was 23 years old, and a Sergeant in the 5th Machine Gun Corps, Australian Imperial Force during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On the night of the 28/29 July 1916 near Pozières, France, during a night attack the infantry was temporarily driven back by the intense machine-gun fire from the enemy trenches. Many wounded were left in "No Man's Land" lying in shell holes. Sergeant Castleton went out twice in the face of this intense fire, and each time brought in a wounded man on his back. He went out a third time and was bringing in another wounded man when he was himself hit in the back and killed instantly.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Charles_Castleton
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oswald Blows: Diary entries

29 July 1916:

July 29th, 5.30pm. Well, dear diary, I have to write now that which I would had never occurred, also my thankful deliverance from a living Hell.

About 6pm last night we moved off in fighting order, & good spirits, & marched for a while over untidy shell-holed captured country, & after a while sat down until dusk. Two Hun balloons were up well back, & some of their planes – we had 16 balloons up, & a hornet’s nest of aeroplanes. At dusk, we continued our journey, & altho’ our Bn lost some men in coming up, the mob I was in were lucky enough to miss occasional shrapnel, altho’ we all had some narrow escapes. After reaching the top of a small hill, we went into a trench fixed up by our boys – a backward firing & support trench, & squeezed down it for some distance. At the end of it we passed into the open, & it was then we rushed when no flares were going up, & standing still when there were some in the air, which was sometimes continuous, & always often. Just before this very heavy firing started on our right – an attack on, or Hun counter-attack. We continued our way along a destroyed railway or tram-track, until we came to a newly dug trench, 2 ft deep, which was our hopping off line. As far as I could judge the Huns were in a sharp angled salient. Our firing line – a captured battered trench, was about 400 yds from the Hun, & our hopping-off trench, in front in no-man’s land. The Hun’s trenches were on the ridge almost, of a gently rising slope. We were at this time between the wholly ruined Pozières village, & the Ridge, our sector taking the road from Albert for Baupaume. The stench was bad from the dead, we’d passed many on our way. We were to make our H.Q. in a shell-hole – 100 yds in rear of [where] our men were to attack, & close to some ruined houses – probably a street once. We fixed up wires to every company, but they were never used. Arrangements were for our Artillery to open up at mid-night, & bombard until 12.16, then our Infantry to rush the first trench, while barrage lifted & bombarded the 2nd line for 6 minutes, then barrage to lengthen, & us to take second trench, & push as far as possible – to make an outpost at least of the ruins of an old windmill near the road. [In a note added later, Blows explained: There is a small enclosure on the site of the old windmill & surrounds a flat stone slab which records it is here that during the 1914-18 war Australian dead lay thicker than anywhere else. To me this ground is the holiest on earth.]

At 12 o’c our artillery was silent, & us near the Hun’s barbed wire, which we had been told was all destroyed. A few minutes past 12 o’c the Huns began to shrapnel us well, & machine guns were turned on, & bombs thrown. A few guns only behind us opened fire, & when our line went forward to the wire they were mown down by Enemy machine guns, & when the wire was reached, it was almost intact. Our Guns opened up more at 12.15, & then some played on the barbed wire & amongst our own men, & what with it, the enemies artillery (from front & from each side), bombs, & Machine Guns, men dropped in dozens, many on the wire. It was impossible to get through – the barbed barrier was too thick, & the enemy being in the know, he put up a living hell. Shell holes were filled with dead, dying, & wounded men, & others, & so it was till day-break, no-one retiring until ordered to do so. The boys all fought gamely, & were up against certain death whenever they stood up, & the whole ground was swept with shrapnel.

I was in our H.Q. shell-hole, expecting every minute something would catch us. The Colonel (Collett) and some others were in a sap close by & were caught – the Colonel, & others wounded, & two or three killed. We knew that under the conditions things were a complete failure, & when orders came all that remained of us had to retire – to crawl along to an old trench much battered, & many dead there, both ours and the Hun’s. We could not get our wounded in from No-man’s land owing to the intense fire. We pushed our way down this long trench helping the walking wounded, & over the top where the trench was levelled & the trench was so full of wounded that any man unwounded who wished to get along had to get along the parapet. As we came back, the Huns followed us with shrapnel – he concentrating much fire but thanks to the misty morning, things might still have been worse. We came to end of trench – no one knew the way & it was a general mix up, yet we could guess the right direction to go in, so we struck over, & into another trench, also much broken & containing any dead – some most gruesome sights, bodies being in all positions & some awfully mangled, & the stench was awful. We followed on along a road (hell-fire corner) & along to a dressing station & helped to carry wounded to place where we slept the evening before. We then had some tea, a roll call (a sorry sight) & then back about two miles near original British front lines, after we had rested & feigned sleep for a while & that is where we are now. Our Bn went in 1,000 strong and now there is few, if any, more than 300. A few of our men left here a short time ago, & tonight are going to try & bring in our wounded – It was impossible to bring anyone in who could not help himself, & many of our men are still there, poor fellows, with all kinds of broken limbs and wounds. The boys stuck to it bravely, & no one thought of retiring until the order, & officers & men alike showed many a glowing deed. Only one or two officers returned.

http://www.iwm.org.uk/server.php?show=ConWebDoc.3698&navId=2164
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Soldiers of the 17th Service Battalion, 29 July 1916

Soldiers of the 17th Service Battalion of the King's Liverpool Regiment praying during a church parade before entering the trenches.

http://www.ssplprints.com/image.php?imgref=10320511
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First Glamorgan Bantams - The War Diary - July 1917

29/7 - Battalion in Front Line. About 6 pm a prisoner was captured about R. 27 b. 5.1 by L/Cl Rogers No 26388 of C Coy. The prisoner was a signaller - L/Corpl - who had mistaken ou line for his own. On night 29/30 July the Battalion was relieved by the 18th Welsh and on completion of relief moved back into Brigade Reserve, takin over billets from the 12th S.W.B.

http://www.17thwelsh.ukf.net/Jul_17_Pages/Jul_17_DP06.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 22:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Advances south of Soissons
Date: 23 – 29 July 1918
Regiment: 1/4th and 1/7th Battalions, Cheshire Regiment


The Battalions arrived from Palestine in June and it seemed that its experience there would make it ideally suited to the open warfare that had replaced the stagnation of the trenches. The Regimental History notes, however, that they had no experience of gas. "So, they were slow to recognise gas shelling. This caused casualties which troops accustomed to gas would have avoided."

Orders were received on 21 July to move to the front line, then at Parcy Tigny, some 7 miles south of the French town of Soissons. These were quickly followed by orders that the Battalions would attack from Parcy Tigny on the 23rd. The 34th Divisional History records "In the most favourable circumstances, this would have been difficult for any troops. But, for a newly constituted Division, composed of troops which had not yet been in action in France and which had just completed a trying move by rail, bus and march route, it was a severe test. The country was entirely new. There was no time for reconnaissance. There were no organised trench systems on either side. The enemy's positions were never more than approximately known till they had been captured."

The Regimental History says that "the country was looking at its best. The battlefield was a stretch of ripe corn, surrounded by glorious forests." The advance was planned to begin 20 minutes after a rocket signal, but the order did not reach the signal station until late and, even when the rocket was fired, it was not visible to the troops. However, orders managed to be conveyed by telephone and radio. The intention was that the 7th Battalion would capture Reungny Wood and the 4th Battalion would overlap them and secure the village of Hartennes.

The 7th Battalion started its attack but it was hard going. The standing corn meant that the Lewis guns (light machine guns) had to be fired from the hip. However, an advance of some 1200 yards was made under heavy machine gun fire, but the objective was not captured. The Cheshires dug in for the night but suffered severe casualties from shell machine gun and gas. During the day, Benjamin Chappell (1/7th Battalion) was killed. It was probably here that Edward Edwards (1/4th Battalion) was affected by gas - he died in hospital four days later.

On the 24th, a further advance was made but casualties were suffered from the "friendly fire" of British artillery shells falling short. The next day was spent undertaking small patrols to harass the enemy. The Cheshires were relieved from the front line on the night of 27/28th but were held as reserve troops for a further advance on the 29th.

The main attack had stalled by about 10.45am and the Cheshires were ordered forward. It was about 2.30pm before the attack started with the objective of capturing the hamlet of Grand Rozoy. Shelling was heavy and there were accurate German snipers placed in Grand Rozoy. Sometime during the day, William Donbavand was killed. He has no known grave so may well have taken a direct hit from a shell. At some point in the previous days, Jack Longson had been severely wounded and died in hospital in Rouen on the 29th.

Stockport Soldiers who died 1914 - 1918, http://www.stockport1914-1918.co.uk/battle_report.php?name=soissons
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Rawlings, William Reginald (1890? - 1918)

RAWLINGS, WILLIAM REGINALD (1890?-1918), Aboriginal soldier, was born probably in September 1890 at Purnim, Victoria, only son of William Rawlings and his wife Elizabeth Mary, née Gorrie. His family were well-known and respected members of the Framlingham Aboriginal community and of the wider local community. William Rawlings senior was noted as an athlete. The family has among its descendants the boxer Lionel Rose and Reg Saunders, distinguished soldier of World War II and the Korean War and first Aborigine to gain commissioned rank in the army.

The Rawlings took an active part in opposing the policy of the Victorian Board for the Protection of Aborigines whose aim in the late nineteenth century was to remove able-bodied 'half-castes' from Aboriginal stations and to close the stations. Framlingham was closed in 1890. Many Aborigines, including the Rawlings, refused to move. As a result a small area of land was reserved for Aboriginal use. The Rawlings fought hard to stay on that land. Framlingham remained their home except for a period of forced removal to the Lake Condah Aboriginal station in 1898-1900. William senior was the Framlingham community representative presented to the Prince of Wales at a reception at Camperdown in 1920.

Rawlings enlisted as a private in the Australian Imperial Force from Warrnambool on 14 March 1916, giving horse-breaking as his trade. He embarked on 1 August and joined the 29th Battalion in France on 25 November. After serving with a trainee battalion in England in April-October 1917 he returned to the 29th which in mid-1918 was involved in two periods of very heavy fighting. On the night of 28-29 July the 29th and 32nd Battalions made successful advances along Morlancourt ridge. For his part Rawlings was awarded the Military Medal, the recommendation reading:

During the attack on enemy systems this soldier had the responsible position of first bayonet man in a bombing team which worked down the enemy C.T. [communication trench], routed the enemy and established a block in the trenches. Private Rawlings displayed rare bravery in the performance of his duty, killing many of the enemy, brushing aside all opposition and cleared the way effectively for the bombers of his team. His irresistible dash and courage set a wonderful example to the remainder of the team.

On 9 August the 29th Battalion was involved in the capture of Vauvillers. Rawlings was killed in this action and was buried in Heath cemetery, Harbonnières, France.

Just under 300 Australian Aborigines are known to have enlisted during World War I. Three were awarded Military Medals. Rawlings, one of 30 Victorian Aborigines to enlist of whom 15 were from the Western District, was one of them. His outstanding bravery was remembered with pride by the local community. When his mother died in June 1939 the Warrnambool branch of the Returned Soldiers' and Sailors' Imperial League of Australia organized the funeral honouring the mother of 'a fine soldier'.

http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110349b.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918: Australians in France - Nurses - "The roses of No Man's Land"

Nurses were the most significant section of the group of Australian women that participated in the war effort away from the home front. As part of the Australian Army Nursing Service, 2,139 Australian nurses served in the First World War, and 130 worked as part of the British nursing service. Female doctors were not permitted to join the medical services, because it was thought women would be too "delicate" for war medical work. Yet horror and heartbreak was what nurses faced every day in this war, and their vital work earned them a new respect within the medical profession.

Sister Pearl Corkhill was one of the few Australian Nursing sisters to receive the Military Medal. She had been transferred to No. 38 Casualty Clearing Station, which twice suffered heavy German air raids during the week of 27 July. One bomb wrecked the sterilising room and others fell within the camp. Corkhill was on night duty at the time. She wrote to her mother on 29 July 1918:

Today word came that I had been awarded the MM. Well the C.O. sent over a bottle of champagne and they all drank my health and now the medical officers are giving me a dinner in honour of the event. I can't see what I've done to deserve it but the part I don't like is having to face old George and Mary to get the medal. It will cost me a new mess dress, but I suppose I should not grumble at that- I'm still wearing the one I left Australia in.

Lees verder op http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/1918/medical/nurses.asp
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

29 July 1919 → Commons Sitting

BRITISH TERRITORY (ADJUSTMENT OF BOUNDARIES).


HC Deb 29 July 1919 vol 118 cc1930-1 1930

Major GLYN asked the Prime Minister whether an assurance may be given that no proposal or suggestion will be embodied in any treaty now being considered in Paris that will involve the surrender of any British territory or Protectorate to either an Allied or neutral country?

Mr. BONAR LAW . It would not be possible to give the assurance which would involve that no re-adjustment of boundaries could be considered.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1919/jul/29/british-territory-adjustment-of
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hitler Named Leader of Nazi Party

By early 1921, Adolf Hitler was becoming highly effective at speaking in front of ever larger crowds. In February, Hitler spoke before a crowd of nearly six thousand in Munich. To publicize the meeting, he sent out two truckloads of Party supporters to drive around with swastikas, cause a big commotion, and throw out leaflets, the first time this tactic was used by the Nazis.

Hitler was now gaining notoriety outside of the Nazi Party for his rowdy, at times hysterical tirades against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians and political groups, especially Marxists, and always the Jews.

The Nazi Party was centered in Munich which had become a hotbed of ultra right-wing German nationalists. This included Army officers determined to crush Marxism and undermine or even overthrow the young German democracy centered in Berlin.

Slowly, they began looking toward the rising politician, Adolf Hitler, and the growing Nazi movement as the vehicle to hitch themselves to. Hitler was already looking at how he could carry his movement to the rest of Germany. He traveled to Berlin to visit nationalist groups during the summer of 1921.

But in his absence, he faced an unexpected revolt among his own Nazi Party leadership in Munich.

The Party was still run by an executive committee whose original members now considered Hitler to be highly overbearing, even dictatorial. To weaken Hitler's position, they formed an alliance with a group of socialists from Augsburg.

Hitler rushed back to Munich and countered them by announcing his resignation from the Party on July 11, 1921.

They realized the loss of Hitler would effectively mean the end of the Nazi Party. Hitler seized the moment and announced he would return on the condition that he was made chairman and given dictatorial powers.

Infuriated committee members, including Anton Drexler, founder of the Party, held out at first. Meanwhile, an anonymous pamphlet appeared entitled: "Adolf Hitler: Is he a traitor?" It attacked Hitler's lust for power and criticized the violence prone men now surrounding him. Hitler responded to its publication in a Munich newspaper by suing for libel and later won a small settlement.

The executive committee of the Nazi Party eventually backed down and Hitler's demands were put to a vote of the party members. Hitler received 543 votes for, and only one against.

At the next gathering, July 29, 1921, Adolf Hitler was introduced as Führer of the Nazi Party, marking the first time that title was publicly used to address him.

http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/leader.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Virginie Lovelings oorlogsdagboek

29 Juli 1914
In 't Oosten woedt de oorlog.
België mobiliseert.

http://biblio.ugent.be/input/download?func=downloadFile&fileOId=558911&recordOId=318987
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1914)

29 juli 1914 - “De Oorlog is verklaard. De mobilisatie van de Nederlandse militairen is gereed. Nederland houdt zich neutraal. Honderdvierenvijftig lichtingen zijn opgeroepen, gezamenlijk ongeveer 2.500.000 miliciens en landweer. Voor Tilburg zal dit cijfer 25.000 bedragen.” (Tilburgse Courant)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=187:05-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1914&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1e Regiment Grenadiers

Op 29 juli 1914 wordt het Regiment ontdubbeld in het 1ste en 2de Regiment Grenadiers. Ze nemen heldhaftig deel aan de gevechten rond ANTWERPEN, waar ze zich in 1914 laten opmerken tijdens de verschillende uitvallen van augustus, september en oktober.

http://www.everyoneweb.com/buggenhout1418/Pr_Update_Knooppunt_Inhoud.aspx?WebID=buggenhout1418&BoomID=B1&KnooppuntID=K467&LG=

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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Kroniek van Roesbrugge tijdens Wereldoorlog I
(Tekst Robert Toussaint)

(...) Intussen werden in ons land reeds op 29 juli [1914] drie militieklassen onder de wapens geroepen. Het was op woensdag 29 juli 1914 dat te Roesbrugge het bericht binnenkwam dat de militieklassen 1910,1911 en 1912 hun legerkorpsen moesten vervoegen om de Duitse en Franse grens te gaan bewaken. Twee dagen later werden de klassen 1909, 1908, 1907, 1906, 1905, 1904, 1903 en 1902 opgeroepen.

Op 4 augustus, de dag nadat ook Engeland de oorlog had verklaard, kwam bij het gemeentebestuur het bericht binnen dat ook de overige klassen : 1901, 1900 en 1899 gemobiliseerd werden.

http://www.wo1.be/ned/geschiedenis/gastbijdragen/roesbrugge/roesbrugge.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Charles Dusart

Charles Edouard Dusart (Gent 25 december 1860 - Rhées (Herstal) 5 of 6 augustus 1914) was een Belgisch officier.

In 1890 vertrok hij naar Kongo, toen nog privé-eigendom van koning Leopold II. Hij verbleef er 3 jaar en streed er tegen Arabische slavenhandelaars vooraleer hij terugkeerde naar België.

In 1910 werd hij bevorderd tot luitenant-kolonel en in 1913 tot bevelhebber van het 11e Linieregiment, gekazerneerd te Hasselt.

In Hasselt was hij een graag gezien man. Tijdens langeafstandsmarsen had de kolonel de gewoonte halt te houden in een dorpsherberg. Hij dronk dan een glas met zijn mannen. Hij was een opgemerkt figuur als hij te paard over de Hasseltse Groene Boulevard reed.

In de morgen van 29 juli 1914 verzamelde hij zijn regiment op het Wapenplein (nu Kolonel Dusartplein) om de Duitsers aan te vallen tijdens hun beleg van Luik.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Dusart
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BerichtGeplaatst: 28 Jul 2010 23:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Thursday 29th July 1915- Diary of HV Reynolds

‘We spent some time this morning digging a dugout as a shelter for patients coming down from the dressing station. Two monitors and a light cruiser appeared this afternoon and fired a few shells at enemy gun positions, their fire was directed from an observation balloon. An enemy aeroplane came over this evening at about 7pm, he attempted to land a bomb on the stores in the cove but it landed harmlessly in the water, he then lost no time in getting back to his own lines and two of our planes followed him over. A reinforcement Pte Tunks replaced Pte Andrews in out squad today.’

http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2010/07/29/thursday-29th-july-1915/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2012 12:11    Onderwerp: On This Day - 29 July 1914 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 29 July 1914

Countdown to War

Russia says as Austria will not consent to interchange of view, Great Britain must take initiative; but she cannot let Austria get ahead of her, and has decided therefore to mobilise Southern Corps on Austrian frontier.

Russia officially informed by Germany (but not as a threat) that partial (Russian) mobilisation must be followed by war with Germany. Russia therefore decides on general mobilisation.

Great Britain again pressed Germany again re: mediation, but warns her that she (Great Britain) could not stand aside in all circumstances.

Council at Potsdam.

Germany makes out that she may not be able to prevent Austria going too far: makes "infamous offer" that if Great Britain would remain neutral Germany would annex no French territory.

Austrians bombard Belgrade in afternoon.

Unsuccessful Austrian attempt to cross Danube between Belgrade and Gradishte (the first of 18 vain efforts prior to 12 August).

MM. Poincare and Viviani reach Paris.

German patrols cross French frontier. Extensive German and Austrian preparations.

Tsar tries to stop general Russian mobilisation 11 p.m.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1914_07_29.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2012 12:15    Onderwerp: On This Day - 29 July 1915 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 29 July 1915

Western Front

Artillery action Souchez and Soissons sectors, around Arras, etc.

Nancy bombed.

Eastern Front

Line of Lyublin-Kholm railway cut by enemy.

German troops break through Russian positions west of the Veprj.

Unsuccessful enemy attempt to advance between Narev and the Orz.

Southern Front

Strong Italian offensive in Cordevole valley.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Loss of French submarine "Mariotte" in Dardanelles.

Austrians attempt to recapture Pelagosa.

American Note to Germany concerning the "Leelanaw" reported.

Political, etc.

Mr. Lloyd George speaks at conference of mining industry.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1915_07_29.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2012 12:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

On This Day - 29 July 1916

Western Front

Hand to hand struggle north and north-east of Pozieres and High Wood.

Two German attempts to recapture Delville Wood fail.

Activity south of Ypres and in Loos salient.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Dodoma (East Africa) occupied by British.

Political, etc.

German Note to U.S.A. Ambassador at Berlin rejects British offer to permit passage of U.S.A. foodstuffs to Poland.

Duke of Devonshire appointed Governor-General of Canada.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1916_07_29.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2012 12:18    Onderwerp: On This Day - 29 July 1917 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 29 July 1917

Western Front

Furious artillery battle in progress in Flanders and in region of Lens.

Eastern Front

Russians offer resistance in the region south of the Dniester, but retirement in Bukovina continues.

Romanian advance continues in Moldavia; all objectives and many prisoners taken.


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BerichtGeplaatst: 29 Jul 2012 12:19    Onderwerp: On This Day - 29 July 1918 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 29 July 1918

Western Front

German positions north of Oulchy-le-Chateau stormed. French capture Grand Rozoy. French and British capture Buzancy. Australians capture Merris and advance in Morlancourt sector, south of Albert.

Political, etc.

Munition workers' strike at end.


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