Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog
Hét WO1-forum voor Nederland en Vlaanderen
 
 FAQFAQ   ZoekenZoeken   GebruikerslijstGebruikerslijst   WikiWiki   RegistreerRegistreer 
 ProfielProfiel   Log in om je privé berichten te bekijkenLog in om je privé berichten te bekijken   InloggenInloggen   Actieve TopicsActieve Topics 

Wing Commander Frank Arthur Brock RNAS-Zeebrugge Raid

 
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> St.-Georges Day Raids Zeebrugge en Oostende 1918 Actieve Topics
Vorige onderwerp :: Volgende onderwerp  
Auteur Bericht
Regulus 1



Geregistreerd op: 17-7-2005
Berichten: 12476
Woonplaats: Jabbeke, Flanders - Home of the Marine Jagdgeschwader in WW I

BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2008 12:06    Onderwerp: Wing Commander Frank Arthur Brock RNAS-Zeebrugge Raid Reageer met quote

Frank Arthur Brock (1884 – 23 April 1918) was a famed British First World War Royal Air Force Officer who devised and executed the smoke screen used during the Zeebrugge Raid on 23 April 1918, the British Royal Navy's attempt to neutralize the key Belgian port of Bruges-Zeebrugge.

The son of Arthur Brock of Haredon Sutton, Surrey, of the famous C.T. Brock & Co. fireworks manufacturers.[1] [2]. He was educated at Dulwich College[3] where he blew up a stove in his form room.[4] Frank Brock went into the family business in 1901 where he remained until the outbreak of the First World War.[5]

He originally obtained a commission in the Royal Artillery but was within a month loaned to the Royal Naval Air Service to which he transferred. He was a member of the Admiralty Board of Inventions and Research and had founded, organized and commanded the Royal Navy Experimental Station at Stratford.[6]

Among his many developments were the following:[7]

The Dover Flare - used in anti-submarine warfare.
The Brock Colour Filter
The Brock Bullet (or Brock Incendiary Bullet or Brock Anti-Zeppelin Bullet) - the first German airship to be shot down was destroyed by this bullet).
By the time the Royal Naval Air Service merged with the Royal Flying Corps to form the Royal Air Force on 1 April 1918, Brock had risen to the rank of Wing Commander and had been awarded the O.B.E. for services to king and country.

On the night of 22–23 April 1918, the Zeebrugge Raid began when an armada of British sailors and marines led by the old cruiser, HMS Vindictive, attacked the Mole at Zeebrugge, Belgium, in order to negate the serious threat to Allied shipping, that was being posed by the port being used by the German Navy as a base for their U-boats and light shipping. Brock brought on board with him a box marked 'Highly Explosive, Do Not Open' which actually contained bottles of vintage port which were drunk by his men.[8] For the attack, Brock was in charge of the massive smoke screens that were to cover the approach of the raiding party:

Brock's new and improved smokescreen, or "artificial fog" as he preferred to call it, was ingenious. Essentially, a chemical mixture was injected directly under pressure into the hot exhausts of the motor torpedo boats and other small craft or the hot interior surface of the funnels of destroyers. The larger ships each had welded iron contraptions, in the region of ten feet in height, hastily assembled at Chatham. These were fed with solid cakes of phosphide of calcium. Dropped into a bucket-like container full of water, the resulting smoke and flames roared up a chimney and were dispersed by a windmill arrangement. It was more toxic than its predecessor. Taking in a lungful was an extremely unpleasant experience.[9]

At Zeebrugge, Brock, anxious to discover the secret of the German system of sound-ranging, begged permission to go ashore, not content to watch the action from an observation ship. He joined a storming party on the Mole and was killed in action.[10]

He is commemorated by a special memorial at the Zeeebrugge Memorial [11] because his body was never recovered. The Zeeebrugge Memorial commemorates three officers and one mechanic of the Royal Navy who died on the mole at Zeebrugge and have no known grave. The memorial stands in Zeebrugge Churchyard where 30 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War are buried or commemorated. 17 of the burials are unidentified but a special memorial commemorates the officer of the Royal Naval Air Service known to be buried among them. [12]

Henry Major Tomlinson wrote of Wing Commander Brock: A first-rate pilot and excellent shot, Commander Brock was a typical English sportsman; and his subsequent death during the operations, for whose success he had been so largely responsible, was a loss of the gravest description to both the Navy and the empire.[13]

References
1^ Alan St. Hill Brock, (1922), Pyrotechnics: The History and Art of Firework Making, (D. O'Connor:Great Russell Street, London)
2^ Warner, Philip, (1978) The Zeebrugge Raid, page 29, (William Kimber:London)
3^ Hodges, S, (1981), God's Gift: A Living History of Dulwich College, page 101, (Heinemann: London)
4^ John M. Bourne, (2001), Who's Who in World War One, page 28, (Routledge:London)
5^ Alan St. Hill Brock, (1922), Pyrotechnics: The History and Art of Firework Making, page 166, (D. O'Connor:Great Russell Street, London)
6^ John M. Bourne, (2001), Who's Who in World War One, page 38, (Routledge:London)
7^ John M. Bourne, (2001), Who's Who in World War One, page 38, (Routledge:London)
8^ John M. Bourne, (2001), Who's Who in World War One, page 39, (Routledge:London)
9^ Lake, Deborah, (2002) The Zeebrugge and Ostend Raids 1918, (Leo Cooper:Barnsley)
10^ Cecil Faber Aspinall--Oglander, (1951), Roger Keyes: Being the Biography of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Keyes of Zeebrugge and Dover, page 246, (Hogarth Press)
11^ Commonwealth War Graves Commission BROCK, FRANK ARTHUR
12^ Commonwealth War Graves Commission ZEEBRUGGE MEMORIAL
13^ Henry Major Tomlinson, (1930), Great Sea Stories of All Nations, page 369, (G.G. Harrap & co. ltd:London)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Arthur_Brock"



Een meer uitgebreidere bio van de hand van ondergetekende zal later deze maand volgen, na de Zeebrugge meet.

Ondertussen is gebleken dat Brock het verst van al doorgedrongen is op de Zeebrugse havendam en een deel van de crew van de Mole batterij uitschakelde in een poging om de HMS North Star ter hulp te komen die per ongeluk in de haven terecht kwam. Het verhaal is exclusief voor de deelnemers aan de meet.
_________________
http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/wiki/


Laatst aangepast door Regulus 1 op 13 Apr 2008 23:08, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45457

BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2008 12:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Frank Arthur Brock
Birth: 1884
Death: Apr. 23, 1918

British World War I Royal Air Force Officer; son of Arthur Brock of Haredon Sutton, Surrey, of C.T. Brock & Co. fireworks manufacturers. Educated at Dulwich College, the younger Brock went into the family business after graduation. He was a member of the Admiralty Board of Inventions and Research and had founded, organized and commanded the Royal Navy Experimental Station at Stratford. He joined the Royal Naval Air Service shortly after the war began, and progressed through the chain of command to the rank of Wing Commander by the time the RNAS merged with the Royal Flying Corps to form the RAF on April 1, 1918. Brock was also keeping busy with various inventions for further the war effort, among them the Brock Anti-Zeppelin Bullet. He was awarded an O.B.E. (one step below knighthood) for services to king and country. On the night of 22-23 April 1918, an armada of British sailors and marines in a motley collection of destroyers, launches, old submarines and Mersey ferry-boats attacked the mole [breakwater] at Zeebrugge, Belgium, at the head of the canal leading to the German submarine pens at Brugge. Higher-ups in the Royal Navy realized there was no way they could actually capture the canal or the submarine pens, but they could block access by sinking three obsolescent, coal-burning cruisers, filled with concrete, across the canal. For the attack, Brock was in charge of the massive smoke screens that were to cover the approach of the raiding party. His process involved injecting a chemical into the launches’ exhaust systems, but this chemical contained saxin, which was used in the manufacture of artificial sweetener at the time and was in very short supply. However, the Government agreed that all supplies of saxin should be diverted to this project, and many dieters and diabetics in England drank their tea unsweetened for several weeks, unaware that they were assisting the war effort. At Zeebrugge, Brock was not content to watch the action from an observation ship; he joined a storming party on the mole and was killed in action. A friend later said of him, “He was the sort of man who would never dream of going back. I can imagine him being on the Mole at Zeebrugge, and, if he lost his revolver, fighting on with his fists.” His body was never recovered.

Burial:
Zeebrugge Memorial
Brugge
West-Vlaanderen, Belgium
Plot: Memorial Plaque (no known grave)

Record added: Sep 6 2004
By: Paul F. Wilson

Bron:
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSvcid=7198&GRid=9428373&
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45457

BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Apr 2008 8:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SMOKE SCREENS

Large dense smoke screens were to play a crucial role in the plan. A new method of producing smoke had recently been developed by Commander Brock, son of the founder of the Brocks Firework Company. It involved injecting chemical into the exhaust fumes of the motor boats, but this chemical contained saxin which was used in the manufacture of artificial sweetener and was in very short supply. However the Government agreed that all supplies of saxin should be diverted to this project and many diabetics in England went without sweetener in their tea for several weeks, unaware that they were helping in the preparations for the Raid.

The fast motor boats which were to lay the smoke screens were the glamorous so called 'speed merchants' of the Dover Patrol. Of sleek wooden construction they were capable of 27 knots and were to be used in great numbers during the Raid, weaving in and out of the large ships in the assault fleet, laying smoke screens and standing by to pick up survivors.

Zie verder:
© http://www.mckenzie.uk.com/zeebrugge/Smoke_Screens_-_Albert_McKenzi/smoke_screens_-_albert_mckenzi.html
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Berichten van afgelopen:   
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> St.-Georges Day Raids Zeebrugge en Oostende 1918 Tijden zijn in GMT + 1 uur
Pagina 1 van 1

 
Ga naar:  
Je mag geen nieuwe onderwerpen plaatsen
Je mag geen reacties plaatsen
Je mag je berichten niet bewerken
Je mag je berichten niet verwijderen
Ja mag niet stemmen in polls


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group