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War, Art, & Medicine-Henry Tonks

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Okt 2010 10:41    Onderwerp: War, Art, & Medicine-Henry Tonks Reageer met quote

War, Art, & Medicine-Henry Tonks

Harold Gillies and Henry Tonks.
Gillies was a military surgeon who made great advances in reconstructive surgery through repairing the mutilated faces of wounded soldiers during the first world war. Tonks also trained as a surgeon and was commissioned as a war artist. His early work, sanctioned by the government, commemorated the work of the medical services on the front line. After the war, he joined Gillies at a facial surgery unit. Gillies was continuing his work in early plastic surgery; Tonks dedicated himself to providing archival drawings of patients before and after reconstructive surgery.

Tonkss pastels show, in gory detail, the injuries to soldiers who were literally in the line of fire. In stark contrast to his earlier sanitised images of conflict, the pictures show blank despair in the eyes of patients who have raw tissue where noses, cheeks, and jaws should be. The “after” pictures show the same people, happier, proud even, with recognisable facial features once more, although the residual disfigurement ranges from mild to severe.


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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Okt 2010 10:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

http://www.culture24.org.uk/asset_arena/8/34/1438/v0_master.jpg

Henry Tonks’ work as a surgeon and artist during World War I is to figure prominently in Pat Barker’s next novel, a sequel to 'Life Class', set at Slade School of Art where Tonks was teacher and then principal.
http://www.culture24.org.uk/history+%26+heritage/war+%26+conflict/world+war+one/art57168

The images can be seen via the Royal College of Surgeons' online catalogue
http://surgicat.rcseng.ac.uk/(aaxp23jmf5qfdn45rsdt1d45)/brief.aspx
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Okt 2010 10:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Henry Tonks was born in Birmingham in 1862. After being educated at Clifton College he studied medicine at Brighton (1882-85) and London Hospital (1885-1888). After qualifying he became a doctor at the Royal Free Hospital in London.

Tonks also attended drawing lessons at the London Technical Institute where he met the artist Frederick Brown. When Brown became principal of Slade Art School, he convinced Tonks to give up medicine and become one of its teachers. While at the the Slade he taught Stanley Spencer, Mark Gertler, William Roberts and Christopher Nevinson. Although an outstanding teacher, Tonks made an error of judgment when he told Nevinson that he did not have the talent to become an artist.

On the outbreak of the First World War, Tonks returned to medicine and joined the Royal Army Military Corps on the Western Front. As a doctor and artist, he was selected to join the team pioneering plastic surgery. Although still in France, Tonks was appointed principal of the Slade Art School in 1917.

In 1918 Tonks and John Singer Sargent were both invited to become official war artists. They both witnessed men being treated for blindness after a mustard gas attack. Whereas Sargent painted Gassed, Tonks produced An Advanced Dressing Station in France. Tonks also completed another painting with a medical theme while on the Western Front, An Underground Casualty Clearing Station (1918).

After the war Tonks returned to the Slade Art School. He continued to paint and his most well-known work, Saturday Night in the Vale, was completed just before his retirement in 1930. Henry Tonks died in 1937.



(c) http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ARTtonks.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Dec 2010 20:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De tekeningen van Henry tonks via de site van de Gillies Archives:

http://www.gilliesarchives.org.uk/Tonks%20pastels/content/index.html
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